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#3 / 2018
Foreign Caucasus studies as part of emigration studies of the 20th century: history and prospects
The paper discusses features of formation of emigration studies as part of foreign Caucasus studies. The author allocates three periods: the years 1920-1930s, the years of World War II and a post-war wave (the 1940 - 1950s), the years 1990-2010s. The foreign Caucasus studies are examined from two positions: first, from the point of view of modern European, Caucasian and Russian researches of this historical period, and, secondly, Caucasus studies as scientific direction in emigration of these years. The author comes to conclusion that the foreign Caucasus studies covering life of the North Caucasian diaspora from the 1920s to the 2010s, almost throughout 100 years, in many respects still need both assembled primary materials (archival and field ethnographic), and carrying out analytical researches in the next decades. At the same time in modern European society, modern emigrants from the Caucasus continue to develop the Caucasus studies established in the 1920-30s by forces of the Caucasian emigration.
Demographic problem in the countries of tropical Africa (the 1960s – the beginning of the 21st century)
One of topical problems of the world community of the end of the 20th - the beginning of the 21st centuries is fight against poverty, malnutrition and hunger in the poorest countries of Asia and Africa, especially in Africa to the south of the Sahara Desert. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the reasons and consequences of "population explosion" of the 1960s - the beginning of the 21st century in the states of Tropical Africa, and measures for decrease in birth rate in the countries of this region.
Kazanchi A.R., Pocheshkhov N.A.
Exhibition design and creation of the historic-revolutionary museums as one of aspects of political and educational activity of Istpart in Kuban
The paper analyzes the work of Istpart in Kuban in the field of political and educational activity. We explore in detail such areas of work as exhibition design and creation of the historic-revolutionary museums devoted to the October Revolution and promotion of revolutionary and fighting traditions of the Bolshevik Party.
Inclusive education in the Tyumen region: the Gipsy population case (1991 – the beginning of the 21st century)
This paper examines features of implementation in the Tyumen region of the principle of uniformity and obligation of receiving the general education in the Russian Federation based on the example of the Gipsy population of the region. The study aims at identification of the operating system instruments of integration of the multiethnic population at schools of the territorial subject of the Russian Federation.
On the organization of defensive boundary construction in the Chechen-Ingush ASSR in days of the Great Patriotic War
The paper uses the archival materials introduced for the first time for scientific use to explore the organization of labor mobilization in the Chechen-Ingush ASSR of the period of the Great Patriotic War. Labor mobilization aimed at implementation of types of works, important for the state. Mobilization to carry out construction of defensive boundaries, which in the fall – winter of 1942 have captured the most part of able-bodied population of the republic, were the most mass. At the same time, labor army members from Chechen-Ingushetia were often used at works outside the republic. Since 1943, scales of labor mobilization considerably reduced.
Everyday life of the Kuban Cossacks in theses of the Russian historians: review of dissertation researches of the 2000s
The paper deals with the purposeful narrative of the dissertation researches devoted to various aspects of everyday life of the Kuban Cossack army. In our opinion, historians of the Kuban Cossacks have achieved the greatest success in this direction. We have analyzed PhD and doctoral dissertations of O.V. Matveev, N.B. Akoeva, Zh.O. Abregova, Yu.N. Yemelyanov, A.A. Tsybulnikova, A.V. Gayvoronskaya, etc. These works are of conceptual interest to the researchers of various Cossack troops of the country and to all historians working within history of everyday life.
Schneider W.G., Shkhachemukov R.M., Koichuev A.D.
Formation and development of working class in the North Caucasus at the end of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th centuries: historiography of problem
The paper is devoted to studying a historiography of history of social formation and development of working class in the North Caucasus at the end of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th centuries. The authors have analyzed the most significant researches written on this subject from the 1920s so far.
Arakelova E.V., Sergeev E.V.
Problems of formation of sense of justice of youth in modern sociocultural conditions of the Russian reality
The present article is devoted to the analysis of problems of formation of legal consciousness in the modern younger generation and influence of sociocultural specifics of modern Russian reality on this process. Authors investigate the factors forming legal consciousness of youth in the general system of improvement of state system of Russia.
Innovation in the motivational sphere of subjects of social control in Russian regions: ideological aspect
In the present paper, the author investigates innovation ideology as set of principles of subjects of social control in the Russian regions focused on adoption of innovation, process of introduction of the social, economic, and technological changes providing development of regional society. The study proves and develops a provision that the ideology of innovation is poorly shown in the activity - motivational sphere of subjects of social control in regions, and realization of the idea of innovative development based on pragmatical values is relevant.
Kushkhabiev A.V., Alkhasov M.M., Tabaksoev I.A.
ON CURRENT TRANSFORMATION OF SYSTEM OF VALUES OF THE POPULATION IN KABARDINO-BALKARIA (ACCORDING TO RESULTS OF EXPERT POLL)
The paper presents the analysis of results of expert poll on transformation of system of values of the population in Kabardino-Balkaria during the contemporary period. We have identified that the population of Kabardino-Balkaria had had a substantial transformation of system of values. Economic values have become dominating in it. Family values are the steadiest. Specific weight of believers of all faiths increased at the population of the Republic. Political values take the last rank place in hierarchy of values of the population of Kabardino-Balkaria.
