#2 / 2013
Virtue and humanity crisis
The paper discusses social and philosophical bases of distinction of the concepts of “virtue” and “humanity”and proves that the humanity crisis is a steady form of healthy life of the western society.
The Armenian periodicals of the South of Russia during the soviet period
The paper characterizes the main milestones in development of the Armenian periodicals of the South of Russia during the Soviet period. The author shows that the Soviet editions of disperse ethnoses were mainly national in language. The materials subordinated to ideological installations of a ruling regime prevailed in their contents.
Monastic system of helping those in need in the Kuban area in the second half of the 19th & early 20th centuries
The paper discusses the monastic system of helping those in need in the Kuban area in the second half of the 19th & early 20th centuries. The author focuses the main attention on the organization of different types and forms of social support to certain categories of the population of the Kuban area, such as poor, aged and disabled members of societies, orphans, patients and wounded. The financial, medical and educational support of monasteries is considered.
Standard and legal base in the labor and employment sphere, regulating the relations between the German employers and the Turkish guest workers in Germany (1990 ó early 21st century)
The paper examines the legal regulation of the labor relations between the Turkish migrants and employers in the territory of the Federative Republic of Germany. The Turkish workers living in Germany are the object of this research. The Turkish guest workers, who live lawfully in the territory of Germany, have sufficient legal opportunities for implementation of labor activity.
Publication of oral evidences on the historical past of the people of the Caucasus in thematic collections
The paper deals with the analysis of oral evidences on history of the Caucasus, published in thematic collections describing the tribes and districts of the Caucasus. The author arrives at a conclusion that materials of the Collection are a valuable historical source on history of the region.
Mountaineers of the Caucasus and North Caucasus journals as a source on history of mountain emigration
The paper discusses the Mountaineers of the Caucasus and North Caucasus journals, issued in Poland, France and Czechoslovakia during the intermilitary period, as a historical source on history of mountain emigration. These journals depicted the ideology of immigrants from the North-Western Caucasus on the most actual questions for Mahadzhirs: domestic and foreign policy of the Soviet Russia, formation of the independent mountain state in the Caucasus, creation of uniform language and the alphabet.
F.Kh. Shebzukhova, I.I. Vashchenko
Policy of the Soviet power in relation to the kulaks in the 1920s: discussions in VKP (b) Central Committee and in society
In the paper, an attempt is undertaken to consider the concept of “the kulak” and to make an analysis of the course of discussions in society and in party on this problem. In this connection the alternative versions of the solution of the kulak problem are investigated.
Concept of information culture: factorial and structural operationalization
The paper deals with the concept definition of information culture. The concept of information culture is interpreted here as one of the aspects of the cultural activity connected with social essence of the person. Development of sociocultural reality by the person is considered as a phenomenon the emergence of which is caused by development of new information technologies, as well as other innovations in this sphere.
Ways of overcoming legal nihilism
Need of creation of civil society for our country demands the deep analysis of a problem related to increase of level of legal culture of the Russian citizens. The legal culture is inconceivable without sense of justice which is its central element. Today the sense of justice is exposed to peculiar deformations in the state and administrative environment. Deformations of sense of justice are considered in the paper as negative distortions of the ideological and psychological sphere of the personality and society. Distortions are most striking in the sphere of professional sense of justice. Among them is legal nihilism, legal infantility or immaturity of sense of justice, negative-legal radicalism, speculative-legal populism and moral-legal conformism.
G.I. Bondarenko, T.B. Bersirov
Modern sense of justice: main tendencies of development
Special attention in the paper is paid to history of formation of civil society in Russia. The purpose of the paper is to focus attention to need of formation of high level of sense of justice on the one hand; and on the other, lawful behavior in the society. It is inferred that the mechanism of formation of civil society is a system of social communications and relations of the people having a certain level of sense of justice, caused by the economic and sociocultural relations, political and cultural interests, as well as by functions of institutes of the civil society, forming requirements and motivational structure of individuals, and, hence, social actions by means of which the administrative process is shown.
Legal culture of law students: problems of professional socialization
An analysis is made of the questions related to development of legal culture in students of law faculties of higher education institutions. On the basis of the analysis of an empirical material prestigiousness of legal professions and dynamics of growth of public interest of the Russian population to them are shown. The author shows the need of high-quality modernization of the legal education answering to modern criteria which are shown to certified specialists of the legal sphere.
