#4 / 2015
Imagination and ideal of intelligence in classical science
The paper deals with the research on internal contradictions in shaping an ideal of informative intelligence in a classical scientific picture of the world of Modern times. Need of allocating an abstraction of the pure conceiving subject and spatial-temporal object of knowledge has led to impossibility of justification of reliability of such knowledge experience. Pure consciousness closed in itself and absolutely opposite geometrized object annihilated possibility of coming in between general and single as basis to establish the law. Settlement of this contradiction proved to be possible only on the way of widening the borders of consciousness due to revaluation of a role and essence of imagination (in Hume’s philosophy).
I.G. Paliy, O.A. Kovalenko
Modernism and Russian national consciousness in the early 20th century
The paper explores the phenomenon of a modernism and its influence on universal and Russian thought, as well as on spiritual and cultural space of Europe and Russia.
Conceptual foundations to study identity
The author of this paper compares the existing methods, develops them and justifies the need for a holistic analysis of the sociocultural and psychological factors of identification of personality. The author elaborates the content of "I-factor," "We-factor" and "They-factor" identity, shows their relationship and offers their own forms of identical gradation depending on person, making the identification matrix and representatives of a group as their "own". It is emphasized that at the first identification stage the most important is affective component, then cognitive and connotative. As a result, the author underlines the humanistic value and the need to ensure freedom of identification choice at the state level.
The Kalmyk steppe of the Astrakhan province in the 1770-1790s (administration system)
The paper discusses the policy pursued by the Russian State concerning the Kalmyk Khanate in the last third of the 18th century. On the basis of archival materials, the author shows changes in an administration system of the Kalmyk steppe of the Astrakhan province during the declared period. Control made by special figures at the Kalmyk Khan turns into the harmonously developed system of public administration by the Kalmyk steppe: a district police. Thus, the Russian government strengthened its power and influence by increasing the bureaucratic principles in the subject administering. Involvement of the Kalmyk steppe in social, political and economic space of the Russian Empire is noted. This was promoted by such objective factors as geopolitical broadening of borders of the empire and accession of a number of regions of the North Caucasus and part of the Kazakh hordes, development of new capitalist way of life, the beginning of active development of the southeast part of the country and retraction of the Kalmyk steppe of the Astrakhan province in the Russian market. Transformation of the territory of the Kalmyk camps of nomads into the internal region of Russia promoted removal of military tension and led to the termination of Kalmyk military force mobilization.
Military intervention as factor of the international relations
The paper is dedicated to problems of military intervention of the USA and NATO countries in affairs of the sovereign states on the basis of materials of Iraq, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Libya and Syria.
From history of the "Berlin-Brandenburg" Association of the Russian Germans in Germany (the late 20th century - early 21st century)
The paper discusses the questions related to the concept "late immigrants" (the Russian Germans who moved to Germany since 1950), their integration into the German society, an association of "the Russian Germans" from Berlin, the help to immigrants, cultural and information exchange between the Russian Germans and the German society.
N.Kh. Khamaeva, A.D. Elmurzaeva
Traditional family and ceremonial poetry of Kumyks and preservation of the native language
The paper deals with the traditional family and ceremonial poetry as one of the means of preservation of the native language in modern time. During the era of the comprehensive globalization, modernization, urbanization and other processes leading to oblivion of the national and cultural, ethnodifferentiating and ethnocultural from life of the people, first of all of native language, the address to family and ceremonial poetry is needed to preserve and develop ethnic communities, which gradually and steadily lose their national and cultural shape.
Geopolitical and ethnocultural reasons for involvement of the Northern Black Sea Coast’s population in the Egyptian Mamluk mobilization system
The paper clears up the major geographical, political and cultural factors which influenced large population involvement in the Egyptian Mamluk mobilization system. In the middle of the 13th century, as a result of the Mongol gain, emergence of the Mamluk Sultanate and sailing the Black Sea basin by Italians, the main actors of large-scale slave traffic were defined. The Horde ruling elite and the Circassian nobility promoted growth of a slave trade. With coming to power in Cairo of group of the Circassian Mamluks, replenishment of Mamluk army became isolated in "the Circassian circle": as the first sellers were the Circassian princes and the last buyers were representatives of Circassian Mamluk ruling layer in Cairo where the leading role often belonged to representatives of the feudal aristocracy of Circassia.