Interaction of television and Internet in an aspect of a feedback with audience
At the beginning of the 21st century, the role of television and Internet has significantly increased in life of each modern person. In sociological science, insufficient attention is paid to a problem of studying interaction of each of these media separately. Within this work, we are interested in penetration of spectator opinion of TV audience into Internet space. On the Internet, there is the most mobile platform for interaction, and in network, it is possible to obtain data on opinion of unvarnished audience. A research objective is to analyze feedback sources concerning the work of television expressed by media audience on the Internet.
The tasks set during the research are implemented by means of the analysis of contents, work and popularity of Internet resources about television, among which are official sites of TV channels, official pages of channels on Facebook, in Contact and Instagram, the thematic websites and forums, pages of fan clubs.
In the course of the analysis, we have revealed the following: structure of segmentation of TV audience feedback, the Internet portals for expression of TV viewers’ opinion, and determinants of popularity of Internet resources at TV viewers.
Today on the Internet, the mobile platform enjoying popularity for discussion of work of television and all its aspects in the most various formats is created. The following interdependence has been revealed: the higher the activity of administration of an Internet resource, the more is the number of subscribers, and the more often the filling of a resource is updated, the higher is the activity of users.
Plotnikov V.V., Kasparov A.R.
On social factors of the manifestation of extremism
The paper discloses the social bases of emergence of extremist threat. The specifics of author's approach to the solution of this problem consist in the analysis of regularities of functioning of the main social institutes in the conditions of the transformational processes proceeding in modern society. Special attention is paid to a role of departmental education in the course of prevention of extremism.
Methodological approaches to studying legal culture of the Russian society
The present paper is devoted to the analysis of the main theoretical and methodological approaches in a research of legal culture of Russian modern society. The author notes that use of a frame analysis can be an effective remedy in a research of the sphere of legal relationship in modern society.
Reconstruction of traditions in the context of the compensatory theory
The paper deals with the phenomenon of preservation and reconstruction of traditions in modern societies through a prism of the compensatory theory. According to the compensatory theory, the dynamism of a modernist style, constant innovations and instability of the present cause an opposite tendency in culture in the form of the amplifying desire to keep the past, to create something strong in changeable unstable reality. The aspiration to keep historical heritage is followed by continuous process of its reconstruction and designing. In such context, the process of reconstruction of traditions taking place in modern societies, including Russian, appears as the integral element of modernity. Globalization and crisis of national identities makes the stimulating impact on this process.
The sociocultural analysis in researches of behavior deviations in contemporary Russian society: specifics and advantages
The present paper proves advantages of the sociocultural analysis of a phenomenon of behavior deviation on the scientific field of modern sociology. The author notes that the validity of sociocultural approach to this analysis lies in an objectivization of a possibility to investigate processes of violation of a social order and legitimation of their various forms in the context of value specifics of social interaction.
Patriotism in the context of a unification of Russian modern society
In the paper, the author notes that against the background of interstate and external challenges and risks the subject of patriotism is actualized in a greater degree. Devaluation of patriotism during the period since the end of the 20th - the beginning of the 21st centuries is caused by refusal of ideology of the Soviet period and the value nihilism, which has arisen on this basis. Stabilization in the social and economic sphere acts as the basis for revision of the attitude towards patriotism as it can be considered as a resource of consolidation of the population of Russia.
Bolokova M.A., Bezrukova A.A.
On some methodological aspects of studying a problem of the person in culture philosophy
The paper discusses some aspects of interpretation of a problem of the person in the Western European philosophy, and their interrelation with natural sciences. Authors emphasize that the complicated human nature is disclosed through cultural symbols.
Garazha N.A., Malysheva E.M.
"… Remember, people live in other houses too". Review of the book by Elke Scherstjanoj "Capture in the East (1941-1945). Memoirs and experience of the German soldiers". Voronezh: Publisher O.Yu. Aleynikov, 2016. 208 p.
Thorough insight into the experience gained by soldiers of Wehrmacht, who were hold in Soviet captivity, is provided to attention of the reader. The assembled memoirs interviews show wonderfully a many-sided picture recreating all variety of personal examples of fear, confusion and hopes of soldiers of army of conquerors in a strange land, some uniformity of the arising deep experiences. Memories of meetings "personally" with the Russian soldier in the conditions of the front, with the Soviet person who was "enemy" in captivity, shape the answer to a question as to what are the obvious and hidden meanings of hostility of the people to the people, the individual to the individual. The addressing the analysis of incentive impulses of formation of new space for dialogue evolves from reformatting of the previous stereotypes. The reviewed edition of the German researcher Elke Scherstjanoj brings to reflections these difficult and very relevant problems in modern geopolitical realities.