O.A.Volkova, A.V. Andrianov
Role of workers` professional identity in social processes
This work deals with the problems of professional identity of workers in innovative development of Russian modern society. Processes of innovative development of the country are the object of research. The subject of research is professional identity of workers in the conditions of innovative development. The purpose of work is to define a role of professional identity of workers in processes of innovative development of the country. Innovative development of the country in many respects depends on the workers having rich innovative potential and possessing strong and steady professional identity.
Social immunity as a subject of a scientific discourse
This paper is devoted to poorly studied problem of social immunity which needs sociological conceptualization and formation of conceptual tools that make a subject field of this research.
Spiritual safety of Russia: main directions of institutional regulation
Threats to spiritual safety of Russia, accurately fixed in its institutional space, demand taking measures of institutional character to minimize social risks and to strengthen spiritual and moral potential of the Russian society. This paper is devoted to research of these important aspects of a problem related to spiritual safety of Russia.
Conceptualization of trust as a sociological phenomenon
The sociological theory of trust is characterized not only by considerable achievements in the field of research of a phenomenon of trust, but also by the methodological contradictions - derivatives of understanding the nature of trust and features of transformation of this phenomenon in modern operating conditions of society. In this paper the author shows need of the accounting of the accumulated knowledge of trust for each of these scientific branches, as well as builds his own sociological understanding of category of trust.
Migration as a conflictogenity factor
The paper discusses migration and the related conflicts. An analysis is made of the reasons of the interethnic conflicts in the conditions of globalization. The author arrives at a conclusion that dialogue of cultures is impossible without equality of cultures, respect for other values and compromise search.
L.A. Pryadkina, V.F. Reps
Communicative function of tourism: sociocultural aspect
The paper discusses a communicative function of tourism and the social and cultural environment of multiethnic regions of the North Caucasus, as well as a cross-cultural communication, conceived here to be the activity assuming interaction of representatives of different cultures in a life and in the course of joint professional activity among students of higher education institutions in the Kavkazskie Mineralnye Vody region.
Network Internet communities: essence and sociocultural characteristics
An analysis is made of conceptual approaches to virtual community research. Internet community is defined as a special type of social association of users of the communication networks integration of which evolves from the general discourse in virtual space at a long and emotional involvement into communication process. Sociocultural features of network Internet communities are characterized.
Traditions in modern society: features of designing identity
The paper provides the culture and philosophic analysis of a role and a place of traditions in formation of personal identity in modern society. The author proves that tradition can be conceived as a sociocultural paradigm of formation of style of thinking and behavior, thematizing historicity. It is noted that process of designing identity in “post-traditional” society assumes pluralism of traditions and communication between them.
E.A Slatvinskaya, K.G. Reps
Sociocultural dynamics of medical tourism in the Kavkazskie Mineralnye Vody: regional aspect
The paper examines medical tourism, features of its formation and development in the region of Kavkazskie Mineralnye Vody. An analysis is given of structure of recreational services and their demand in a complex of medical tour. The importance of formation of the region initially as resort district is noted.
Sociocultural content of a problem of drug addiction in the youth environment
The paper discloses a problem of overcoming negative processes of involvement of young generation in criminal practices, namely in a drug addiction. On the basis of the analysis of a statistical material the author reveals the outlined tendencies in the Russian society and discloses the major factors influencing a narcosituation.
Complex influence of the social factors on health of the population of Russia (as shown by the Rostov region)
The paper studies one of the actual problems of modern society, namely: influence of key social factors on health of the population of Russia. Attention is focused on consecutive and complex influence of unemployment, level of security, welfare and a way of life as social factors on degree of risks and receiving a burn trauma by the population of the Rostov region.
Infosocialization of patients in conditions of health care informatization (from materials of sociological researches)
This paper examines an infosocialization of the patients accompanying process of informatization of health care, and identifies in this regard the problem points in practice of introduction of information and communication technologies in health care. The author shows the importance of a studied question behind which is a quality of life and wellbeing of the population.
Interethnic interaction in the multiethnic region (using an example of the Adyghea Republic)
In the paper, on the basis of materials of the conducted sociological research the author analyzes the features of interethnic interaction of Russians and Adyghes. A characteristic of a modern ethnodemographic situation in the Adyghea Republic is given. Recommendations for stability strengthening in the region are provided.
Features of law subjectness of the personality in Muslim and Russian criminal law
The present paper discusses the features of definition, in the Muslim and Russian law, of such elements of law subjectness of the person as legal capacity and criminal sanity.
