#3 / 2015
IMAGINATION AND RELIABILITY OF SUBJECTIVE EXPERIENCE IN HUME’S PHILOSOPHY
The paper studies “turn to imagination”, which is the main content
of the theory of knowledge of the Scottish philosopher of the age of Enlightenment
D. Hume. Arguments of the thinker are analyzed against Cartesian mechanistic
model of a universum and knowledge which in development of a classical scientific
picture of the world reached a deadlock. The paper proves that Hume’s sceptical
conclusions concerning possibility of ingenuous experience of single consciousness
and the geometrized homogeneous world, contrasting with it, are reasonable. The
imagination is considered as a method of an institutionalization of an ingenuous link
between consciousness and the world, objectivized in the category “causality”.
V.P. Kapets, S.V. Makeev, O.V. Kapets
Anthropology of the "Underground" Man (from material of the novella by F.M. Dostoyevsky "Notes from Underground")
The paper shows that ideas of F.M. Dostoyevsky are important for the Russian culture in general and for the Russian philosophy in particular. It is emphasized that there is a possibility to create the anthropology of the "underground" man on the basis of work "Notes from Underground". The authors propose the methodology of the analysis of the nature of the "underground" man and show place of Notes in F.M Dostoyevsky's creativity and in creation of anthropology of the "underground" man.
E.A. Sergodeeva, E.Yu. Misñhenko
Sociocultural reality of a consumer society
The paper discusses the sociocultural reality of a consumer society as society of post-modernist type in which consumption of bulk of the population acts as a key component of reproduction of the person and society in general. The conclusion is drawn that the reality of a consumer society is connected with emergence of new qualities of social life, such as technological changes, globalization, flexible forms of work, new consumer practices, and the mediatization resulting in abundance of visual images.
Values of the higher education in the pragmatic context
The paper focuses upon a hot topic of formation of value orientations of the Russian education in the context of a sustainable development and strengthening the influence of pragmatism. The author proves the idea of preservation of national traditions of education taking into account experience in pragmatical pedagogics. The paper analyzes the purposes of education of the personality of the student on the basis of educational standards, the achievement of which is a condition of effective reforming the Russian education.
Legal, social and economic effects of disfranchisement of part of Karachays in the Karachay area (1926-1936)
The paper describes the transformation process of the social status of the residents of the Karachay Autonomous Region deprived of electoral rights during 1926-1936. The work of the Soviet authorities and Election Commissions is analyzed concerning deprivation of this type of the rights and the main effects of this repressive measure: social, economic, legal and psychological.
Role of a confessional factor in political life of Lebanon (1943-1990)
A steadfast tendency of strengthening the influence of a confessional factor on socio-political processes in the Afro-Asian countries is observed beginning from the second half of the 20th century. The aim of this paper is to reveal impact of religion on political life of Lebanon in the 1940 - 1980s.
Theoretical and methodological concept of G.A. Dzidzaria: experience in system reconstruction
This paper represents the author's reconstruction of the theoretical and methodological concept of Abkhazian outstanding scientist G.A. Dzidzaria who made the significant contribution to system research of social, economic, political and cultural history of the West Caucasus of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century. The author shows a wide range of the theoretical notions of the famous historian created both under direct influence of a Marxist paradigm and as a result of independent creative reflections. Microhistorical approach allowed the author to recreate consistently the scientific laboratory of G.A. Dzidzaria representing considerable interest for the modern researcher.
Magomet-Amin and "democratic" subethnoses of Circassia (1840-1850s): issues of political consolidation
The paper deals with the activity of Magomet-Amin on political consolidation of "democratic" subethnoses of Circassia at the final stage of the Caucasian War. The role is defined of a factor of "seniority" in political uniting of Adyghes of the Northwest Caucasus. The conclusion is drawn that owing to ambiguous perception of activity of Magomet-Amin and the contradictions existing in the Adyghe society, the political consolidation process of "democratic" subethnoses of Circassia was not completed.