Little-known pages of the Great Patriotic War
The paper describes one of little-known events of the Great Patriotic War of 1941 - 1945, namely operation on destruction of "the Demyansky Copper". The author focuses attention on the territory, formed thanks to break-through of the German troops to "the Demyansky Copper" which received the name "Ramushevsky Corridor", as well as on attempts of the Soviet troops to destroy it during 1942 – January, 1943. In the author’s opinion, leaders of the Soviet troops did not have enough experience because of which a number of tactical mistakes were made which did not allow them to liquidate during the specified period "the Ramushevsky Corridor". Despite that it is possible to note also some progress. In spite of the fact that during fights around "the Ramushevsky Corridor" more than 90 thousand of German and 120 thousand of Soviet soldiers were killed, now this is one of almost forgotten pages of history of the Great Patriotic War.
T.I. Afasizhev, K.M. Gozhev
On destructive activity phenomenon
The paper presents the reflection about the destructive processes gaining "activity" for various reasons and being transformed to negative phenomena of the social environment.
S.A. Berzegova, I.I. Imgrunt
Legal culture of office employees in the context of legislation changes defining work of public service during the modern period
The paper discusses the reforming of public service, the difficult, multiaspectal process affecting comprehensive renewal of government. Regulation of public service activity is carried out, first of all, by means of the legal legislation. In this research an attempt is undertaken to trace the dynamics of legal culture of office employees, both by means of empirical researches, and by means of the analysis of recent changes in laws on public service.
A.N. Gostev, S.S. Demidova, V.B. Bokareva, S.M. Sakovich,
Motivation of administrative board of production companies to optimize public management
Following the results of research on empirical base of five production companies, we justify that the sustainable development of these organizations is impossible without activization of public management. Traditions of the Soviet production which remained in consciousness of the population still motivate it to participate in production management, but this potential is not used in practice. Difficulties in motivation of administrative board to optimize public management are due to: dissociation of administrative system staff; tendency of part of the administration to fast personal enrichment; an insufficient level of development at it of creative competences; complicated interactions and relationships with the personnel; incomplete knowledge of moods and opinions of the personnel, etc. The main ways of motivation of an administrative board to optimize public management are proved to be: creation of regulatory base about a duty of an administrative board to establish business relationship with the personnel in development and implementation of administrative solutions; increase in level of administrative responsibility for preventing activity of public control forces; a standard legal regulation of publicity in acceptance of administrative decisions; and expansion of powers (as the stimulating factor) in control activity of formal (the government organizations) and informal (public organizations, political parties and other institutes of civil society) structures.
Management of migratory streams in the USA: policy of decrease of conflictogenic potential
This paper contains the analysis of migration policy in the United States of America which is divergent. The author draws a conclusion that three models of migration are created in the context of decrease of the conflictogenic potential. Of them any cannot be presented as effective, but at the same time, according to policy of multiculturalism, requirements raise for ethnic groups to participate as informal subjects of migration policy.
Educational migration and the problem of "brain drain" in Africa (as shown by Nigeria)
The paper deals with the character and tendencies in changes of educational migration in Africa, one of the components of which is "brain drain". The reasons and factors influencing making decision on migration are studied. Measures of a state policy focused on the prevention and decrease in scales of emigration of highly qualified experts, scientists, teachers and students are examined on the basis of materials of brain drain at Nigerian universities.
D.A. Kartavtsev, A.Yu. Konischev
Sociocultural characteristics of social competence of law enforcement agencies in modern Russia
The paper presents the analysis of sociocultural features of perception by citizens of representatives of law enforcement agencies in Russia. Also the authors present researches on influence of illegal behavior of representatives of right security structures on positive perception by society of this system in general.
Intergenerational mobility in Russian modern society: critical analysis of results of sociological researches
The present paper examines the results of foreign and nationaol sociological researches on intergenerational mobility in Russian modern society. The author allocates the main aspects of this process which have become a subject of cognitive interest of sociologists: conditions, factors, strategy and tendencies in intergenerational mobility (at macro - and micro levels). The author shows that among researchers there are no unambiguous conclusions about specifics of this process in modern Russia, as well as cognitive lacunas are available. This allows creation of a problem field of further sociological researches on this subject.
Identification processes in Russia and corruption
This paper explores the influence of corruption and its displays on identification processes. The author demonstrates that corruption in structure of the ethnoconfessional processes has high risk potential not only in social, economic and political life of the state, but also in the spiritual activity of society.
The Russian army during an era of sociocultural transformations
The paper explores specifics of influence of market reforms at the late 20th century - early 21st century on transformation of the sociocultural status of the Russian armed forces. The author considers influence of "market" ideology to be one of the main factors of decreasing the role of army in the general structure of civil law understanding.
