#4 / 2016
Propaganda and prognostic activity of the Russian radical political parties in Armavir in the early 20th century
This paper discusses the revolutionary events which took place in Armavir from the early 20th century to 1915. On the basis of the actual material presented by archival sources, the author clarifies the process of increasing revolutionary movement in Armavir: distribution in the village of propaganda literature of various political orientations, work of underground printing houses and participation of various categories of the population in strikes.
The Caucasus in focus of geopolitical interests of world powers: history and present
The aim of this paper is to explore the contemporary geopolitical fight for the Caucasus through a prism of fight of the Russian Empire, the Ottoman Porte and Persia for this region in the 18th century. Considering past events, an attempt is made to predetermine a further vector of events in the region, having outlined a circle of interests of the largest players in the Caucasus.
Kagazezhev B.S., Kagazezhev R.B.
History of development of national education in the Adyghea Autonomous Region in the 1920-1930s
The aim of this research is to study the major problems, related to development of national education in the Adyghea Autonomous Region during the post-revolutionary period. The authors show the role of activity of authorities in training national personnel, as well as the problems related to opening new schools in the region.
Development of study of local lore in Adyghea in the 1920s
An analysis is made of the development of study of local lore in Adyghea in the 1920s as the initial stage of shaping historical knowledge about the region. The attention focuses on creation of local history societies, the initiative organizations which were engaged in accumulation and elucidation of historical and ethnographic materials.
Muslim youth subcultures in the Karachay-Cherkessia Republic: structure and functions
Shaping and functioning of the Muslim youth subcultures performing religious socialization function proceed in the Karachay-Cherkessia under conditions of globalization and reinstitutionalization of Islam. Young Muslims stand apart in the dominating culture of traditionalist Islam. Value orientations to the ideas of Islamic fundamentalism, appearance, an image, lifestyle and the gender relations act as identification indicators in their environment.
Bedrik A.V., Serikov A.V.
Classical European diasporas of the Rostov Region: social practices of reproduction of identity
The paper examines features of reproduction of three European classical diasporas of the Rostov region (Greeks, Germans, Poles) during the Post-Soviet period. An analysis is made of transformation of a demographic data set of the people in the region in a historical retrospective. Migratory, assimilatory, foreign policy and natural demographic factors of change of number of ethnoses are shown. The description is provided for constructive and instrumentalistic social practices of the ethnocultural self-preservation of communities.
Bersirov B.M., Bersirova S.A.
Spelling reform and society
The paper investigates the forms of impact of social factors on language. Oral and written forms of language make it possible for the participant of communication to fully join in important processes of public life. Spelling is important for society, it defines how process of written communication, without which functioning of public life is almost impossible today, will proceed. Society set a goal to make spelling such that it met the main requirements of communicative process. To achieve this goal we need to implement the following condition: to introduce such rules in education, learning of which would demand extremely reasonable expenses of time and intelligence.
Sociological insight into distance learning (statement of a problem)
The paper deals with the correlation of the concepts "distant education" and "distance learning" and shows possibilities of sociological insights into distance learning and distant technologies. Distance learning is represented as social institute. Data obtained as a result of pilot poll among students and teachers of distance learning are cited.
Voitenko V.P., Serikov A.V., Gubarev I.V.
Level of conflictogenity of the international and interfaith relations in the city of Rostov-on-Don
The paper gives the results of sociological poll of Rostov-on-Don residents aimed at identification of level of conflictogenity of the international and interfaith relations in the city. Results of research show that despite presence at ethnic space of the city of Rostov-on-Don of representatives of more than 100 nationalities, continuous migratory inflow from other regions of Russia and abroad and the activity of diasporas and confessional organizations, the system of the international relations in the urban environment remains steady and stable.
Volkov Yu.G., Degtyarev A.K., Lubsky A.V.
