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#3 / 2017
The protest movement in the North Caucasus during collectivization
In the paper, an attempt is undertaken to consider the nature of the protest movement in the North Caucasus. Rejection of methods of collectivization in the North Caucasian village was the main reason of the protest movement of peasants. The publication specifies areas of the North Caucasus where the protest movement had the hard-fought character. Specifics of the protest movement in the mountain aul are considered.
The Soviet power and Muslim clergy of the North Caucasus in the 1917-1920s: experience of interplay (from materials of the Adyghe people)
In the article, on the basis of large factual material, the author investigates the interplay of the Soviet power and progressive wing of the Adyghe Muslim clergy during the 1917-1920s. The conclusion is drawn that its cornerstone was the mutual aspiration of the parties to cooperation caused by a complex combination of national, political, religious and cultural factors. Despite initially existing divergence in purposes of interaction on the part of the Soviet power and Muslim clergy, it objectively promoted integration of the mountain people of the North Caucasus into the Soviet geopolitical space, change of their sociocultural shape, and formation of new cultural requirements.
Historical stages of formation of international legal base in the sphere of protection of cultural heritage of mankind
The author considers cultural heritage within its historical development, international legal base and scientific concept. The international organizations and communities which have played the defining role in historical formation of a legal basis on protection and preservation of world cultural heritage are objects of this paper.
Kagazezhev B.S., Maremshaova I.I., Musukaev A.I., Unezhev K.Kh.,
The socio-economic situation of the peoples of the north Caucasus during the pre-revolutionary period
The paper reveals the nature and characteristics of the socio-economic life of the North Caucasian peoples, the development of industry, banking institutions and agriculture in the region. Industrialization which has captured Russia during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries has led to penetration of industrial production into the North Caucasus. Together with it, process of further development of transportation, formation of modern financial - economic system, and intensification of agricultural production has been started. In particular, objects of the oil-processing, chemical, heavy, light and food industry have been put into operation by means of attraction of the domestic and foreign capital. The process of integration of the people of the North Caucasian region into the Russian social and economic space took place in conditions of penetration of a banking system not only to city, but also to rural areas. On the basis of generalization of results of socio-economic development the conclusion is drawn that during the pre-revolutionary period there were favorable prerequisites in the North Caucasian region for steady formation of working class in the urban environment and further penetration of the banking sector into rural areas.
Marriage and wedding ceremonialism of Lezgins-Karchagts in the 19-20th centuries
The paper explores wedding ceremonies of Lezgins-Karchagts of Southern Daghestan in the 19-20th centuries. Marriage on a courtship (conspiracy) was considered as the most common form of marriage. Islam played the great role in the family and marriage relations. An indispensable condition of marriage was the repayment that complicated a marriage of sons and delivery in marriage of daughters of simple rayats which then got to a debt hole. In a wedding procession the set of ceremonies and customs was applied. During the specified period Lezgins-Karchagts also had such forms of marriage as abduction, cradle betrothal, etc. In Soviet period forms of marriage have changed, the main form was marriage by mutual consent of the young man and girl. During modern times also international marriages found distribution.
Peacekeeping activities of Kabardino-Balkaria public authorities for settlement of the Ossetian-Ingush conflict
The paper discusses peacekeeping activities of Kabardino-Balkaria public authorities for settlement of the Ossetian-Ingush conflict in the 1990s. It has been revealed that this activity considerably promoted stabilization of a situation in the North Caucasus region.
International legal acts of the second half of the 19th – the early 20th centuries on settlement of the English-Russian contradictions in Middle and Central Asia
An attempt is undertaken to define basic reasons for sharpening of the English-Russian contradictions, and to reveal zones of collision of interests of Russia and England in Middle and Central Asia. For this purpose a number of international legal documents (agreements, contracts, notes, protocols, etc.) concerning stages, economic, political and strategic motives of advance of Russia to Middle Asia are investigated.
Modes of personal self-representation: dialogical nature of social reflection
The paper studies modes of self-representation which in modern society act as means of group unity on the basis of the general signs revealed by means of self-presentation which have become social markers of a group formation. Mode of self-presentation is manifestation of a social reflection in which processes of an objectivation of internal reflexive intensions and representation by the individual of himself to other people are reflected.