Behavior deviations in a sociological research paradigm
In this paper the author examines specifics of the scientific approaches explaining strengthening the dynamics of development of deviant practices in a sociological research paradigm. The work presents the analysis of scientific experiment on deviation from behavior standards in the context of sociocultural approach.
Legal regulation of foreign investments in France
The paper discloses the features of legal regulation of foreign investments in France at the present stage. Three modes of regulation in the French legislation on foreign investments are examined.
Importance of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation as body of the political power
The paper examines the activity of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation as the body of the political power. Importance of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation in the course of decision-making is considered. Disputable aspects of activity of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation are reflected.
On formation of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation
The paper is dedicated to formation of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation during political and social crises at the beginning of the 1990s. The work uncovers a special place of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation possessing a number of specific functions and powers.
Problems of the prevention of the crimes committed under conditions of natural disasters and technogenic catastrophes
In the paper, an analysis is made of the prevention of the crimes committed in the conditions of natural disasters and technogenic catastrophes. General social and special criminological measures of the prevention of crimes, their difference and problems are disclosed.
Specification of the concept of fiducial legal relationships in basic branches of the law
This paper discloses specification of the concept of fiducial legal relationships in basic branches of the law. Against studying the fiducial legal relationships, various branches of the law (corporate law; family law; and labor law) are implemented in civil law.
Concept of imaginary defense in the Russian criminal law
In this paper, an interpretation is given of a concept of imaginary defense in the Russian criminal law. Correlations of the concepts of "imaginary defense" and "necessary defense", as well as “a deliberate crime” and “a careless crime” categories are investigated.
E.A. Parasyuk, I.K. Shaov
Social partnership as a principle of interaction of civil society and state
The paper discusses the questions of process of an institutionalization and coordination of civil society and state through institute of social partnership which becomes an integral part of modern Russian reality. The conclusion is drawn that now in Russia the positions of civil society are strengthening. New subjects of the public and state partnership appear.
Correlation of possessory protection and proprietary ways of the rights protection
The paper deals with correlation of possessory protection and proprietary ways of protection of the rights. The author underlines that possessory protection of the actual possession cannot be applied as a way of proprietary protection and proposes to fix provisions on possession forms – direct and indirect – in standards of the civil legislation.
On enforcing the judgements of the Constitutional (Authorized) Courts of the Russian Federation subjects
The paper deals with the problems of enforcing the judgements of the Constitutional (Authorized) Courts of subjects of the Russian Federation. The author emphasizes urgency of these problems and considers criteria for efficiency of enforcement of these judgements. The conclusion is drawn that in order to optimize activity of the Constitutional (Authorized) Courts of subjects of the Russian Federation it is necessary to create in a legislative order the mechanism on control of observance of an execution of requirements and decisions of the Constitutional (Authorized) Court by government bodies and other legal entities.
Specific features of adoption in the legislation of Japan and China
In the paper, an analysis is made of specific features of adoption in the legislation of Japan and China. Ways of adoption in Japan are disclosed. Restrictions and features of procedure of adoption in China are examined.
On concept and importance of the principles of criminal legal proceedings
In the paper, an analysis is made of some principles of criminal legal proceedings. The author discloses the importance of the principles of criminal legal proceedings, specifies their degree at various production phases and displays a place of each specified principle in criminal legal proceedings.
Political and legal concept of cultural and national autonomy of "the 1905 generation"
In the paper, the author analyzes and reconstructs the process of origin of the "1905 generation" movement. The close attention is paid to conceptual political and legal autonomic ideas and implementation of the movement of a cultural and national autonomy in the Crimea at the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries.
Abstracts of Monographs
Review of the monograph “Kurds of Adyghea” /Editor-in-Chief and Head of the scientific project A.N. Sokolova; Eds. A.Yu. Shadzhe, Z.A. Zhade. – Maikop: Kachestvo Publisher, 2015. – 204 pp.
The monograph "Kurds of Adyghea" written by a group of authors under the leadership of the famous Maikop ethnologist A.N. Sokolova including Professor A.Yu. Shadzhe, Professor Z.A. Zhade, Associate Professor M.A. Eshev, A.N Shapovalenko, etc. is the complex description of the main manifestations of social life and culture of the Kurds, who are compactly living in the Krasnogvardeisky district of the Republic of Adyghea, in the context of their relations with the old residents.