Possibilities of implementation of value policy and institutional practices of the USA in the sphere of the international relations in Russia
This paper presents the results of a pilot sociological research on problems of the interethnic relations. The research was conducted in 2016 within realization of a grant of the Russian Scientific Fund No. 15-18-00122 "Institutional practices and value policy in the sphere of harmonization of the interethnic relations in economically developed countries with the complex ethnocultural structure: the comparative analysis and modeling of implementation in the Russian conditions". In the course of multistage formation of the Russian value policy, sociological researches in the south of Russia confirm a possibility of selective implementation of elements of legislative and organizational experience of the USA in the sphere of harmonization of the interethnic relations in the Russian conditions.
Volkov Yu.G., Chernobrovkin I.P., Voitenko V.P.
Possibilities of implementation of value policy and institutional practices of the FRG in the sphere of harmonization of the interethnic relations in Russia
Results of a pilot sociological research on problems of the interethnic relations are given in this paper. The research was conducted in 2016 within realization of a grant of the Russian Scientific Fund No. 15-18-00122 "Institutional practices and value policy in the sphere of harmonization of the interethnic relations in economically developed countries with the complex ethnocultural structure: the comparative analysis and modeling of implementation in the Russian conditions". In the course of multistage formation of the Russian value policy sociological researches in the south of Russia confirm a possibility of implementation of elements of legislative and organizational experience of the FRG in the sphere of harmonization of the interethnic relations in the Russian society.
Representation of social entropy in the Russian history in the context of evolutionary and revolutionary changes
The paper discusses circumstances of manifestation of social entropy in the context of evolutionary and revolutionary changes, closely associated with vectors and forms of semantic interaction of the past and the present in logic of entropic growth and expansion of a sociality. Expansion of social entropy demonstrates disorganization of social memory as symbolical reconstruction of the past in the present and set of sociocultural practices, carrying out selection and transformation of information to knowledge of the past to preserve and translate a significant sociocultural experience.
Denisova G.S., Glushkova S.A., Cherevkov O.S.
Civil law component of youth identity in the Rostov region and Kabardino-Balkaria
This paper presents the results of analysis of the data obtained during a pilot sociological research which was conducted in the Rostov region and Kabardino-Balkar Republic. In order to reveal orientations of youth to a civic activist stand, the research was made to identify the youth’s attitude towards human rights as to the main value of the political organization of public life, as well as to investigate the principles of interaction of the citizen and the state, the attitude towards social activity and understanding of its sense.
Zakovorotnaya M.V., Blagorodova E.A.
A role of professional recognition in the Russian contemporary society
The paper analyzes the concept of "social" recognition in works of the German philosopher Axel Honnet and its influence on definition of the place of professional recognition in the Russian contemporary society.
Religiosity as an indicator of public life
The paper analyzes the concept of "religiosity" in the context of the social and cultural situation in the North Caucasus. Data are provided on sociological studies of the role of religion in public life which were carried out in Russia as a whole and in the region, in particular. Prospects of development of religion and religiosity in the North Caucasus republics are shown.
Kasparov A.R., Setov R.Yu.
Influence of ethnic identity on the conflicts in professional groups
The paper discusses features of impact of ethnic identification processes on the conflictogenic potential in professional groups. On the basis of the conducted sociological research, the authors point out that cross-cultural dialogue acts as the effective communicative tool to overcome interethnic tension in professional community.
Kiroy V.N., Nekhay V.N., Ilyinova N.A., Khachetsukov Z.M.
The directions and extenders of analytical tools in researches of the interfaith relations
The paper analyzes the possibilities to integrate methods of sociology, psychology, psychophysiology and neurophysiology in researches of ethnosocial processes. More profound comprehension of the nature of social processes and development of ways and technologies of their management led now to the fact that the small social group and/or the individual become the significant actor of social processes. This demands multifold clarification and accounting features of functioning of all levels of this actor, on the one hand, to comprehend the nature of social behavior of the person, and on the other, to obtain more objective information on a state of social processes and their dynamics.
Kiroy V.N., Khachetsukov Z.M., Lyausheva S.A., Ilyinova N.A.