Distance learning as educational practice in contemporary higher education institution
This article focuses on consideration of distance learning in the context of educational practices in young people environment. Data are provided to show the results of the content analysis of the official sites of four South Russian higher education institutions and outcomes of students’ questionnaires concerning distance learning.
Volkov Yu.G., Bineeva N.K., Pechkurov I.V.
Implementation of ethnocultural education and civil patriotic education in the south of Russia in the context of national policy
The national policy in multicultural Russian society cannot be realized not taking into account importance of ethnocultural education and civil patriotic education. This publication analyzes ideas of the population of regions of the South of Russia about ways of satisfaction of ethnocultural requirements and influence of these processes on formation of civil and patriotic consciousness. The cornerstone of this work are results of sociological researches which demonstrate changes towards strengthening entire Russian identity and civil and patriotic feelings at simultaneous development of cultures of the people of the region of the South of Russia. Nevertheless, the feeling of patriotism cultivated by pride for the historical past and cultural achievements is accompanied by incompliance of expectations of the population in social and economic spheres that cannot but affect the level of consolidation of the Russian society.
Contemporary information environment: moral dilemma of governance of public consciousness
The paper explores destructive information social and psychological pressure, information stresses, information terrorism, replication of negative information, impurity and contamination of the information environment with the imposed and even harmful information, and aggression of information environment that give the chance to qualify the information environment of contemporary society as negative in relation to the person, creating conditions for violation of his information security.
Prospects for overcoming neutralization of illegal practices in the sphere of Russian small business
The author of the paper justifies the idea that the prospects for overcoming the illegal practices in the sphere of Russian small business are determined by a combination of structural conditions related both to the formation of small business as a group of specific interests and to the change in the activity-value orientations of actors of small business oriented toward making profits on the basis of social and investment activities.
Mikhaylov A.P., Podporin I.V.
Subcultural diversity as a risk-producing factor in the environment of Russian contemporary young people
In this paper, the authors analyze the factors contributing to modern specifics of dynamics of criminalization among contemporary young people of Russia. As a special determinant, the work focuses on loss of former influence of the dominating culture and considerable activization of various subcultural currents, in turn, legitimating these or those forms of illegal behavior of young Russians.
Social inequality in perceptions of students (from materials of an empirical research)
The aim of the paper is to study influence of a factor of sociocultural inequality on student's social integration. Results of questionnaire of 1000 respondents - students of higher and high education institutions of Maikop - carried out by the author of this paper are used as empirical material. The novelty of research lies in addressing the problem of influence of sociocultural inequality on students which is insufficiently studied in modern sociology. The relevance lies in identification of the students’ attitude to this social phenomenon.
The comparative analysis of results of poll has shown that students of higher education institutions have the better scientific-theoretical preparation on the matter than students of high institutions: they estimate and perceive sociocultural inequality more objectively. At the same time all recipients, with greater or smaller degree of confidence, consider material factors to be the main reason for this phenomenon. Conclusions of this research are that difficulties in social integration of youth are in many respects connected with feeling of sociocultural inequality in society and in the higher school environment which in general is perceived as the negative social phenomenon.
Interaction of public authorities and non-profit public organizations for implementation of young people involvement potential in sports activity
The present paper describes the mechanism of interaction of authorities and non-profit organizations, as well as the main directions of realization of state policy on young people involvement in sports activity. The carried-out analysis of special literature shows that for today necessary infrastructure for sports and physical culture activities has been destroyed that inevitably affects devaluation of the corresponding values of youth among which the sport and physical culture take the insignificant place. Now certain attempts are made by the state to correct situation. However these attempts should be estimated only as an initial stage of actions. In this paper the author analyzes a number of fundamental documents, implementation of which will make it possible to intensify process of youth inclusion in the system of sport and physical culture.
Problem of educational practices of the students of higher education institutions as consumers of educational services
This paper explores the problem of educational practices of the students of higher education institutions in the context of development of the sphere of educational services of the higher school. The author puts forward for discussion the question of formation of educational practices of students within interplay of the producer and the consumer of educational services. An analysis is made of different types of educational practices of contemporary students, including practices of participation of students in classroom occupations, preparation for demonstration of knowledge, and passing of stages of knowledge control. Also their substantial characteristics, abundance and problem zones are revealed.
