#1 / 2015
Nation state, nation and ethnos in the context of globalization: the socio-philosophical analysis
This paper considers the prospects for the existence and evolution of nations
and nation states in the context of globalization.
The dialectical character of the formation of globalization, nations and nationalism
in history and modern era is emphasized. The question of the future of a nation and nation state
in a globalizing world is considered. It has been found that to date there is no supranational
institutions capable of performing all the functions of the nation state. The need for strong
governmental power remains. The process of formation of political nations in the world today
is not completed yet. Nationalism serves as the trend opposite to westernization. Formation
of political nations in non-western societies will contribute to the elaboration of national
development strategies based on their own socio-cultural patterns.
Global transformations and trends of internetization
Globalization is a modern stage in the evolution of the biosphere
and noospherogenesis. The nature of global transformations reflects the key features of the
current stage of socio-cultural development which is determined by the course of planetary
information. High-tech communication is the most important factor of noospherogenesis.
The purpose of the article is to show direct correlation between the exponential expansion
of the infosphere and globalization. The general idea of the present work can be formulated
in such a way: placing the theme of planetary mobilization in the context of globalization.
The main topic of the paper is a comprehensive analysis of the interaction of information
technologies and globalized communication. Intellectual contribution of the author consists
in the analysis of global trends of internetization and high-tech communications as factors
of accelerating planetary transformation.
Interdisciplinarity as characteristic of human cognition in the concept of L.N. Gumilev
The paper discusses such characteristic of modern cognition as interdisciplinarity.
An analysis is made of multidisciplinary concept of L.N. Gumilev, who considers synthesis
of human and natural knowledge as a necessary component of history as a science.
Photography and visual perception
The paper considers the phenomenon of visual perception of photographs
at interdisciplinary level and in the context of socio-philosophical problems of the relationship
between reality and images. Based on the ecological approach towards visual perception the
basic laws of image sensing are formulated. It is shown that there are no photographs in the
projective relationship with the object they represent, and may be designed in accordance
with the method of vision of society. On these grounds, the conclusion is made about the
possibility of using photography as the theoretical tool to analyze social structures.
Development of military-political cooperation of Great Britain and the United States within the framework of policy in the Middle East in the early 21st century
The paper discusses the military and political cooperation between the United
States and Great Britain in the Middle East, as well as the preconditions of the acceptance
of the doctrine of preventive war by Washington. Actions of Great Britain in support
of the United States initiatives are disclosed. It is shown that the war in Iraq in 2003 clearly
illustrated the essence of a special relationship between the United States and Great Britain.
Substantial aspects of Crimean-Daghestanian relations in the 15th-18th centuries
The paper is devoted to the relationships of the Crimean Khanate and the feudal
lords of the Northeast Caucasus in the 15th-18th centuries. The paper analyzes military
cooperation and conflicts in different periods of history. In particular, an analysis is made
of the role of Daghestan as the refuge place for disgraced Crimean princes, Daghestani service
in the army of the Crimean khans and involvement of the Caucasus and Crimea feudal elites
in various military-political alliances.
Ethnic Geography of the South Cherkessia in the late Middle Ages
In the late Middle Ages, there were rather complicated ethnic processes
in South Cherkessia. The process of confusion of old and the formation of new ethnic
groups took place. These processes require additional research, which leads to the relevance
of the topic of the paper. Basing on materials of medieval chronicles, studies of domestic
and foreign authors, this work investigates ethnoterritorial processes which took place in
Istparts of the Kuban and Adyghea: historiographical analysis
The paper discusses the historiographical tradition in the study of history
and the role of Istparts of the Kuban and Adyghea, which retains currently its controversial
nature. It was concluded that most works were carried out in the Soviet period in the historical
and party key, and modern historical literature since the early 1990s till present time
is characterized by conceptual changes in the study of history, seeking new bases of analysis
of the history of Russia, the formation of a new paradigm of historical knowledge.
English Puritanism in the works of V.V. Stockmar
The paper considers the Puritan movement in England through the
prism of the works of outstanding Russian mediaevalist V.V. Stockmar. The relevance
of the research is determined by the need of studying the National Historiography in the area
of the Reformation in England.
Registration of Christian groups in Karachay-Cherkessia in the 1920s: (from archival materials)
The paper is devoted to the problem of registration of Christian groups
on the territory of Karachay-Cherkessia in the 1920s. Studies of archival materials reveal
the political situation and the attitude of the Soviet government towards religious organizations
of that time.
