#3 / 2013
Bases of the system dynamics of sociality reproduction
The paper provides the philosophical justification of the system dynamics of sociality reproduction. The author examines the main axiological installations and laws of formation of symbolical space of society functioning.
O.N. Opletayeva, L.V. Korsakova
Nikolay Kuzansky and Renaissance humanism
An analysis is made of influence of Renaissance (first of all Italian) humanism of the 15th century on philosophy and theology of Nikolay Kuzansky. The authors of this paper study the beginning of the related transformation of a medieval scholastic discourse, theocentric in the bases, into an anthropocentric discourse of the new European thought. Attention is paid to ambiguity and discrepancy of a transduction carried out by Kuzants, i.e. transition to the new logical bases in former schemes of scholastic logic. The paper comes to the end with the squeezed tematization of intentions described in the third part of the well-known book of the thinker “About Scientific Ignorance”. This book for the first time presents ideas of “Christian humanism”, created at Nikolay Kuzansky under direct influence of the Italian and Byzantine humanists.
Understanding and intuition as knowledge components
The paper studies intuition in the history of philosophy and in modern conditions. On the basis of the analysis, the author describes ideas of intuition from the origin of philosophical thought to modern representations; connection of intuition with knowledge and its rooting in life; intuition value in life of each person, irrespective of the sphere of his activity; and the role of intuition, as a component of cognition in obtaining new knowledge.
Theory of a patrimonial life of Gustav Evers: theory and development of a historiography of the problem
The paper deals with the theory of a patrimonial life of Johann Philippe Gustav Evers, a historian, a lawyer, professor and the rector of Derptsky (nowadays Tartusky) University. The main attention is paid to a historiography of the problem in national historical science.
Contribution of the Turkish guest workers to economic development of Federative Republic of Germany (1990 – the beginning of the 21st century)
Economic development of EU countries in the last two decades was closely connected with labor migratory processes. Changes in the states of Europe, emergence of a new configuration of habitual social and economic and political space in which borders unexpectedly got the new status and new quality – all this caused qualitatively new labor migratory situation. The subject of research is a place and a role of the Turkish workers in social and economic, political and cultural life of Germany. The object of research is the Turkish guest workers in Germany. The purpose of this study is to investigate influence of Turkish guest workers on economic development of Germany.
Application of German achievements in research, experimental and design works in the Russian southern regions (Krasnodar Territory, Rostov region and Stavropol Territory) at the end of the 20th – the beginning of the 21st centuries
The paper discusses application of the latest German technologies and the equipment which was used at the enterprises of the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories and in the Rostov region. An analysis is made of the activity of the German enterprises which carried out delivery of this equipment. Advantages and significance of the use of German technologies are shown.
Role of collective farms in economy of the Don and North Caucasus regions at the culmination of the New Economic Policy (1924 - 1927)
Relevance of the paper is related to need to study and use positive experience of collective farm activity in the course of agriculture modernization in the country. Research objective is studying a role of collective farms in economic life of the North Caucasus in the mid-twenties. Research problems are related to consideration of activity of various types of collective farms and to the analysis of their results. The subject of research is the agriculture in the period of the New Economic Policy. The production activity of collective farms of the Don and North Caucasus regions has become the object of research. Inconsistent results of activity of collective farms in economic life of the Don and North Caucasus regions are revealed.
Organization of medical care of the population in the Don and North Caucasus regions in 1943 - 1945
Relevance of the paper is caused by possibility of using experience in the organization of medical care of the population in days of the Great Patriotic War in the conditions of emergency situations. Research objective is the analysis of the organization of medical care of the population in the Don and North Caucasus regions during the post-occupational period. Research problems are related to consideration of activity of local healthcare institutions for rendering medical care to the population. The subject of research is the Soviet health system in the years of war. The object of research is the activity of healthcare institutions for rendering medical care to the population of the Don and North Caucasus regions in the conditions of a wartime. As a result of research the main forms and types of rendering medical care to the population of the Don and North Caucasus regions in the years of war are revealed.
Participation of peasant societies of mutual aid in cooperation of peasant and Cossack farms in the Don and Kuban regions in 1925 - 1927
Relevance of the paper is related to the organization problems of a production activity of the rural population that exist today. Their decision can be promoted by creative application of experience of peasant societies of mutual aid that existed in the 1920s. Research objective is studying participation of Cossack-peasant societies of mutual aid in cooperation of peasant and Cossack economies in the Don and Kuban regions. An analysis is made of the activity of these societies in the field of cooperation, as well as of the achieved results. The subject of research is the activity of these societies in the field of cooperation of the rural population of the region. The object is social and economic policy of the Soviet State in the conditions of the New Economic Policy. As a result of research the author arrives at a conclusion that the Cossack-peasant societies of mutual aid took an active part in the cooperation of peasants and Cossacks.
L.R. Khut, A.Sh. Buzarov
Runet scientific and educational resources on History: algorithm of search
The purpose of this paper is to identify effective algorithm of search for scientific and educational resources of the Runet in History for that part of Internet users who professionally go in for History.
