#1 / 2013
New paradigm of the analysis of knowledge transfer
The author suggests a new paradigm of the analysis of knowledge transfer. Three main ideas lie in its basis: knowledge interpretation as fractal; knowledge representation as a scaleless network; knowledge analysis as a nonequilibrium dynamic system. These ideas provide new opportunities to consider and organize processes of knowledge transfer and make the base of knowledge management.
V.S. Fedchin, A.S. Stepanenko
National idea and humanism: idealogemes in the dynamics of social development
The idealogemes as the specific manifestations of “the national idea” carrying essentially various world outlook and ideological contents emerged periodically in the history of domestic public thought. The feature which unites them is the excessive degree of an intellectual universalization when integrative, generalizing function of cogitative activity gains self-sufficing value and loses interrelation with the necessary differentiation of empirical reality. This domination of universal over particular is an essential distinctive feature of traditional consciousness, and it considerably distinguishes it from humanistic tradition of cogitative activity.
P.M. Khakuz, A.Yu. Gura
“Easy difficulty” as a construction of the pedagogical process
The paper discloses the nature of pedagogical asking and defines the pedagogical question as “easy” difficulty. The author proves that it is necessary to use “the perfect” pedagogical question in the course of philosophy studying. The basic rules of asking the question with reasonable “easy” difficulty are allocated. The factors influencing this process are established.
The Adyghes in world sociocultural space: the historical aspect
The paper provides the characteristic of a complicated geopolitical situation related to the Adyghean lands and entry of the Adyghes in a sphere of influence of three world civilizations. The author discloses how these civilizations influenced the culture, economic and social life of the Adyghean society. Beginning from the second half of the 18th century, in this region, prevailing is an influence of the Russian state.
History of the Caucasian War of the 19th century: sources of personal origin
An analysis is made of characteristic features of sources of the personal origin created by the Russian officers, participating in the Caucasian War of the 19th century.
Characteristic features of east civilizations in new time
This work examines east civilizations, their main features during an era of new time. The purpose and objectives of this research include identification of sources, fundamental bases and specifics of functioning of east civilizations in new time. The main values of east civilizations made considerable impact on formation of mentality of the people of the East, on social, economic and political way of their life.
Yu.M. Indrisov, M. - P. B. Abdusalamov
Kumyk feudal estates in a context of development and crash of the theocratic project of imam Mansur in the 1785-1786s
This paper, on the basis of the profound analysis and wide use of various sources, examines the movement of sheikh Mansur and the relation to him of the Kumyk feudal proprietors. According to the authors, the revolt of imam Mansur was a presage of the national-liberation movement of mountaineers in the 1820-1850s.
Participation of the Turkish guest workers in political life of Germany (1900 – the beginning of the 21st century)
Intercontinental migration of Turkish workers to Germany was more profoundly studied from the point of view of economy, sociology and culture, rather than from the point of view of participation of guest workers from Turkey in political life of Germany. This paper examines a place and a role of Turkish workers in social and economic, political and cultural life of Germany. The objects of research are Turkish guest workers coming to Germany. The purpose of this paper is to investigate participation of Turkish workers in political life of Germany. They have a number of feasibilities for participation and representation in the political organizations existing in Germany.
Kuban oil industry in the 1920s
This paper studies the Kuban oil industry in the 1920s. An object of research is the history of development of the Kuban oil industry after the end of the Civil War in the Kuban region and after establishment of the Soviet power. The goal of this research is to investigate the processes occurring in the Kuban oil industry in the 1920s. Proceeding from degree of study of the problem, realization of the goal assumes the solution of specific objectives, namely: to investigate process of nationalization of the Kuban oil industry; and to show changes which occurred in oil industry after the New Economic Policy declaration.
V.G. Shnaider, S.A. Golovanova
Migratory processes and stability of structure of German community in Armavir (the end of the 19th century - 1941)
The paper examines migration of the Russian Germans to Armavir in the period from the end of the 19th century to 1941. On the basis of authentic sources the authors reveal degree of stability of a German community in Armavir on an extent of more than half a century. In the paper, original methods of work with a statistical material are used. Birth rate and mortality problems among Armavir citizens of a German origin are discussed.
Despite high level of migratory activity, it is possible to state that by the beginning of the 1940s the steady part of a German community in Armavir had been created. About 60 % of residents of a German origin were born in Armavir or lived in it over 30 years.
Nomto Ochirov as a mirror of the national intellectuals: his contribution to development of science and culture of the people of Kalmykia
Nomto Ochirov is one of the prominent representatives of the Kalmyk national intellectuals. Questions of Lama dogma, an economic situation of the Kalmyks and their military past have become the main subjects of his researches.