The question of the peasantry in domestic policy of imperial autocracy in the first half of the 19th century
The paper explores the question of the peasantry basing on the analysis of the Russian legislation of the first half of the 19th century. This is one of the major questions in domestic policy of autocracy of those years. In this regard we analyze three categories of peasant estate, their number and situation, forms and the amount of feudal exploitation. Also steps of the government on improvement of economic and socio-political situation of the peasantry are investigated. In this context the conclusion is drawn that the legislation of that period on the peasantry created precedent about opportunity and admissibility of the state intervention in relationship of the nobility and the peasantry.
T.I. Afasizhev, N.A. Ilyinova
Interaction of ethnoses in N.Ya. Danilevsky and L.N. Gumilev's theoretical constructs
The paper shows the role of ethnoses in a universal civilization in terms of N.Ya. Danilevsky and such types of interethnic contacts as coexistence, assimilation, miscegenation and merge designated by L.N. Gumilev.
Subjectness of the Russian financiers: influence of informal norms
In this paper, an attempt is undertaken to analyze influence of informal norms on algorithms of financial activity and to reveal, in what degree the Russian financiers are focused on an assessment of informal norms within institutional strategies in the financial sphere. The author states that it is peculiar for the Russian financiers to accept informal norms as the tool to implement the goal in a situation of an inefficiency of formal norms. Hence, in the developed institutional system, informal norms, on the one hand, raise degree of subjectness and autonomy of financiers, on the other hand, reproduce the scheme of a situational assessment of formal norms.
Specifics of activity of the volunteer organizations in the modern civil society of Russia
The paper analyzes the specifics of formation and a current state of civil society in Russia as the factor influencing features of volunteer practices. It is emphasized that volunteer activity depends on citizens’ sense of justice and on their ability to actively participate in implementation of public projects, while the activity of volunteer organizations itself does not completely correspond to classical type of similar associations.
A.N. Gostev, S.S. Demidova
Public control of the production companies: state and forms
Following the results of specific sociological research on empirical base of five production companies we prove that the sustainable development of these organizations is impossible without the public control. We observe high level of public activity of the personnel in production companies and growth of quantity of both protest and creative forms of public control. Today the personnel of the production companies can both put pressure upon the administration of the production company, and render it assistance, make concessions, voluntarily refuse part of a salary and privileges, advertise activity of management structures in mass media, facilitate promotion in federal authorities of the heads and vote in their support, in the conditions of crisis support the production companies through purchasing a share, etc. Other forms and ways of public control are explained that are regulated by Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 21.07. 2014 No. 212-FZ "On bases of public control in the Russian Federation". Forms of protection of participants of public control from prosecution from administrative structures are shown. Reliability of the facts and data obtained in research is confirmed by references to scientific works, statistical data and researches of the Foundation of Public Opinion at 50 enterprises in 50 territorial subjects of the Russian Federation.
Patriotism as value in the Russian society: social and resource influence
The author examines an impact of patriotism on value orientations of Russians as an indicator of the attitude to the state and history. It is established that instrumental activism of the population and level of interpersonal communication are poorly related to patriotism. At the same time, the conclusion is drawn that, patriotism becomes a formula of mutual obligations between society and the state at the level of synthesis of the instrumental and basic values characterizing activity of the achievement groups of the population, and influences development of social amateur performance of the population.
E.N. Karelkin, V.V. Khrusñhev
Sociocultural basic content of the theoretical analysis of prevention of youth’s asocial behavior
This paper sheds new light on prevention of deviant behavior of youth. The author carries out the analysis of development of asocial tendencies in the youth environment and allocates the main issues of formation of legal culture of the younger generation as one of the forms of social prevention.
Police corruption: sociocultural aspect
An analysis is made of specifics of the modern mass culture having an impact on formation of stereotypes of corruption behavior in mentality of Russians. Also the work examines a threat of legitimation of corruption mechanisms in consciousness of citizens of Russia.
Legal security of the personality as factor of formation of civil society (sociocultural analysis)
This paper examines the main problems of cultural legal status of the personality, as well as the major conditions influencing its maintenance. The work shows the attitude of the state to problems of realization of legal security of citizens in modern sociocultural reality. Also the author studies the influence of the major foundations of modern civil society in Russia on formation of the guaranteed rights and freedoms.