Magomet-Amin and the Adyghean society in the middle of the 19th century
The paper deals with the questions related to the reforming activity of Naib Magomet-Amin in Circassia in the late 1840-1850s – at the final stage of the Caucasian War. The author examines the extent of influence of Naib on military, administrative and religious spheres of life of the Adyghean society and perception of events in the Adyghean environment. His political activity as the coordinator of actions of the Adyghes, Turks and their European allies is analyzed.
Role of cooperative associations in restoration of economy in the Krasnodar Territory in 1943 - 1945
Relevance of the paper is caused by need to use small forms of economic activity in modern Russia. Example of their efficiency is cooperation in the conditions of a wartime. Research objective is to analyze participation of cooperative associations in economy restoration in the Krasnodar Territory. Research problems are related to clarifying the activity of trade and disabled people cooperative associations in 1943 - 1945. The subject of research is the activity of cooperative associations for economy restoration in the Krasnodar Territory. The object of research is the restoration process in the liberated areas. As a result of research, active participation of cooperative associations in providing the population with consumer goods and in implementation of defensive orders is proved.
M.A. Abramov, S.I. Khrupin
Methodological approaches to identification of vectors of intensity in modern society
The paper discusses the status positions and role models of orientations in the security sphere, elements of social rationing of security and stability of social development.
A.A. Avramenko, O.F. Danachev
Development of system of administrative motivation priorities
The paper shows that in treatments of administrative motivation effective activity of the organization depends largely on the system of management constructed in it. To achieve success in any activity, it is necessary to correctly design, organize and then to develop and supervise it, i.e. to competently manage it.
Globalization as a factor of transformation of world space: sociological discourse
The paper discusses globalization as an essentially new phenomenon of the last decades relying on processes of modernization and social development not only from pre-capitalistic forms to capitalism, but also as a result of decomposition and crash of system of socialism.
Role of the Adyghean educators in transformation of the Adyghe traditional culture
The paper gives a number of definitions of concept “education” and shows the role of the Adyghean educators during transformation of traditional culture of the Adyghes in the 19-20th centuries. The author subdivides the Adyghean education into two directions: European as in Russia and Muslim, focused mainly on the East. Data of the sociological research conducted in two regions of the Russian Federation: Kabardino-Balkaria and Adyghea, are provided.
V.Yu. Bashtovoy, O.M. Ni
Education and creativity in modeling sociology of cognitive developing activity
This paper examines the correlation of sociocultural prognostics, education and creativity in sociology of modeling of cognitive developing activity.
I.V. Boldyshev, A.I. Ivanov
Formation features of approaches to the scientific analysis of social-legal status of the citizen of Russia
The paper discusses the institutional essence of social-legal status of the citizen of Russia and features of formation of adequate approach to its scientific analysis.
A.I. Vasina, A.T. Rostova
Value status of education of the Russian modern youth
The authors define the value status of education in the Russian modern society, explicate economic characteristics of the Russian education apparatus and examine social strata of the Russian students, uniting them in two social groups: working students and a student's family.
A.V. Gusarov, T.I. Afasizhev
Public administration by process of legal socialization
An analysis is made of the modern administrative process, urged to optimize legal socialization in operating conditions of the formed and developing legal system.
S.M. Dolbilov, N.A. Ilyinova
Specificity of social-legal status of the citizen of Russia
The paper explores the private sphere of social and legal reality as an area of social life in which the law as the system social phenomenon refracts in group and individual consciousness.
Criteria, assessment of a condition and strategy to increase social immunity of the Russian society
The paper shows the author's vision of criteria for measurement of social immunity level and gives an assessment of a condition of immune system of the Russian society. Besides, the author puts a problem of search for mechanisms of increasing social immunity adequate to a sociocultural situation in Russia.
I.S. Izgachev, S.V. Ivanov
Modern argument of territorial division of labor
The paper discloses the modern argument of territorial division of labor in sociology. The authors investigate the influence of resort specialization of the cities on development of the market of recreational services in the region.
Higher school market strategies
In the paper, the author formulates the main objectives and principles of improvement of the mechanisms of realization of higher school competitive strategies regarding educational, scientific-technical and business activity. It is visually shown that the modern higher school lost the incentives providing professional and social-status socialization of students. The author proposes specific administrative algorithms to solve problems related to creation of monitoring for realization of higher school strategies.
Innovative transformations of an education system
The paper discusses the processes of interference of modern innovative economy and an education system. An analysis is made of changes that occur in educational technologies and functions of the educational institutes, caused by need of personal training for innovative economy.
N.F. Marusidze, S.A. Sirotinsky
Social space as a symbolical system organized under differentiation laws
The paper shows that emergence of socially organized matter is related to the formation of specific spatial-temporal structures which are functionally dismembered in a number of subspaces. Their character and interrelation historically change in process of development of societies.
Problems related to a concept of “loneliness” in the history of social and philosophical thought
The problem of loneliness had excited minds of mankind since the most ancient times till today. During various eras philosophers differently interpreted its contents. One saw norm in it and others, pathology. Judgments had the estimated and dual character. Distinctions in problem interpretations during different historical eras were caused by a set of sociocultural and historical factors. The analysis of some works of the Russian and western philosophers testifies that works of domestic thinkers are joint by the general idea. They harmoniously supplement each other and have no basic distinctions, whereas the western theories are built on a mutually exclusive basis. In this connection they are considered in comparison and opposition.
