#2 / 2014
Citizenship in a multicultural society: from status theory to practice
During the recent fifteen years the concept of citizenship has been seriously changed from the question of weak interest within its political foundations to the topical problem, resulting from the high flows of transnational migrations and correlated with concepts of security, risk society, social control. Today all industrialized countries deal with applications of migrants willing to acquire a citizen status. In this connection the concept of citizenship is becoming an ideological instrument for regulations of state-person relationships, as well as for formation and maintenance of communities’ network. The network peculiarity of citizenship transforms this concept from the ideology of status to the ideology of practice.
N.A. Popova, A.N. Popelnukhina
Science and pseudoscience: ethical differences
The paper is devoted to philosophical reflection of the ethics of science and ethical differences between science and pseudoscience. A dialectical interaction between ethical and scientific values is examined and the types of relationships are pointed out. Particular attention is paid to the responsibility of modern scientists before the whole civilization.
The methodological framework of the scientific ontic world outlook
The paper discloses that the specific nature of any type of rationality forms the corresponding methods which it reproduces. Methodology imposes not only the form of knowledge, but also forms an implicit direction of contemplation and outlook. Two main types of worldview — ontical and ontological are pointed out. The peculiarities of the three methodologies that are essential for ontic world — syllogistics, dialectics and mathematics are revealed. A phenomenological methodology as an appropriate ontological life orientation can make an alternative to them.
Spiritual aspects of national security of modern Russia
The paper discusses comprehension of the spiritual component of national security in contemporary Russia, the conditions necessary for its implementation, as well as existing threats to spiritual security, forces and means of opposition to them.
Americans in the USSR: assessments and perception of Kuibyshev of war years
The peculiarities of formation of the 1941 image of Kuibyshev in the U.S. press are revealed.
Problems of social and economic development of the new industrialized countries of South East Asia (South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan) from the 1970s to the early 21st century
The purpose of this paper is to disclose and study the difficulties and obstacles in social and economic development of the new industrialized countries of South East Asia — South Korea, Singapore and Taiwan, in particular, to identify the dependence of economic liberalization on political liberalization of their state regimes.
Development of basic craft production in Ganja in the late 19th — early 20th centuries (as shown by ethnographic materials)
This paper deals with the historical and ethnographic significance of the development of the main branches of traditional crafts in Ganja. For the first time the main features of products of these industries and their importance in the study of arts and crafts traditions during the 19th and 20th centuries were systematically studied.
Mass historical consciousness of Russians at the turn of 20 — 21 centuries
This paper is devoted to the analysis of the state of mass historical consciousness of Russians, which has undergone some significant changes under the influence of large-scale political, social and economic and also cultural transformations of Russian society at the turn of 20-21 centuries.
Abazins in the civilizational context of the North Caucasus
The paper deals with the specifics of the formation of ethno-cultural status of the Abazins. The author, without questioning the idea of cultural integrity of the region, thinks that it is possible to single out two civilizational zones in the North Caucasus. Within the boundaries of one of them stage-wise formation of modern Abazins is considered and the arguments in support of the special nature of the Abazin etnic society are substantiated, which is caused by stagnation of its development throughout the past three centuries.
The influence of ethnic and cultural traditions on gender stereotypes
The article examines a number of gender stereotypes which have significant influence from the ethnic culture. The author examines stereotypes in the mentality of the modern society, which manifest themselves in relation to the woman and are dominated by the formation of their social status.
E.V. Vartanyan, E.N. Karelkin
Legal socialization and professional identity of students in the process of legal education
The paper examines the legal issues of mutual socialization of young professionals of the legal scope and the process of establishing their professional identity. The effect of the quality of legal education in the formation of professional identity of young professionals is shown on the basis of theoretical analysis. The necessity of modernization of special education that meets modern standards applying to graduates in today’s social and cultural reality is marked.
The problem of the genesis and the specifics of the Russian intelligentsia
The paper presents the comparative analysis of various concepts of the Russian intelligentsia, explaining the genesis and the specificity of this social group. The main features of the Russian intelligentsia, similarities and differences between this group and the Western intellectuals are highlighted. The author examines the role of the Russian intelligentsia in the formation of the Russian national consciousness.
Problems of social support for families with children with congenital disorders of development
The paper studies the implementation issues of formal social support to families, bringing up children with congenital disorders of development (CDD). Discussion of the results of empirical research shows that the existing system of formal social support for families is inconsistent and the resource of professional assistance to the families with CDD children is fragmentary and unfinished. The everyday experience of parents as direct subjects of the rehabilitation process is analysed. The process of objectification of their role in the state system of social support is explored. The main barriers to the implementation of social assistance as well as professional “target” of further optimization of the structure and content of social services for this population are identified.
Status of inequality as a factor in the disintegration of Russian society
In this paper, the author explores the relevant theme of the status inequality in Russian society. The author asserts that a clan-corporate system of status hierarchy was formed in the modern Russia. The social potential of a particular individual here is determined by the political positions taken by him in the society. Factor of status, in author’s opinion, plays an increasingly important role in contemporary Russian society, rather than the possession of material property that is a distinguishing characteristic of Russia’s social system.