Legal aspects of traffic safety
This paper is devoted to safety of traffic participants in Russia. On the basis of study of a standard material, small in number scientific articles, reports in situ and mass media analytical programs it is inferred that work on safety on roads is insufficient. Hence, it is necessary to correct, taking into account command of time, “Traffic Regulations”, having changed their legal status to Law level, as well as to make changes in articles of the criminal code of the Russian Federation on responsibility for road accident, taking an opportunity of its new edition.
The hospital cash in the structure of workers’ insurance under the Law of the Russian Empire “On the health insurance of workers”
This work discusses accidental and health insurance of workers in the Russian Empire. The Law of 1912 “On the health insurance of the workers”, thanks to which an insurance institute appears for the first time, is analyzed in the paper.
The features of function control of the Moscow state orders at the jurisdiction according to standards of the Cathedral Code of 1649
The paper is devoted to the regulation of activity of the Moscow state orders at the jurisdiction according to standards of the Cathedral Code of 1649. The adoption of this code enriched essentially the law-making practice of the Moscow state.
The content of concept of “Educational Center” within reforming the criminal - justice system
The paper discloses the content of concept of “Educational Center” within reforming the criminal - justice system. In particular, the author lists the main objectives of the educational center, as well as its internal structure.
On typology of fractals in the culture theory
The paper is devoted to a problem of fractal classification in a culturological research field. This work examines some terminological variants of fractals used in modern urbanistics and literary criticism along with the types of fractals accepted in mathematics. The specific content of different types of fractals related to cultural phenomena is revealed and the term of “conceptual fractal” is proposed for the description of nonspatial fractality of sociocultural systems and objects.
The Russian culture in a context of an orthodox world view
The paper is devoted to research of the Russian culture in a context of an orthodox world view, to identification of the factors lying in the basis of the birth of the Russian spirituality and its nature, to the analysis of features of the Russian culture and Russian national consciousness and to consideration of spiritual aspect of the Russian cultural experience. In the paper, an analysis is made of scientific literature on comprehension of the Russian culture in a context of an orthodox world view and on definition of a role of the religion which has affected the formation and preservation of basic cultural wealth in the Russian culture.
Problems and prospects of development of the constitutional state in Russia: political aspect
The paper explores political aspects and prospects of development of the constitutional state in Russia. An analysis is made of scientific ideas of the constitutional state in political and legal thought. The author examines the relationship of the state and the personality and their influence at each other in the constitutional state. The main directions of development of the constitutional state in Russia are defined.
A.Kh. Sukiasyan, O.G. Evstifeeva
Institutionalization mechanism for social responsibility of business
The paper provides the author's understanding of the institutionalization mechanism for social responsibility of business on regional space. The attention is focused on such mechanism of an institutionalization as increase of degree of subjectness, i.e. level of understanding by business community of their interests, including social responsibility. The author notes that political subjectness of the Russian business should be considered in the conditions of a prevalence of informal practices concerning “the power-business community” interaction. This is because now conditions and factors of formation of political subjectness of domestic business community are determined by mechanisms of the state corporativism which describe practice of state regulation of process of an articulation of interests and business community requirements for the purpose of state establishment as a source of their legitimacy.
Abstracts of Monographs
Monograph by Ivaschenko A.S. “Policy of the USA concerning Afghanistan (1945-1998)”, published in Moscow in 2000. Work length 357 p., 430 sources of information
In the monograph, on the basis of the original sources the author gives the objective analysis of the purposes of US policy concerning Afghanistan and their evolution.
For the first time an attempt is undertaken to examine the evolution of the US policy concerning Afghanistan from 1945 to 1998 depending on development of the Soviet (Russian) - Afghan relations. The book clears up and analyzes separate aspects of policy of the USA concerning Afghanistan which were not depicted not only in domestic, but also in the American historiography, in particular, humanitarian assistance of the USA to the Afghan refugees and displaced persons.
During research the following principles were used: the account of variety of interests in the international affairs, an assessment of all processes from realism positions, a freedom of choice, a priority of universal values, etc. It is proved that the USA did not assign a priority part to Afghanistan in the foreign policy strategy in the South Western Asia both before the events on April 27, 1978 in this country, and after them.
Results of research can be used when studying the international relations in the South Western Asia. The concrete facts and conclusions presented in the monograph, can become indispensable support when studying foreign policy of the USA and Afghanistan, as well as when developing lecture courses, special courses and special seminars on problems of policy of the USA concerning developing countries.
The monograph is intended for specialists in the international relations, teachers of higher education institutions and students.