Some aspects of functioning of North Caucasian society in the conditions of sociocultural risks
In the paper, an analysis is made of one of the key problems of sociocultural space of the North Caucasian region, namely: the interaction of traditional and modernization transformations. The author examines their correlation through a prism of sociocultural risks. Identification processes, as a significant component of sociocultural space of the region, are considered in the context of their adaptation opportunities to social risks. One of the visible prospects of their overcoming in the North Caucasus is preservation of dialogue on the basis of North Caucasian and Russian values, and strengthening the Russian identity.
S.A. Lyausheva, N.Ya. Oleynichenko
Problems with a social inequality in the students’ environment
The factor of a social inequality in the students’ environment is explored in the context of a common problem of a social inequality in hierarchical public systems to which Russia belongs today. The modern higher school environment is analyzed against cardinal transformations of the whole educational space. The social inequality in the students’ environment is regarded as the factor of destabilization of the intra corporate relations and socialization of youth resulting in social tension and crisis perception of world around. In order to develop the draft of the social higher school program of students’ adaptation, its mechanisms are analyzed. Special attention is focused on the essential role in this process of the sociocultural environment. The sociocultural adaptation mechanism is examined within a problem of formation of modern student's subculture.
Cultural marginality as factor of development of youth’s criminal behavior
The paper examines the factors causing the dynamics of criminalization of modern youth of Russia. The author, as a special factor, allocates loss of influence of the dominating culture and considerable activization of various subcultural currents legitimating these or those forms of criminal behavior of young Russians.
Asocial mentality of society as factor of development of a phenomenon of corruption (sociocultural analysis)
This paper examines features of corruption in society within a scientific field of Sociology of Culture. The author presents the theoretical analysis of specifics of interaction of corruption development mechanisms and destructive tendencies in mentalities of citizens of modern Russia.
V.N. Nekhay, V.M. Fatyanov, B.R. Shumafov
Ethnocultural processes in the conditions of tolerance formation in the globalized world
The paper discusses the features of ethnocultural development of the world community in the conditions of globalization. The authors claim that globalization processes, generating ethnosocial tension, produce natural need of mankind to form tolerance as ability of social agents to keep tolerant attitude to ethnocultural distinctions.
Categorization of professional career in a context of phenomenological interpretation of social reality
The phenomenological interpretation of social reality as the intersubjective world, created by individuals in the course of communication, sets a special aspect of scientific studying the professional career. Special attention is paid to individual and personal sense and sociocultural conditionality of professional career as process of professional development which is constantly comprehended, estimated and controlled by both the individual, and his surroundings.
Specifics of formation of the sociocultural status of the Russian modern army: bases of the theoretical analysis
The paper presents the analysis of how a problem related to formation of the sociocultural status of modern armed forces is developed in the Russian society. Also the work examines the main cultural conditions of legitimation in mass consciousness of Russians of an image of the person, whose profession is maintenance of defense capability of the state.
Social confidence of Russians: a claim for social subjectness of financiers in the Russian society
This paper analyzes the state of social confidence in the Russian society as ability "to operate one’s own life". The author of this work believes that according to estimates of social confidence in the Russian society it is possible to say about its dispersion and localization that reduces a claim for social subjectness as ability to social liability and autonomy of the Russian financiers.
Ethnization as protective reaction of society of social discomfort
The paper discusses ethnization as strategy of local societies to overcome a state of social discomfort. The author explores the approach to ethnization as to a certain qualitative attitude of society to its own cultural originality. The concept of social comfort and its components, as well as strategy of its overcoming are described. It is inferred that the ethnization can be presented as protective strategy in the conditions of society of social discomfort.
R.D. Khunagov, I.I. Imgrunt
The trend of ethnic social processes in the South of Russia in the conditions of modern risks
In the paper, an analysis is made of the South of Russia, one of the Russian complex and problematic regions. The author examines the features of interaction of national, regional and ethnic identities within the modern science. The work points out that an interdisciplinary approach is required to identify a sense of ethnic social processes and non-power impact on them. Considering interrelation of patriotic and religious education of Muslim youth, the thesis is proved that patriotism is the unifing factor of the Russian ethnoses. This allows a designation of a number of practical provisions to influence the ethnic social processes in the region. The conclusion is drawn that there is a need to conduct active work in the youth environment on prevention and counteraction to extremism, to form a pride for our great Russia, to keep and increase the uniting values directed on strengthening the Russian civil identity.