Information security as an element of information culture
The paper deals with the definition of influence of information security on information culture and development of modern society. Information security of society as a whole and its structural parts is caused, first of all, by quickly growing technological capabilities of modern information systems which, by their influence on policy, economic life, spiritual and ideological sphere and moods of people, have become now decisive and comprehensive.
Culture of management as a factor of increasing efficiency of municipal service activity in regions
Reform of public administration in regions put a number of questions before local authorities, demanding the prompt solution. Among them are increase of efficiency of activity and culture of management of municipal services; elimination of contradictions in the legislation of the Russian Federation on municipal service; increase of efficiency in the sphere of personnel work of municipal service; development of effective methods of stimulation of activity and professional growth of municipal employees.
Russian intellectuals as a modernization factor of modern society
The paper provides intelligentsia definition, shows its functions, change of algorithm of formation of these social groups and their variety. The purpose of this paper is to designate a problem of increasing a social role of the intellectuals at this stage of development of modern society on the one hand, and their “washing out”, on the other hand. The author gives data of sociological researches confirming negative tendencies in social and economic, political and ideological aspects of reproduction, realization of possibilities and preservation of intelligentsia.
Regional political elite and business in modern Russia: interaction problems
The paper examines interaction of two segments of elite: the political at region level and business elite. Business represents one of the important channels of recruiting political elite. Also it actively participates in implementation of social programs at level of subjects of the Federation. Result of such interaction is development of new requirements of the power and business to each other.
Commitment of youth to values of individualism: characteristics of terminal and tool values
The paper discusses questions of a semantic dusting of values in a picture of the world of the young man. The analysis and ordering of a collected material show that value orientations of the individualistic and collectivist types are widespread in the modern youth environment in the ratio of about 2:1. Accurately expressed verbalization of the individualist orientation unites about half of young people.
Problems of transformation of system of prevention in the conditions of sociocultural crisis
This paper discusses problems of functioning of institutes of preventive activity in the conditions of sociocultural crisis. The author investigates questions of transformation of base values under the influence of macrosocial transformations in society.
Spiritual security in system of ensuring social security of the Russian society: methodological construction of sociological research
Methodological construction of researches on social security and role of spiritual security in its providing in the conditions of risk, instability and uncertainty of modern Russian society includes the riskological concept and the trust theory as the interconnected and intercaused theoretical constructions. This paper substantiates these methodological tools as the most adequate to modern specifics of development of the Russian society.
Basic sociological concepts of comprehension of stability of a young family
This paper examines the main conceptual ideas of understanding a family as a sociological phenomenon. The special focus is made on consideration of criteria for stability of a family. The work discloses functions, structure, conditions of formation and family development.
E.S. Kukva, A.A. Khatsats
Cognitive possibilities of synergetic modeling of identification processes in the youth environment
The paper describes the regional identification space and one of its leading components – multilevel identity – from positions of social synergetics. Basing on synergetic-assessment model of strengthening the Russian national identity in the North Caucasus the author analyzes its cognitive feasibilities in research of identification processes in the environment of young generation. The integral element of the model is the management of identification processes which, in synergetic interpretation, assumes impact at microlevel in order to obtain results at macrolevel.
Sociohistorical features of development of the cities in the North Caucasian region
This paper presents the short historical and sociological review of formation of the cities in the North Caucasian region. The author examines demographic structure, self-government, organization of an order and security and formation of sociocultural infrastructure of city settlements. It is inferred that in the conditions of economic instability and interethnic intensity the multiethnic cities play the major role in society consolidation.
Sociocultural bases of formation of innovation law-enforcement models in the Russian modern society
The paper deals with the problems of legitimacy of activity of law-enforcement system in public consciousness of Russian citizens. The author discusses sociocultural bases of people participation in the law-enforcement activity and characterizes some innovation models.
Technological and educational platforms as self-descriptions of social and economic systems
Modern technological platforms are presented as version of the self-description of the second order of complicated (“hyper complex”) social and economic systems in N. Luhmann's concept. The self-description here gains nature of recursive self-adjustment.
S.A. Lyausheva, Z.Z. Khot
On sociocultural integration of migrants
The paper discusses the actual problem of sociocultural integration of migrant communities in the environment with the different culture. An analysis is made of the possible models and adaptation consequences of integration by using an example of the Russian society.