Youth drug addiction in the context of cultural and legal approach
The paper presents the analysis of scientific approaches to the problem of youth drug addiction in Russia. Stating their diversity, the author focuses attention on the social and cultural context of the study of the present phenomenon, considering cultural determinants of problems as most relevant in today’s social space.
Competitiveness of Russian business
Russian business, like the entire economic sphere of Russian society, is characterized by extremely low rates of competitiveness at the global market and by readiness to use other strategies for economic production associated with the development of high-tech and innovative technologies. This paper is devoted to profound analysis of this issue.
Zh.A.Stash, M.F. Aliyeva
An integrated approach to prevention of youth drug addiction in Adyghea
The paper deals with the problem of youth drug addiction in Russia today. The author notes that a coordinated system of anti-drug measures of social, economic, medical, legal, psychological and administrative nature can be realized by using an integrated approach, providing preventive measures in a combat against drug aggression.
Use of the dual form of education in higher educational institutions to prepare practice-oriented specialists
The paper discusses the elements of dual education in higher educational institution. The specificity and the advantages of the dual training are investigated. Particular attention is paid to the dual system of education in Germany, which took a long historical examination and demonstrates high quality of education. The conclusion is made that despite some shortcomings, the dual system of education is one of the most successful models of cooperative learning and practice. The positive experience can be used in the learning process in higher education of the Russian education system.
Social stratification in the Russian society: the specificity of the impact on personality socialization in the educational space of classical university
The paper examines the actual scientific problem — the specificity of the impact of social stratification on personality socialization in the educational space of classical university in Russian society. Peculiarities of personality socialization in the educational space of classical university in the Russian society, which are formed as a result of this impact, are revealed.
Professional self-determination of the youth in conditions of transformation of the value of higher education in the Russian modern society (as shown by the Kuban State University of Technology
One of the urgent problems of the Russian modern society is training of highly qualified specialists of different disciplines. Globalization and market relations cause fast rates of growth and development of educational services in the Russian modern society. Dynamic social transformations in the country form new value purposes of young people, as well as life strategies of the youth behavior in the sphere of education. There is a necessity to study interaction of the institute of higher education and its basic consumers (university entrants). Nowadays, on the one hand, the demand for services of the higher professional education is increasing, requirement, prestige and necessity in the receipt of higher education are growing, on the other hand, the role and value of education are changing essentially, the youth is changing its orientations and attitudes to the education. In this paper, an analysis is made of professional self-determination of university entrants and the factors, influencing the choice of higher educational institution and tendencies in training school leavers. Also transformation of the value of higher professional education in Russian modern society is studied. It is important to detect criteria, defining professional self-determination of university entrants, the choice of area of training and educational institution. This paper will help administration of the higher education institution to develop motivational strategies to attract school leavers to the educational institution.
Social and cultural aspect of modernity
The paper is devoted to the comprehension of social and cultural aspect of modernity. The content of the concept of “sociocultural level” is disclosed. The author proposes a characteristic of degree of human perfection achieved through education, training and comprehension of social experience. Classification of spiritual and moral values of the individual is given in the context of culture. The paper deals with the traditional means of artistic expression and artistic languages of art. An analysis is made of the crisis of art associated with the systemic crisis of socio-humanitarian knowledge. The role and importance of the mass media in the communicative space of culture is studied.
Constitutional and legal status of the Adyghea Republic as a subject of the Russian Federation
The paper discusses the constitutional and legal status of the Adyghea Republic. The author notes that studying the Constitution of the Adyghea Republic makes it possible to define its place in the process of formation and strengthening of the government system.
Termination of criminal case related to the reconciliation of the parties in the light of development of mediation institute in Russia
A comprehensive analysis is made of the institute of the termination of a criminal case related to the reconciliation of the parties. Presentation of the material is based on the a priori estimate of reconciliation between the victim and the accused as a mediation model. This approach allowed us to go beyond the traditional analysis of Art. 25 of CPC and identify promising directions for its improvement in terms of expanding the right guarantees of participants of the reconciliation.
Political parties: the moral and legal dimension
The paper discusses the moral and legal aspects of the formation and development of political parties. It reveals the theoretical and practical problems of legal and moral regulation of the activity of parties as a structural element of the political system of society.
Local authorities — from legitimacy to effectiveness
This paper is devoted to the legitimacy and effectiveness of municipal authorities. The main purpose of this publication is to explore the potential and relationship of legitimacy and effectiveness of municipal government nowadays.
Abstracts of Monographs
Scientist, medievalist, teacher (toward the 100th anniversary of V.V. Shtokmar)
This paper is dedicated to the memory of a large Russian medievalist, specialist in the area of Britain researches, Valentina Vladimirovna Shtokmar. The author presents the characteristics of teaching and scientific activities of this talented scientist.