Cultural factor of innovative development of multiethnic region
In the paper, the culture is analyzed as the defining factor of a sustainable development of the society/region. Features of the regional/Caucasian culture are examined, focusing attention on its current state - crisis. The interrelation of flexible management and self-organization of culture / multiethnic society is considered as the main link of a sustainable development of the region. The thesis is proved that there is a need to update cultural policy and a culture management system in the country and regions. The work presents some offers on implementation of the state cultural policy aimed at patriotic education of citizens.
Genesis of the institutional relations of society and state in modern Russia
The genesis of the institutional relations of society and state during the Post-Soviet period is analyzed. Special emphasis is placed on studying developments of a civil liability and civil activism in modern Russia. The author draws a conclusion that there is a need to develop the institutional mechanisms of public dialogue. They, in turn, will minimize the social conflicts and will transfer processes of socio-political radicalization to the peace and constructive course.
Power practices in personality’s space: social and philosophical aspects
In the paper, a social - philosophical analysis is made to reveal power practices in the language, visual and corporal fields of the personality’s space. The major purpose of power practices in the language, visual and corporal fields of the personality’s space is defined. The paper points to properties of language, vision and a body used by the power to form a language field of the personality’s space.
Problems of legal regulation of the contract on rendering medical services
The present paper deals with some problems related to legal regulation of providing medical services in the Russian Federation. The contract of medical services, being a special case of a service agreement, undoubtedly, has the specifics which have to be reflected in the legislation.
The Commissioner for Human Rights as subject of the state control and supervision
The paper shows the importance of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation as the subject of the state control and supervision. The author offers to fix powers of the Commissioner for Human Rights to make decisions obligatory for execution by all government and municipal bodies.
I.N. Gaydareva, A.O. Poddubny
Obligatory works as a type of administrative punishment
This paper analyzes the legal problems related to introduction of institute of obligatory works in the Russian administrative law. The thesis is proved that introduction of this type of punishment in the administrative legislation is not casual. Hence, the conclusion is drawn that obligatory works are works at various objects not demanding special knowledge and qualification. This is the real help in the cleaning of streets, park zones, avenues, memorial complexes, cemeteries and other objects. Besides, obligatory works are connected with performance of subsidiary works on taking care of sick and aged persons.
Topical issues of use of innovative forms of promotion of traffic safety
This paper discusses the features of using the modern information technologies in the course of activities for promotion of traffic safety. Separate aspects of promotion on the Internet and possibilities of use of social advertising are analyzed.
On realization of the principle of legality in meting out punishment
The paper carries out a system research on the legality principle in the Criminal Law of the Russian Federation. Special attention is concentrated on a correlation of the general legal and branch principles, and contradictions and gaps of an individualization of punishment. As a result, we have defined the priority trends in improvement of the criminal legislation and a number of essential contradictions in practice of definition of types and amount of punishment, and softening and aggravating circumstances.
G.G. Zagaynova, M.G. Zaretskaya
Theoretical legal aspects of "human right" understanding in constitutional legal polemic
The paper discloses the theoretical legal aspects of "human right" understanding in constitutional legal polemic and their importance. The character of interrelation of the international and national law in the sphere of human rights is defined.
Moral and psychological features and properties of the person committing crimes in the conditions of natural disasters or technogenic catastrophes
The paper discloses the moral and psychological features and properties of the person committing crimes in the conditions of natural disasters or technogenic catastrophes. The work examines the positive and negative moral and psychological features of the persons committing crimes in these conditions.
The subject and the objectives of "The Social Law" by Yu.S. Gambarov
In the paper, an analysis is made of ideas and views of the outstanding lawyer Yu.S. Gambarov concerning a state of law and legal thought in the 19th century. The author of the paper shows that in works of Yu.S. Gambarov sociological jurisprudence is actually understood as historical and comparative study of the law. The paper shows that the Russian legal science in the 19th century was in a transition state, in search of the theory which is adequately reflecting a legal matter on the whole.
