The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,<br />
the series “Region Studies: Philosophy, History, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Political Sciences and Culturology” The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,
the series “Region Studies: Philosophy, History, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Political Sciences and Culturology”
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#4 / 2017

History

  • Abazov A.Kh., Dzamikhov K.F., Zumakulov B.M., Tsoloev T.S.
    THE OSSETIAN-INGUSH MIXED JURY TRIAL (1908-1910): THE PLACE IN THE TERSKAYA REGION JUDICIAL SYSTEM AND FEATURES OF LAW-ENFORCEMENT PRACTICE

    In the paper, an example of the Ossetian-Ingush mixed jury trial operating in 1908-1910 is used to investigate functioning of the arbitration courts established in the Terskaya region at the beginning of the 20th century. It is focused that the mixed jury trial, on the one hand, leaned on traditional forms of resolution of the disputes and conflicts arising between the Ossetians and Ingushs at the beginning of the 20th century and, on the other hand, was under control of authorities. The conclusion is drawn that in the judicial system of the Terskaya region at the beginning of the 20th century the role of intermediary courts was significant, but traditional peacekeeping practices still remained a functional way of resolution of the disputes and conflicts at the Ossetians and Ingushs. This all demanded control of their activity from authorities in the region.

    pdf 16-24.pdf  (173 Kb)

  • Anbinder K.N.
    ADVERTISING AS THE HISTORICAL SOURCE OF STUDYING THE WAY OF GOODS ADVANCE BY BUSINESSMEN OF THE KUBAN REGION (THE END OF THE 19TH CENTURY–1914)

    In the paper, the author examines announcements in the Kuban newspapers, advertising in The Kuban Calendars, materials from the Public Archive of the Krasnodar Region and advertising from Funds of the Krasnodar State Historical Archaeological Memorial Estate named after Felitsyn as a historical source of studying the way of advance of goods and services by the Kuban businessmen at the end of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th centuries. The capitalist competition made advertising a key element of trade. Basing on the studied advertising material of the specified period, the author identifies branches of economy in which the competition was the sharpest.

    pdf 25-31.pdf  (165 Kb)

  • Apazheva S.S., Unezhev K.Kh., Zumakulov B.M., Mamsirov A.Kh.
    MODERN NORTH CAUCASIAN YOUTH: THE CHOICE PROBLEM BETWEEN TRADITION AND INNOVATIONS

    The relevance of a problem of research is related to the fact that a modern sociocultural problem of modernization of society is the question of correlation of tradition and an innovation. The complexity is, first of all, that their correlation and functions differently exist in various types of societies. The traditional cultures inherent in the people open for the outside world change under the influence of civilization factors. Ethnic consciousness of the people of the North Caucasus should be considered as the major factor of revival of traditional culture. Natural loss of separate elements of traditional culture led to the fact that only its basic elements revive, but not the entire cultural contour on the whole. An object of this research is the North Caucasian youth, its choice between tradition and innovations. According to the authors, in a combination of tradition and an innovation in different sociocultural systems in the traditional societies reproducing themselves on the basis of tradition there are innovations, but their action is supported in society only until they do not break tradition. Updating of a slogan of traditional culture revival among young people, aspiration to "revival" of traditional culture is a reaction to "the gaping emptiness" of inner world which was formed as a result of a certain course of history.

    pdf 32-42.pdf  (190 Kb)

  • Bgazhnokov B.Kh., Fomenko V.A., Tsoloev T.S., Kagazezhev B.S.
    MAKHSYMA IN TABLE ETIQUETTE OF CIRCASSIANS