On preservation of the Circassian (Adyghe) language in the environment of the Circassian Mamluks
There is a significant amount of information in the Mamluk and European
sources about the political and cultural ties of Circassia with the Mamluk Egypt. Circassian
Mamluks strove to preserve their own language and customs, and the elite sent their sons
to grow up in Circassia. Ibn Tagri Birdie has preserved for us the nickname of Sultan Barquq
in the Adyghe language — Malihuk, meaning «son of a shepherd».
Place of Cherkessia in politics of the Great Britain after the conclusion of the Unkiar Skelessi Treaty in 1833
This paper considers issues related to the inclusion of the territory
of Circassia in the sphere of British interests in the East. The activity of the British embassy
in Constantinople, and the reaction of the official London to conclusion of the Unkiar-Skelessi
Treaty, and strengthening of the positions of Russia on the Black Sea have been analyzed.
North-Caucasian trade unions in social and industrial sphere in the 1930s
This paper discusses the activities of North-Caucasian trade unions
in strengthening labor discipline, the formation of the Soviet system of collective farm trade,
the fight against homelessness and crime, pension system, and the formation of a new life
in a mobilization model of the society development. It is inferred that the trade unions are
subordinated to the state machine and lose their independence.
New conditions and characteristic features of the culture in modern Republic of Adyghea
The paper examines the new conditions and characteristic features of the
culture in the Republic of Adyghea at the present stage. This process can be traced through
the development of education, science, literature, art and institutions of cultural and leisure
Sociological measurements of students’ attitude towards advertising: problem statement
This paper concentrates on the results of the opinion of sociological poll among
students, study of their views on the Russian advertising and social advertising in the Republic
of Adyghea. The author shows specificity of attitude of students of the Republic towards
social advertising: the importance of the issue under study, in which social advertising has an
important role in the socialization of society and solving social problems.
Building up culture of tolerance among students in the context of intercultural communication
In this paper the author notes acquired nature of the culture of tolerance.
The attention is concentrated on the relatively recent history of the scientific study of the
culture of tolerance in Russia. The importance of the culture of tolerance in intercultural
communication is indicated. Various scientific approaches to the characteristic of the
problematic field of the culture of tolerance are discussed. The author proves the necessity
of creating a culture of tolerance for the feasibility of intercultural dialogue.
Public opinion of the Russians on the activities of the Internal Affairs Bodies (from the materials of Republic of Adyghea)
The paper presents the results of a pilot survey held in the Republic of Adyghea
in order to ascertain public opinion of citizens of the Republic on the activities of the various
police units. The comparative analysis is carried out with data obtained by VTsIOM and the
Levada Center in 2012-2014.
The socio-cultural specificity of professional socialization in the process of obtaining higher education in the system of internal affairs
This paper is dedicated to the study of mutual legal socialization of young
specialists of law enforcement sphere and the process of the development of their professional
identity. On the basis of theoretical analysis, the formation of socio-cultural status of young
specialists of law enforcement sphere, as well as the influence of legal education on the
formation of their cultural and legal mentality are studied.
External labor migration and competition in the Russian labor market
In this paper, the author raises a burning question of competition between
external labor migrants and indigenous people in the labor market of the Russian Federation.
The attention is drawn to the contradictory points of view regarding the competition
of migrants and Russian citizens in the labor market. Main factors providing the opportunity
or the virtual absence of labor competition of foreign migrants and Russian citizens in the
Russian labor market are identified and analyzed
Assessment of professional competence of the Russian youth in today’s labor market and vocational and labor relations
In this paper, the author evaluates the level of professional competence of the
Russian youth in innovative society from the perspective of the cognitive-developing paradigm
of education and regulations of activist sociological paradigm of criteria of professional
competence based on the understanding of the professional as an actor of social action.
Communicative task of conviction in intercultural communication
The paper discusses communicative tasks in the process of intercultural
communication. Attention is paid to one of the most important communicative tasks —
the task of conviction.
Innovative technologies in the prevention of deviant behavior among young people in the region (the Republic of Adyghea as an example)
The paper concentrates on the problem of deviant behavior among young
people in the region, which is directed at preserving and improving the health of the younger
generation, citizen involvement in regular physical culture and sports activities, especially
young people of Republic of Adyghea.
The comparative analysis of the dual form of education in Germany and Russia
In the present paper the author studies the content of the dual form
of education in Germany and Russia. This paper presents comparative analysis of the content
of the dual form of education in Germany and Russia. The aim of this work is the identification
and verification of the concept of the dual form of education in Germany and the possibilitis
of using its elements in the higher educational institutions of Russia.