Features of the criminal - legal characteristic of the persons who committed crimes in socially intense situations
The paper discloses the features of the criminal - legal characteristic of the persons who committed crimes in socially intense situations. The criminological model of the personality of the criminal is created.
Separate aspects of production of investigative actions for criminal cases of an extremist orientation
The paper deals with the features of investigation of crimes of an extremist orientation. Specifics and features of production of such investigative actions as the examination of the scene and a search are analyzed.
Financial bodies in system of counteraction of legalization (washing) of income gained in the criminal way in the EEU countries
The paper shows the role of financial bodies in the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union in system of counteraction of legalization (washing) of income gained in the criminal way. It is worthy of noting that formation of such systems in the EEU countries is largely carried out under pressure of the international community. Complex study of a problem related to counteraction of legalization (washing) of income gained in the criminal way and terrorism financing is a necessary condition for improvement of the market legislation in the Eurasian Economic Union countries. Experience of the EEU countries in solution of this problem includes implementation of a complex of legal and organizational measures (close interaction, creation of the general base of suspicious operations, etc.). On the whole, institutional bases of counteraction of legalization of the criminal income in member states of the Eurasian Economic Union have, in our opinion, essential similarity to the Russian analog that significantly facilitates interaction and contains the potential of further integration processes in EEU.
Features of functional impact of the medical correctional institutions on legal status of condemned patients with tuberculosis
The paper provides data on medical correctional institutions of FSIN of Russia and legal status of condemned from these institutions. The work shows the restrictions which the condemned experiences and the legislative mechanism of these restrictions. The goal of this work is to study consecutively the legislation which regulates questions of legal status of the condemned patients with tuberculosis and serving sentences in institutions of the criminal-executive system.
Teleologic basis of the rights and freedoms of the person
The article is devoted to the study of the teleological nature of the rights and freedoms of the individual. Summarizing philosophical and legal concept of freedom G. W. Hegel, the author considers the state as the fundamental basis of the implementation of civil liberty in the socio-historical space of humanity.
Corruption in Russia through a prism of the statistical and correlation analysis
The paper discusses the current trends in development of corruption crime in Russia. Special attention is paid to searches of the reasons of bribery decrease and to a system assessment of correlation relationship between the level of corruption and the main socio-economic indexes. The author uses a method of mathematical modeling to reveal steady signs of corruption in Russia and to predict its further dynamics.
Arbitrariness as the basis of application of measures of possessory protection
The paper shows the arbitrariness indicators in the sphere of private-law regulation. The author pays attention to the fact that arbitrariness serves the basis of application of measures of possessory protection, but is not unconditional basis of application of a measure of liability.
Constitutional regulation of the principles of an electoral right: foreign experience
The paper analyzes the experience in the constitutional regulation of the principles of an electoral right in foreign countries. The author clarifies the approaches to allocation of the principles of an electoral right among general principles of the right.
Significance of the principle of implementation of criminal legal proceedings in reasonable time
The paper discloses the principle of implementation of criminal legal proceedings in reasonable time. The author analyzes opinions of scientists-processors about the significance and a place of this principle in criminal legal proceedings.
Specifics of adoption in Israel
The paper examines the problems and specifics of adoption in Israel. The author considers procedures of adoption, the grants and state protection of the adopted children.
Formation and development of institute of prosecutor’s participation in civil process
The paper discloses genesis of institute of prosecutor’s participation in civil process. The author discusses the issues and restrictions of prosecutor’s participation in civil legal proceedings.
E-book reader as a popularizer of reading
Throughout the history the book format repeatedly changed. In recent years the role of the e-book reader as alternative to the traditional paper book considerably increases that is regarded ambiguously. The author notes lack of destructive consequences of the e-book reader in relation to institute of reading, and proves its constructive potential in the form of a popularizer of reading.
Development of federalism in Russia in the conditions of democratic transformations
The paper is dedicated to one of the basic political systems of modern society - democracy. The author explores problems and contradictions which the democracy faces on the way of its development in Russia. Along with democratic transformations, an important role is played by development of one of the main principles of the territorial organization of the state - federalism. The paper shows a need to establish federalism in the Russian Federation taking into account features of the state development.