    This work is dedicated to studying the place of the makhsyma intoxicating drink in table etiquette and in cultural history of Circassians. Parallels are drawn between Circassian makhsyma and the Indo-Iranian soma intoxicating drink. It is suggested that the origin of the name of makhsyma is from Sanskrit Machi-Sauma – "Great (divine) Soma". The publication examines in detail the use of makhsyma in traditional church services with the subsequent transferring of the eucharistic ceremony of taste of food and drink around in table etiquette of the Adyghes. Special attention is paid to the procedure of traditional collective meals and libations, to ceremonies of seating and washing of hands, to the movement of a bowl with drink around and to the verbal gestures and formulas accompanying this ritual. It is emphasized that the use of makhsyma sacred drink in life of Circassians has passed a long historical way and that this drink was and remains now the main truly national drink of Circassians.

    pdf 43-52.pdf  (170 Kb)

  • Begeulov R.M., Khatuev R.T.
    HIERARCHY AND THE STATUS OF MUSLIM CLERGY AT THE KUBAN MOUNTAINEERS (19TH CENTURY)

    The paper examines problems of hierarchy and social status of persons of the Muslim clergy in mountain societies of the Northwest Caucasus; status categories of clergy are given. The present research focuses the attention on the questions concerning the evolution of norms of career development of attendants of a cult, and the legal status of various layers of Muslim clergy and their descendants in society. Also the political status of clergymen in societies of the Kuban mountaineers is touched on.

    pdf 53-63.pdf  (185 Kb)

  • Grebennikov E.A.
    RUSSIAN-SPEAKING DIASPORA IN AZERBAIJAN (1991-1998): PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES

    The paper investigates various aspects of activity of Russian-speaking diaspora in the Azerbaijan Republic during the Post-Soviet period before the beginning of the new millennium. Its role and extent of participation in the compicated internal political processes happening in the Republic, as well as influence on the international relations between Azerbaijan and Russia are described. The publication shows stages of self-organization of the Russian-speaking population and interaction with Azerbaijani and other people in the course of formation of the new independent Republic in the first years of the Post-Soviet period.

    pdf 64-71.pdf  (210 Kb)

  • Gugova M.Kh., Nalchikova E.A., Tekueva M.A., Maremshaova I.I.
    DEATH PHENOMENON IN THE CAUCASIAN CULTURE: HISTORIOGRAPHY AND METHODOLOGY

    The category of death in the culture of the people of the Caucasus is the certain area of ethnic consciousness demanding special elucidation for reconstruction of objective ideas of the past. The paper presents the historiographic review of studying the phenomenon of death in the Caucasus literature. Authors offer to use modern approaches for new interpretations of mental principles and traditional practices of the Caucasian people concerning the death event. The critical analysis of historiographic material allows us to define borders of research interest of caucasiologists in death problem in ethnic culture and to outline the prospects of further scientific search.

    pdf 72-83.pdf  (196 Kb)

  • Dinaev R.A.
    DEVELOPMENT OF MOUNTAIN RESORT SETTLEMENTS IN KARACHAY-CHERKESSIA IN THE 1960S – THE EARLY 1980S

    The paper deals with the questions related to the formation and development of mountain resorts in the Karachay-Cherkess Autonomous Region during the designated chronological period. The main attention is paid to such resort settlements as Dombai and Arkhyz. The author describes the main actions of the party and Soviet bodies contributing to the rapid development and growth in popularity of these resorts which (especially Dombai) during a short period turned into the nationwide centers of mountaineering, mountain skiing and active recreation.

    pdf 84-91.pdf  (230 Kb)

  • Iznaurov A.S.
    PROBLEMS OF PRESERVATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE CONFLICTS

    The problem of preservation of the cultural monuments and museums in the conditions of the conflicts and civil wars represents one of the most relevant tasks of the international organizations of the UN system. The paper shows how the military operations performed by the USA and NATO in Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya negatively influenced preservation of cultural monuments. Importance of activities of UNESCO for protection of monuments of cultural heritage which were damaged during the conflicts or are on a disappearance side is especially distinguished. In this regard much attention in paper is paid to efforts of UNESCO in preservation of cultural heritage in Mali.

    pdf 92-99.pdf  (176 Kb)