Extreme subculture of the Russian frontier guards in the North Caucasus (from materials of sociological examination)
The paper proves the sociological provision that there was special subculture of the frontier guards who were involved in combat operations in the North Caucasus in the late nineties – the early 2000s. An analysis is made of the distinctive quality of border subculture – the extremeness due to tension of actions and fighting qualities of common soldiers and officers of border troops. Leaning on a concept of extremeness of psychological science, the author gives its treatment in culture sociology. Qualities of frontier guards (courage, fighting capacity, readiness for fighting, etc.) are presented as norm and the values of extreme subculture. Measurement of extremeness is conducted, its high level is shown and some of its divergences are disclosed.
Euroasian values: experience of interpretation
The paper examines such sociocultural phenomenon as the Euroasian values. Since today the designated phenomenon is positioned by domestic scientists-humanists at the level of one of the dominating axiological principles of the present, the author focuses attention on those difficulties which inevitably require coordination of efforts of the whole human community. Agreeing that the Euroasian values are an essential component of the problem, in the center of which there are relations of the personality and society, the author states the following. The attitude for Euroasian values cannot be realized out of removal of a contradiction between real and due. At the same time the author puts forward an idea that education as experience of formation of thought activity (life-sustaining activity) of the Russian young people can act as one of the mechanisms promoting solution of the available contradiction.
Social trends in the transformation of patriotism in the structure of the civil identity of youth at the all-Russian level
The paper develops the idea that at the national level there is a further deepening of the patriotism of young people towards greater civic-mindedness, which, however, can take ambivalent forms in relation to statehood and state paternalism, which, however, is still rooted in the public consciousness of Russians. It is noted that the symbolic resources of patriotism associated with Russia's success in the geopolitical arena of recent years (the Crimea's joining, successes in the fight against international terrorism in Syria) are largely depleted, primarily because of a real drop in the incomes of citizens. Among the Russian young people there are tendencies to evaluate more and more the activities of the state and government based on economic benefits, which leads to the rationalization of patriotism and civic identity, its understanding taking into account a strategy of investing in human capital.
Fadeeva T.S., Atashukova Ì.Ê.
Ethnocultural features of gender stereotype transformation
In the present paper, the author deals with features of gender stereotypes in the ethnocultural environment using an example of the Republic of Adyghea, and analyzes extent of influence of ethnocultural features on formation and transformation of gender stereotypes.
Corporatism in the context of formation of personnel structure of administrative management
The author pursues an aim to analyze the influence of corporatism, as the algorithm of professional activity of subjects of administrative control in the Russian society, on personnel selection and formation of personnel administration system. The author comes to the conclusion that corporatism acts as a mechanism of personnel selection and determines the hierarchy of sought-after qualities of applicants at the level of behavioral code and the language of communication of the subjects of administrative control.
Shadzhe A.Yu., Ilyinova N.A., Setova C.A.
Patriotism as factor of sociocultural integration
The paper gives reasons for great necessity of patriotism re-thinking in the context of complex globalized world. The authors consider "the big and "small" Homeland as a basis of patriotism; and reveal the interrelation between patriotism and historical memory. It is proved that in the conditions of spiritual crisis, when network culture intensely forms value and world outlook baselines in the digital world, the patriotism can become one of strategic resources of consolidation of the Russian society. Of special interest are results of sociological researches in which dynamics of ethnosocial general condition in the North Caucasus in comparison with the Russian indicators, have allowed definition of young people setting for problems of integration and interethnic communication.
Military culture of Russia in the second half of the 19th century in V. Dahl’s "Letters to friends from the campaign to Khiva”
In the paper, an attempt is undertaken to analyze V.I. Dahl’s work of Orenburg period, in particular his "Letters to friends from the campaign to Khiva" as the primary source of information about the military culture of Russia in the second half of the 19th century. The author explored the travel essays of V. Dahl about the Khiva campaign as a military chronicle and analyzed the activities of V. Dahl as a military journalist.
Review of the monograph: North Caucasus: religions, policy, elites, safety / Ed. T. Bodio. Warsaw: Wladza elite przywodztwo, 2017. V. XI. 604 p.
In the present review, the analysis is carried out of a monographic research which has been prepared by the international group of scientists on current problems of ethnoreligious and sociopolitical development of the North Caucasian society. Use of cross-disciplinary approach to consider dynamics of sociocultural and ethnoconfessional changes in the North Caucasus is the best asset of the reviewed scientific work that allows research community to carry out complex diagnostics of key problems of the region.