Assessment of ethnosocial processes in the South of Russia on the basis of sociological and psychological measurements
The paper presents the empirical data obtained within implementation of the second stage of scientific project No. 15-18-00148 "Ethnosocial processes and interethnic intensity in the south of Russia: perfecting analytical tools and ways of regulation", supported by RNF. The sociological and psychological measurements made in a number of regions of the South of Russia made it possible to draw a conclusion that correlation of methods of various sciences is needed at assessment of ethnosocial processes.
Kosov V.V., Tsarakhova N.V.
Criminal subculture as phenomenon of the Russian contemporary society
This paper examines the phenomenon of a criminal subculture in the conditions of the Russian contemporary reality. The authors analyze influence of criminal value standards on world outlook of the younger generation of the Russians. The work emphasizes impact of criminal culture on processes of the political, social and economic transformations taking place in today's Russia.
Lyausheva S.A., Pozdnyakova T.S.
Fashion and ethnoreligious traditions: specifics of mutual influence
The paper analyzes specifics of mutual influence of ethnoconfessional traditions and fashion. The authors emphasize an important role of ethnic traditions in creation of the consolidated society that is especially relevant in the conditions of globalization. Also the publication shows that in the absence of steady ethnoreligious traditions the level of fashion perception considerably increases.
The contemporary informational processes as factor of development of extremist principles in society
In this paper the author investigates the influence of informational processes on the general orientation of social attitudes of the population. It is proved that the content of information space defines not only the nature of internal processes in society, but also determines an orientation of political processes that, in turn, is bound to existence of correlation between urgent inquiries of the population and actions of the power. Along with it, the paper shows that character of information messages defines an orientation of natural social processes, actualizing, thereby, not only constructive, but also negative tendencies in society. At the same time, at the level of information space there is a natural distribution also of the destructive social attitudes that is a serious reason of intensification of processes, respectively, of the destructive self-organization in society. Separately, in this paper, the author defines the role of the contemporary informational processes in development of the factors causing activization of extremism as most riskogenous social deviation.
Mosina O.A., Kitokova J.M.
On genesis of the conflict between the generations in Russia
The problem of the conflict between generations is relevant for the modern scientific discourse. A research of genesis of the declared problem in this paper allowed the authors to define conceptual bases of the inter-generational conflict of the 21st century in Russia.
Metamorphoses of the concept "patriotism" under conditions of globalization and cultural de-bordering
This paper is dedicated to the culturological analysis of the concept "patriotism" in a contemporary rapidly globalizing world. This concept had always the singular value for the Russian reality that was reflected not only in the spiritual medium, but also in ideology, policy, culture, economy, etc. In this connection, it is a topical task to understand the essence of the contemporary patriotism in Russia formed throughout centuries-old history of the Russian society.
Podolskiy V.V., Maseev S.V.
Subcultural transformations as a factor of formation of deviant behavior among young people
This paper explores the factors influencing formation of deviant behavior among young people: social, economic, psychological and pedagogical. The author also analyzes influence of subcultural currents on effectiveness of the contemporary institutes of personal socialization.
Samygin S.I., Mikhaylov A.P., Kovalev V.V.
Informal associations of young people: deviation or semi-legitimate form of social self-expression?
The paper explores the problem of the prejudiced society attitude to informal associations of young people. The analysis is carried out to compare conceptual content of informal associations of young people and such terms, interfacing to it, as a subculture, deviant behavior, and the formal and informal groups.
Sociological assessment of corruption: new horizons
This paper examines the main methodological approaches to measuring corruption, its composite economic, political and social nature. On the basis of generalization of the researches of bribery, the author's systemic technique of assessment of corruption (STAC) is suggested and the first results of its application are described.
Sorokin S.A., Chibizov V.V.
Armed forces of Russia in the conditions of social and political reforming
In this paper, an analysis is made of influence of the state transformations of the late 20th century on stability of functioning of the Russian armed forces. The authors investigate the factors causing sociocultural perception of army in civil society.
Teshev V.A., Ogannisyan M.A.
Career development as personnel motivation factor
This paper deals with the major factors of personnel motivation in work. Career development as a decisive factor of personnel motivation is described in detail. Need to use a system of dual education for increase in professionalism of the expert, i.e., for his further career development is confirmed.