The Shapsug subethnos in sociocultural space of Russia
The paper discloses sociocultural features of formation of the Shapsug subethnos in a historical retrospective. The author defines parameters of self-identification of the Black Sea Shapsugs, their integration in modern multiethnic society. A certain link of the Black Sea Shapsugs with traditional culture is noted. At the beginning of the 21st century, in the territory of compact accommodation of Shapsugs, elements of traditional culture are recultivated by means of opening private museums.
I.A. Rybalchenko, V.N. Grishay
Religious values as factor of enrichment of spiritual potential of the personality
The paper shows that knowledge of religious values promotes outlook expansion and enrichment of intellectual, world outlook and spiritual potential of the personality.
E.A. Slatvinskaya, V.F. Reps
Demand of recreational services as a factor of tourism development in the Caucasus Mineralnye Vody region
The paper discusses the regional features and factors of development of recreational tourism in the Caucasus Mineralnye Vody region, levels of development and a demand of recreational services of the region in modern public conditions.
Social activity and self-organization and organization limits
The paper examines the processes of self-organization of the Russian society in a context of social activity of the population. The author analyzes the capacity of the social organization and self-organization and draws conceptual conclusions about its prospects.
Mythological consciousness as an object of philosophical and culturological research (historiographic aspect)
The paper is devoted to the general historiographic review of the theory of the philosophical and culturological analysis of mythological consciousness. Various conceptual approaches to mythological culture are seen in it, their ideological interrelation and interaction and influence on formation of objective understanding of that role which the myth plays at various stages of socio-historical development of humanity.
On legislative regulation of activity of penal system of the Soviet State in the period of the 1930-1960s
In the paper, an analysis is made of legal bases of activity of prison system of the Soviet State during GULAG functioning (the 1930 – 1960s). The author examines contradictions of normative acts of legislative level with the departmental orders and instructions regulating activity of executive authorities in the sphere of execution of criminal punishments.
Features of carrying out insurance campaign on social insurance of workers in the final period of the Russian Empire (1913-1916)
This paper examines the insurance laws of the Russian Empire of 1912, related to social insurance of the workers of industrial enterprises, namely: about providing workers in an illness case, about insurance of workers upon accidents, about council on affairs of workers insurance and about presence for workers insurance.
Detective Order (Order of Detective Affairs) of Moscow state of the 17th century (functions, powers and office-work)
The present paper deals with the mandative system of the Moscow state of the 17th century, and specifically with the Order of Detective Affairs founded in 1619. The Detective Order was engaged in investigation of fugitive people over all country. It was intended for organization of the cities ruined by Poles, for examination of complaints from persons of different estates on oppressions and offenses from strong people, for the solution of land disputes and questions of change of the land relations.
Speech culture of the teacher, the head of primary and secondary professional education institutions
The present paper raises the questions related to the level of speech culture of teachers in institutions of system of primary and secondary professional education. The administrative board of this education system is in focus of this research. The author presents components of speech culture, that are considered to be the most topical for the teachers, the heads of these institutions. The results of the conducted research characterizing level of proficiency in speech culture of respondents are given.
Specificity of a role and place of art consciousness in the Russian culture
In this paper, an analysis is made of scientific literature related to specificity of a role and place of art consciousness in the Russian culture. The author shows multidimensionality of the concept of “art consciousness” considered by cultural science, philosophy, esthetics, art studies and by psychological and pedagogical sciences. In line with the general concept “culture”, the author allocates the phenomenon of “art” and its impacts on the person. Two main approaches are defined to study art consciousness of the personality. The following functions of images of culture in modern consciousness are designated: gnoseological, humanistic, communicative, training, bringing up, informative, standard and reflexive.
The author distinguishes culture images as the inconsistent and dramatic periods ambiguously reflected in modern consciousness.
The paper shows the structural and dynamic features of culture images and modern consciousness, as well as their influence on modern processes of art creativity.
Development of Russia in the conditions of globalization: political and legal aspects
The paper addresses the actual problem of development of Russia in the conditions of globalization. The author examines the conceptual bases of political and legal globalization, the main aspects of development of the country in the conditions of globalization and defines the directions of globalization policy of the Russian Federation.
Main directions in foreign policy of the Azerbaijan Republic (1991 — 2012)
The paper focuses on foreign policy of independent Azerbaijan. A short analysis of foreign policy of Azerbaijan is given. The main directions in foreign policy of the Republic are examined.
Theories of local government: a politological context
This paper studies the main theories of local government and their refraction on the Russian political field of municipal reform. The main objective of this publication is an examination of politological aspects of the main theories of local government.
On some factors of distribution of ideology of extremism in political information space
In the paper, an analysis is made of distribution of ideology of extremism by using new information technologies, as well as the ethnoterritorial conflicts as the factors having impact on emergence of destructive processes in interethnic interactions.