  • Kazharov A.G.
    THE MOUNTAIN INTELLECTUALS ABOUT ETHNOPOLITICAL PROCESSES IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS: THE IDEAS, PROJECTS AND RESULTS OF NATIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION IN 1917-1918

    This paper analyzes views of leaders of the mountain intellectuals on ethnopolitical processes in the North Caucasus in 1917-1918. The February Revolution of 1917 has led to origin of the national movement in the region. Representatives of the mountain intellectuals proclaimed creation of the national political organization "Union of the Integrated Mountaineers of the North Caucasus and Daghestan" and convened a Mountain Congress at which fundamental documents were accepted: the Constitution, the Political Program and projects of various reforms which assumed also formation of autonomy of the mountain people as a part of future Russian Republic. After the October revolution of 1917 the position of the Union of the Integrated Mountaineers underwent cardinal changes that was expressed in declaration of the independent Mountain Republic in May, 1918. However, the lack of social support and the beginning of Civil War did not promote institutionalization of mountain statehood. Many representatives of the mountain intellectuals were forced to leave the historical homeland. In emigration they were actively engaged in elucidation of problems of ethnopolitical development of the mountain people during a revolutionary era. Studying their heritage is one of the major factors and conditions of an objective research of recent national and political processes in the North Caucasus.

    pdf 100-110.pdf  (189 Kb)

  • Kushkhabiev A.V., Nakov F.R.
    ON TRANSITION OF THE CIRCASSIAN FEUDAL ESTATES TO THE ARMS COMPLEX CREATED IN THE PEASANT ENVIRONMENT (THE END OF THE 17TH-THE EARLY 19TH CENTURIES)

    The paper analyzes problems of transition of the Circassian feudal estates to a peasant arms complex at the end of the 17th - the early 19th centuries. It has been found that acceptance by most of the Circassian feudal lords of the arms complex created or adapted in the peasant environment to certain types of fighting was caused by transition of considerable number of peasants to estates of not notable noblemen, by the educational system which had interclass character, as well as by change of arms and an armor at potential opponents of the Circassians.

    pdf 111-118.pdf  (175 Kb)

  • Melnikov N.N.
    METALLURGICAL PRODUCTION OF THE TANK INDUSTRY IN THE USSR UNDER CONDITIONS OF DEFICIENCY OF REFRACTORY MATERIALS (1941-1945)

    The paper shows the features of development of metallurgical production at the plants of the tank industry under conditions of deficiency of fire-resistant materials in days of the Great Patriotic War. The lack of refractory materials did not allow carrying out repair and overhaul of open-hearth furnaces up to standard that, in turn, prevented completion of construction of new capacities. This problem existed in a varying degree throughout all military years.

    pdf 119-126.pdf  (219 Kb)

  • Nalchikova E.A., Tekueva M.A., Musukaev A.I., Kagazezhev B.S.
    BEARD AND HAIR AS CULTURAL MARKERS IN TRADITIONS OF THE CAUCASIAN PEOPLE

    The relevance of the subject of the paper lies in need of expansion of the field of ethnographic researches by inclusion of poorly studied plots, unpopular in the Caucasus historiography. The aim of the paper is to analyze the cultural semantics expressed by appearance of men and women in the culture of the people of the North Caucasus, focusing attention on a beard and hair. Traditional culture has developed means for symbolical corporal designation of various status roles and expression of situational states. This information which is easily read out by members of society regulates their relationships, arranges surrounding space and places social, emotional and mental accents.

    pdf 127-137.pdf  (193 Kb)

  • Samokhin A.A., Pakhomov A.V.
    THE PRIZREN LEAGUE IN THE HISTORY OF ALBANIAN NATIONAL LIBERATION MOVEMENT

    The paper investigates the role of the Prizren League in formation of the Albanian national movement in the last quarter of the 19th century. Geopolitical changes in Southeast Europe after the end of the Russian-Turkish War have led to actualization of the Albanian question. Despite an attempt of the Albanian people to consolidate, implementation of the main objective of the Prizren League – to proclaim the independent Albanian state – was not succeeded. In the conclusion, the authors describe the socio-political consequences of activity of the Prizren League as the organizational structure of the national liberation movement of the Albanians.