Methodological approaches to the study of migration processes
The paper examines a number of theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of migration and migration processes. The publication describes the basic sociological theories of foreign and domestic scientists, in the context of which the migration processes, the migrant communities, host communities, etc. were studied in recent years. Also the author deals with economic models of migration.
Prophylaxis of deviant behavior as form of social monitoring: regional innovations
This paper analyzes the problems of prophylaxis of deviant behavior at young people. The author carries out the analysis of development of asocial tendencies among young people, and shows the main problems of formation of legal culture at representatives of the younger generation as one of the forms of social prevention.
Transformation of interaction of society and power as condition of overcoming sociocultural nihilism
The paper contains the analysis of the main determinants of the nihilistic moods in the Russian contemporary society caused by dysfunctions of the power-society system. The author sets a goal to detect new opportunities of conducting the extensive public dialogue focused on increase in the mutual trust between all participants of communicative action.
Migratory processes and cultural marginalization
The paper discusses two aspects of the question, topical for the contemporary sociology: interrelation of processes of migration and cultural marginalization in the contemporary society. The first aspect deals with the analysis of migration and consequences of the increasing migratory activity, and the second aspect directly concerns cultural marginalization and its main features.
Evolution of models of cross-cultural communication in the new interstate unions (taking an example of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation)
The paper explores the features of cross-cultural communication in the contemporary interstate associations, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). Main objectives and tasks of the organization in the field of cultural policy are shown and examples of the major cultural projects are given. It is inferred that the dynamics of models of cross-cultural communication of SCO members allows the countries that participate in it to efficiently implement cross-cultural dialogue and create new models of cross-cultural communication in the conditions of globalization and fast increasing informational flow.
Hermeneutical experience to comprehend sociocultural regional transformations related to collectivization
Using a hermeneutics method, on the basis of profound interviews with 149 former collective farmers, an attempt is undertaken to analyze sociocultural transformations related to collectivization policy. Conversations with respondents suggest that there were considerable sociocultural changes. As a result of collectivization national peculiarities were lost. The standard of work, festive and song culture, culture of drink and moral values changed. According to eyewitnesses of collectivization, people changed, conciliarity left and everyone became for himself. Conclusions of this research are urgent today for a comprehension of the contemporary processes in society, since Post-Soviet Russia is a successor of the Soviet period associated with cultural continuity.
Childhood problem in early works of the archpriest V.V. Zenkovsky (the analysis of his comment to K. Groce's book "Sincere life of the child", 1916)
The paper analyzes V.V. Zenkovsky's comment to K. Groce's book "Sincere life of the child" (1916) which is published as introduction. A significance of its review essay is defined not so much by remarks to the author as a position of the philosopher-theologian on cases in point. This work should be regarded as self-contained, without being limited to a framework of the peer-reviewed book. The present analysis is carried out in comparison to results of the modern scientific knowledge in the field.
The cultural and historical prospects of revival of the Adyghe (Circassian) ethnos in the conditions of globalization
The paper analyzes features of cultural and historical evolution of the Adyghe (Circassian) ethnos. On the basis of identification of the enthropic effect in spiritual life of the Adyghes generated by globalization processes and space differentiation of the Circassian ethnos, the author suggests that a number of the socio-integrative measures focused on a cultural reconsolidation of the Adyghe society should be developed.
On inadmissibility of interrogation of the investigator as the witness on criminal cases
The paper discusses the opportunities of court to use testimonies of the subject of investigation in judicial session and their evidentiary value from the point of view of the principles of criminal trial and its moral principles. Specific proposals are made to change the content of Article 56 of the Code of Penal Procedure of the Russian Federation and to endue the subject of investigation with procedural immunity to prevent his interrogation as the witness on the circumstances, which are not relating to the investigative actions made by him.
Topical issues of judges’ safety
The paper examines the current state of institute of the state protection of judges in Russia. The author analyzes a legal basis of safety of the above-stated persons. During the analysis of law-enforcement practice, the problems arising during this activity are identified and ways of their elimination are offered.