Features of formation of public opinion on migratory policy
The paper discusses features of formation of public opinion on migration regulation in the Russian Federation and a role of various information sources in this process. The author analyzes information support of migratory policy and interethnic relations as well as defines important aspects of ensuring information security in the Russian Federation. On the basis of a discourse analysis of publications in mass media, priority problems of increasing efficiency of information policy in relation to migration are allocated.
Foreign students’ entry into different culture in the Russian higher education institution: interpersonal aspect (according to results of the sociological researches at the Russian Southern State Technical University (Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute)
The paper shows the results of the sociological poll to detect features of interaction in educational, household and leisure spheres and degree of unity of the Russian and foreign students at the Russian Southern State Technical University (Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute).
Creative management in system of social management of the organization
The paper theoretically interprets problems of creative management in system of social management of the organization. The creative potential becomes a key factor in a context of the creative management which has become priority and constituting the whole system of social management.
Legal culture, public institutes and social practice: correlation problem
The paper contains the analysis of determinants of the legal nihilism which has become an attributive line of the Russian modern society. The author proves need of a comprehensive approach to a solution of the problem of increasing level of the sense of justice including institutional reforming, correction of social practice and real law application.
Special rules of inflicting a punishment defining in detail and concretely the criteria for inflicting a punishment as an element of system of special rules of inflicting a punishment
In the paper, special rules of inflicting a punishment are considered as a composite system. An analysis is made of one of its components, namely: the rules defining in detail and concretely the criteria for inflicting a punishment. The designated element represents a somewhat isolated subsystem and is constructed by a hierarchy principle. However, its legislative fixing does not correspond to principles of the system organization. Changes in the criminal law proposed by the author allow elimination of these contradictions.
Civil control in the conditions of formation of democratic society
An analysis is made of social specifics of institutes of civil control in transformation conditions of formation of democratic society. The author considers institutional and intrinsic features of modern democratic society and comes to a conclusion about dependence of democratic development of the state on extent of development of independent institutes of civil control of the state and administrative authorities, as well as business structures.
Z.S. Kanukova, Z.N.Torogeldiyeva
Phenomenon of crossing cultures of Russia and the Caucasus in Inna Kashezheva's creativity
The paper discusses the dialogue of two cultures promoting preservation of unique abilities of each separate culture. The concept of a phenomenon of crossing cultures of Russia and the Caucasus is disclosed through creativity of well-known Kabardian Russian-speaking poetess Inna Kashezheva. Such a phenomenon is considered as profound mastering by the poet of a cultural heritage of the small people in orientation of rendering influence on the cultural and historical process of the whole country.
Evolution of the concept of just war in M. Walzer's works
After the publication in 1977 of work of Michael Walzer “Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustration” the theory of just war turned into one of leading political concepts of the western philosophy. The theory of just war developed and transformed throughout the next decades. And Walzer was one of the most significant theorists of this doctrine. Analyzing the military conflicts of the present, Walzer proposes to update the theory of just war by means of addition of cases of humanitarian intervention and mode control to principles of jus ad bellum. This paper investigates evolution of views of Walzer on problems of bellum justum, to make it more flexible and objective.
Efficiency of implementation of anti-corruption programs at municipal level in the Russian Federation
An analysis is made of anti-corruption programs at municipal level which do not cope with the corruption phenomena. Examples are given, in which standards of the law do not regulate the developed corruption situation in Russia. Thus, the author considers necessary to undertake cardinal measures to reorganize consciousness in the society.
Ideology factor in the Soviet society: the retrospective analysis in coordinates of ideological security of the state and society
The paper shows that circumstances of manifestation and heightening a factor of ideology in the Soviet society were caused by essential changes of the social reality in connection with the establishment of a new political regime. In new social and political conditions the means of an ideological indoctrination turn into an important resource of the totalitarian or, later, authoritative power. The state put the person in a condition of a complete dependence on itself, and the regime demanded from citizens not simply submission, but continuous manifestation of devotion and appreciation.
Formation of institute of territorial public self-government in new Russia
The paper deals with the formation of institute of territorial public self-government in new Russia as one of the forms of realization of local government. The main objective of this publication is the political and legal analysis of activity of this institute.
Influence of mass media on an ideological context of modern political information space
An analysis is made of a current state of political information space. This paper discloses ways of influence of mass media on ideological processes. Actual empirical data on the relation of the Russian citizens to a role of mass media in society are provided. It is inferred that interpretation should be not only true, but also corresponding to essential interests of the country.
E.M. Malysheva, N.A. Garazha
Review on Lennart Samuelson's monograph “Tankograd: secrets of the Russian back, 1917-1953”. M.: ROSSPEN: Fund “B.N. Yeltsin's Presidential Center”, 2010. 375 p.