Interaction of institute of higher vocational education and the labor market in modern Russian society (the Krasnodar Territory as an example)
One of the pressing problems of the modern Russian society is the problem
of interaction between the institutions of higher education and labor market, and also the
change of the requirements for employed specialists. Transformation processes of contemporary
Russian society generate new demands of employers to specialists while employing.
Today, an employer while employing, pays attention not only to the professional competence
of a specialist, but also to the universal competence of an individual. This paper analyzes the
results of sociological research aimed at studying the requirements of employers to specialists
and also the study of the interaction model of labor market and the institution of higher
education (FSBEI HPE «Kuban State University od Technology» as an example). It is important
to identify the criteria that determine the successful employment of graduates since this
indicator is one of the main factors in the choice of university undergraduate applicants. This
case study will help the university administration to improve interaction with employers and
prepare competitive specialists in the labor market.
Social partnership in the sociocultural sphere: the context of project activity in the municipality
The paper discusses a model of social partnership based on an analysis
of the results of project activity in sociocultural sphere of Rakityansky region. The concepts
of social partnership in the context of sociocultural development were clarified.
M.Z. Abesalashvili, L.N. Burkova, S.M. Tutarischeva
Protection of nonpecuniary rights and compensation of moral damages: International and Russian Experience
The paper studies the norms regulating personal nonpecuniary rights
in legislations of different countries. In these rules there is a clear adherence to the
fundamental principles enshrined in international human right instruments, which determine the possibility of unification of legal regulation of that field of public relations. Examples
of international experience offer effective approaches to compensation of moral damages in
case of violation of nonpecuniary rights.
S.G. Dzybova, E.A. Parasyuk
On the appreciation of human rights in modern theory of state and law
The paper analyzes the concept of human rights in terms of the theory of
state and law. Approaches are comprehended to allocation of generations of human rights
of a person and citizen. Reasons for their classification are studied.
Assessment of the admissibility of evidences in terms of appropriate subjects for their obtainment in criminal matters
This paper considers one of the problematic issues in the theory of criminal
procedure, namely: assessment of admissibility of evidence in terms of appropriate subjects
for their preparation in criminal matters.
Criminal behavior of juveniles and young people: the theory of matter
In this paper, the author analyzes the existing theoretical and methodological
approaches to the problem of illegal behavior of citizens belonging to the category of under
age and young people. The author considers the subject of study as the phenomenon of the
integrative, interdisciplinary nature.
Gnoseological foundations of legal concepts in the space of protection of honor and dignity
The paper examines the gnoseological (gnosis-knowledge) roots of the legal
concepts of honor, dignity and business reputation by using historical paradigms. The author
traces the gnoseological roots which are present in the first Russian legal act «The Russian
Truth». Simultaneously, a certain historical, cultural and legal succession of the definitions
under study is noted.
The correlation of «objective» and «legal» truth in criminal trial of Russia
This paper considers the main stages in the development of the principle
of establishing objective truth in the criminal case of the criminal trial of Russia. Examples
of specific rules of criminal procedure legislation are used to justify the thesis that the
requirement to establish the objective truth of the case is typical of domestic criminal
proceedings. The correlation between the concepts «objective» and «legal» truth is studied.
Analysis of determination and procedure of levying navigation and environmental charges in the seaport of Novorossiysk
The paper considers such types of port charges as navigational and environmental.
Legal basis for the activities of the administration of the port and the procedure for charging
port charges are determined. Those bodies are identified that are entitled to levy a charge
on vessels, as well as the organization of the provision of navigation services by Azov-Black
Sea basin branch «Rosmorport». The peculiarities of collection of environmental charges
in the sea port of Novorossiysk are defined. The source of the financing of the sea port
infrastructure and public authorities activities ensuring the safety of navigation in the sea
port of Novorossiysk is a port tax. The main problem of levying port charges is the lack
of a clear procedure for their calculation.
Fine arts as ethnocultural phenomenon
The paper is concerned with the peculiarities of the development of the fine arts
in a multiethnic community. It touches upon the issue of the implementation and preservation
of the ethnic element in painting and sculpture in close contact with different ethnic cultures
to maintain and develop features of ethnoart thinking. Ethnic function of art is outlined.
The issue is discussed on the material of the artistic culture of Karachay-Cherkessia.
Ethnic concept of the Adyghe folklore through the prism of spiritual songs
Features of the formation of ethnic concept of the Adyghes by singing are
considered in the paper. It is proved that spiritual songs reflecting the religious content
of traditional culture of the Adyghe ethnos, symbolically construct a complete picture
of the world binding still poorly differentiated syncretic unity of unconsciously poetic