    pdf 138-144.pdf  (130 Kb)

    Sociology

  • Arakelova E.V., Karelkin E.N.
    FEATURES OF SOCIOCULTURAL DETERMINATION OF YOUTH DEVIATIONS IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA

    The paper explores the major factors causing formation of asocial practices among young people of contemporary Russia. Also the theoretical analysis of the main methods of prevention of deviant behavior of youth is carried out.

    pdf 145-148.pdf  (111 Kb)

  • Bochkarev A.N.
    THE SOCIOCULTURAL AND STANDARD LEGAL CAPACITY OF THE IMAGE OF POLICE IN YOUTH CONSCIOUSNESS

    The paper deals with the sociocultural and standard legal capacity of an image of contemporary police in youth consciousness identified during sociologic research. An analysis is made to find out the level of youth awareness on legislatively established functions of police in society and the level of legal competence of the young Russians concerning powers and standard borders of activity of police officers. The main attention is paid to the analysis of a cognitive component of an image of police.

    pdf 149-160.pdf  (516 Kb)

  • Volkov Yu.G., Degtyarev A.K., Vodenko K.V.
    IMPLEMENTATIONS OF FOREIGN MODELS OF VALUE POLICY IN THE SPHERE OF THE INTERETHNIC RELATIONS IN RUSSIA: ASSESSMENT OF OPPORTUNITIES

    The main aim of the paper is to comprehend possibility assessments of implementation of foreign models of value policy in regulation sphere of the interethnic (international) relations in the Russian Federation. Authors come to a conclusion that foreign models of value policy are based on the multiculturalism project and can be introduced into the Strategy of national policy of the Russian Federation with the certain amendments corresponding to experience of cross-cultural interaction and the cultural civilization unity of the Russian society which is historically set. The carried-out analysis of positions of expert community on the basis of deep interviews results, first, in opportunity assessment of implementation of foreign models on the basis of state civil partnership. Secondly, with inclusion of representatives of civil society (NKA) in the status of participants it can be used to develop value policy at the regional and local levels. Thirdly, considering reproduction of model of "interethnic" actions as focused on certifying the law for ethnocultural development, the experts’ assessment, depending on belonging to groups of officials or "social activists", is based on the developed schemes of participation in the interethnic relations and shows differences in that the officials place emphasis on conformance with an official discourse, while social activists are in expectations of increasing the status in dialogue with power structures.

    pdf 161-169.pdf  (216 Kb)

  • Dyatlov A.V., Panfilova Yu.S., Pshegusova G.S., Gerasimov G.I.,
    THE INTERETHNIC RELATIONS IN THE MULTIETHNIC REGION: FEATURES OF PERCEPTION BY THE POPULATION (FROM MATERIALS OF THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA)

    In the paper, the results of the social research conducted in subjects of the North Caucasian and Southern federal districts were taken as a basis to show how the character of the interethnic relations in the south of Russia is reflected in public opinion of the population. The general situation in this sphere in the region under study is characterized by decrease in tension due to the interethnic relations. At the same time perception of people around in the categories of “their own” and "strangers" differing in ethnic characteristics is not overcome. In this regard the majority of the factors interviewed in rating causing interethnic tension nominate to the first place differences in mental programs, complexity of an economic situation, corruption in public authorities and their insufficient attention to the sphere of the interethnic relations.

    pdf 170-179.pdf  (248 Kb)

  • Ilyinova N.A., Kukva E.S., Nekhay V.N., Makeev S.V., Khachetsukov Z.M., Shadzhe A.Yu.
    THE 1917 OCTOBER REVOLUTION IN ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS

    Results of sociological research of historical memory of students are presented in the paper.The authors analyze features of perception by students of historical events of the 1917 October Revolution in Russia, as well as their assessment of socio-political, ideological and economic effects of revolution. The research has demostrated that historical consciousness of young people did not change and remains at low level. Need to use heuristic opportunities of historical memory for education of the patriotic citizen is proved.

    pdf 180-196.pdf  (2 Mb)

  • Kalashaova D.A., Delova L.A.
    REPRODUCTIVE PRINCIPLES OF INHABITANTS OF THE ADYGHEA REPUBLIC: SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

    The paper presents the results of the sociological survey conducted in the Adyghea Republic for the purpose of studying reproductive principles of inhabitants of the Republic and the reasons causing reproductive behavior at the present stage. The conclusion is drawn that the measures of population policy taken in 2017 will become a factor of an exit of regional society from demographic crisis.

    pdf 197-201.pdf  (493 Kb)

  • Kashin O.V.
    SOCIAL PHENOMENOLOGICAL FACTORS OF THE RESEARCH OF THE SOCIAL RELATIONS IN THE RUSSIAN ARMED FORCES. FOSTERING PATRIOTISM

    The Russian army is in a condition of deep crisis that is expressed in development of the illegal relations, the high level of corruption and formation of negative ideas of army in public opinion. As a result, the negative stereotypes connected with military service become widespread. These stereotypes lead to deformation of system of the social relations that mark the new round of crisis tendencies in the Russian army and in society on the whole. The present paper deals with the main negative tendencies connected with relaying social problems of institute of army. Also the publication examines factors of impact on a situation and, in particular, alternatives of widely spread negative tendencies of public consciousness. Among them is adequate informing the population on positive shifts in functioning of institute of army and formation of patriotic views both among the military personnel and among future recruits.

    pdf 202-207.pdf  (202 Kb)

  • Lubsky A.V., Serikov A.V., Stukalova D.N.
    FORMAL AND INFORMAL PRACTICES OF CONTROL OF THE MIGRATION FLOW CONFLICT POTENTIAL IN LOCAL COMMUNITIES

    The paper analyzes the mechanisms and resources of control of the conflicts arising in local communities because of migration. Authors consider formal and informal practices of control of the conflictogenic potential. Much attention in work is paid to studying similar experience and theoretical works in this direction. Administrative practices here are understood as the activity of subjects of the state and municipal authority directed to decreasing the conflictogenic potential of migration flows in local communities. Authors pay special attention to experience of Germany in the sphere of settlement of the conflicts between migrants and the accepting population.

    pdf 208-219.pdf  (194 Kb)

  • Nuskhaeva B.B.
    RELIGIOUSNESS OF THE POPULATION OF KALMYKIA IN CONTEMPORARY RESEARCHES

    The paper discusses researches on religiousness of the population of Kalmykia and results of the author’s own research conducted in 2017. The author comes to a conclusion that the religious identity is defined by ethnic origin and acts as an "ethnicity marker". On the basis of results of poll the author shows the ratio of believers and non-believers, use of religious attributes in contemporary life and features of religious behavior of the population of Kalmykia.

    pdf 220-224.pdf  (184 Kb)

  • Svirovsky D.N.
    PRACTICE OF FORMATION OF FRONTIER GUARDS’ EXTREME SUBCULTURE

    The paper describes practical formation of qualities of frontier guards in the extreme fighting situations. Such quality is the ability to adequate actions in the conditions of sudden fight, readiness for it and others. Qualities of frontier guards grow from the developed extreme subculture and are its basis. They are formed by purposeful influence on the personality during vocational training of frontier guards and in actual practice of daily service. The publication emphasizes importance of social influence and the role of the formal and informal leader of frontier divisions.

    pdf 225-229.pdf  (117 Kb)

  • Serikov A.V., Bedrik A.V., Zaitseva A.A.
    SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF ETHNIC DIASPORAS IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA: STATE AND INTEGRATION

    The paper analyzes the social structure of ethnic diasporas in the South of Russia, determines extent of their ethnosocial differentiation, and defines the role of ethnic leaders in mobilization of members of diaspora community. Emergence of subdiaspora components in structure of community can cause the objective need for an institutionalization of new national and cultural associations that serve the interests of preservation and development of culture, as well as ensuring loyalty of group, legitimacy of its leader and his ability to represent the ethnic interests before institutes of the power. Questions of diaspora segmentation into long-term resident and migration components, as well as a problem of the diaspora outcasts are examined.

    pdf 230-237.pdf  (171 Kb)

  • Sorokin S.A.
    SOCIOCULTURAL FACTORS OF FORMATION OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN ARMY

    The paper explores prevention of deviations in Armed Forces of contemporary Russia, as well as the major factors determining this phenomenon among the military personnel. In work, the author focuses attention on specifics of influence of the social environment, level of efficiency of early socialization of the personality of the individual to success of his adaptation under conditions of military service.

    pdf 238-241.pdf  (189 Kb)

  • Trukhanovich D.S.
    NIHILISM OF THE PUBLIC CIVIL SERVANTS AS DEVIATION: THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS

    In the present paper the author proves a need to study nihilism of the public civil servants as one of deviations in public service. For this purpose the theoretical analysis is carried out of such theoretical constructions as "nihilism", "deviation", "anomaly" and "deviant behavior". Also to prove his position the author brings results of socialogical research concerning nihilism in public service during which the opinion of respondents was studied. Respondents were the full age citizens of the Russian Federation who are living or temporarily arriving in the Rostov region.

    pdf 242-250.pdf  (454 Kb)

  • Khachetsukov Z.M., Afasizhev T.I.
    REGULATION OF ETHNOSOCIAL PROCESSES: SOCIAL PRACTICES IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

    The paper discusses the regulation of ethnosocial processes at the level of daily social practices and the role of expert community in the solution of problems of interethnic tension in the multiethnic region. The publication examines the main directions of scientific elucidation of ethnosocial processes in the south of Russia and formulates points of growth of regulation of interethnic tension in contemporary composite society.

    pdf 251-257.pdf  (165 Kb)

  • Ebzeeva Yu.N., Karabulatova I.S.
    NEW ASPECTS OF THE RESEARCH OF COMMUNICATION IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL NETWORKS

    The modern linguistic security means, first of all, ensuring national security by means of language [1, 2, 3] that, eventually, provides linguistic prevention of the social conflicts and deviant behavior [4, 5]. Problem aspects of communication in modern social networks reflect, first of all, the modern transcultural conflicts which find the fullest realization in an electronic digital discourse where the word becomes a multidimensional holographic image of this or that concept and/or object. Such positioning gives the chance to search for new ways of motivation to verbalizing word as such.

    pdf 258-267.pdf  (214 Kb)

    Culturology

  • Andreev E.A., Tuzovsky I.D.
    THE GEEK - GLEM- AND ZERO CULTURES AS SUPERSUBCULTURES OF THE DIGITAL ERA

    Authors consider transformation of subcultures in modern society. Their essence and development specifics change in connection with megatrends of global information society. Authors note that small subcultural groups were integrated into composite associations which receive the name of supersubculture. The paper gives the developed portrait of the geek culture as a supersubculture; its main lines are distinguished, and comparison is carried out with the glem-culture.

    pdf 268-273.pdf  (445 Kb)

  • Pocheshkhov N.A.
    MATERIALS OF THE ALL-RUSSIAN SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE: "GREAT RUSSIAN REVOLUTION: FORMATION OF HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS". MAIKOP, OCTOBER 12-13, 2017

    The 1917 Revolution has become the significant socio-political phenomenon in life of the world community and the Russian state which changed the global geostrategic system. Due to the need of elucidation of historical heritage of the 1917 revolutionary events, the Adyghe State University organized and held the All-Russian conference at which formation of historical consciousness in the context of revolutionary processes of the beginning of the 20th century were discussed.

    pdf 274-298.pdf  (300 Kb)