#2 / 2016
On influence of the ethnic factor on development of social and economic infrastructure of Central Kuban (mid 19th and early 20th centuries)
The paper explores the problems of living of various ethnic groups in Central Kuban in local economic realities and needs to develop social and economic infrastructure of the region in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries, their influence on development of the region, its capitalist development, creation of the industry, development of agricultural industry, civil engineering, and emergence of new shopping centers.
Adyghes in emigration: between the Homeland and France
In 1917 – 1919, in France, not only the Russian diaspora which left the Homeland after the October Revolution of 1917, but also Caucasian diaspora was gradually created. In France each refugee who was more senior than 15 years could receive the Nansen passport from the French authorities in the Ministry of Internal Affairs of France. In this work, on the basis of the new archival materials, we obtained from Archive of Police of Prefecture of France, the attitude of Adyghe emigrants to obtaining the French nationality and the French passport - that is in general - to France, is analyzed.
Burykina L.V., Fedoseeva L.D.
Formation of a social self-consciousness in a discourse of the Russian historical education
The paper analyzes the development of the Russian historical education, which experiences a considerable transformation in the conditions of globalization. This is related to policy of imposing the values of the western society positioned as universal values. The authors come to a conclusion that in the modern conditions Russia is capable to develop characteristic globalization strategy which is carrying out the ideas of sense of historical process created in a social self-consciousness based on unique axiological basis.
The state sovereignty in the conditions of globalization of society and development of information and computer technologies
This paper discusses the process of transformation of the state sovereignty in the conditions of globalization and the development of information and communication technologies. At the same time it is noted that social changes represent a contradictory process where along with positive aspects various threats and risks are determined. A number of negative social changes are directly related to the state sovereignty.
Wartime daily life of teenagers in social memory of contemporaries (as shown by Stavropol Region)
The paper discusses the dynamics of development of research interest in teenagers’ problem in days of the Great Patriotic War in the Soviet and Russian historiography. A valid conclusion about need to actively use historical memory of teenagers and about teenagers of wartime in patriotic education of modern youth is proved. In addition, the scientific comprehension of this subject will expand parameters of event history of the Great Patriotic War.
Resettlement policy of Tsarism in the 1880-1890s: the goal and results
The 1880-1890s in Russia are known as the period of transition of the government to conservative reactionary course which was expressed along with others in an aggravation of a resettlement question. The paper discusses attempts of the government on introduction of the resettlement movement to "the necessary course". In this regard an analysis is made of strengthening of the unauthorized resettlement movement of peasants by the end of the 1870s, its main reasons, and participation of territorial institutions in the problem solution. Also activity of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Ministry of State-Owned Properties of settlement of a resettlement question is investigated, drafts of laws of 1881 and 1889 on resettlement are compared, and a conclusion about discrepancy of government policy on the problem solution is proved.
Contribution of women and children of the Circassian autonomous region in a victory in the Great Patriotic War
Materials of this paper supplement a historiography of Karachay-Cherkessia with the data reflecting, first, withdrawal pains of traditional tenor of life of the people of the Circassian autonomous region, labor feats of women and children in the first and postoccupational years of the Great Patriotic War, their participation in mobilization, resistance to fascists; and secondly, preservation and realization of traditional institute of hospitality. The paper focuses on the fact that from the beginning of war these layers of the population, which were earlier carrying out "supporting parts" in social life traditionally not participating in heavy agricultural and industrial production, became the main labor resource of the area.
Features of evolution of social advertising in a historical retrospective
This paper describes the specificity of formation of social advertising in a cultural and historical retrospective of Russia. The author allocates stages of development of social advertising and on this basis defines interrelation of advertising and changes taking place in society and in the state.
Vartanyan E.V., Podolsky V.V.
Sociocultural factors of deformation of sense of justice of youth: bases of theoretical comprehension
The present paper deals with the theoretical analysis of deformation of legal consciousness of the younger generation of Russians, examines a perspective of influence on sociocultural models of its behavior and factors of both subjective, and objective character. Also the paper discusses theoretical approaches of modern Russian writers to research of deviant practices as consequences of development of nigilistic forms of youth’s outlook.
Socionormative system of culture of Adyghes as factor of formation of legal culture of the Adyghe ethnos
The paper discusses the basics of socionormative system of culture of Adyghes as factor of formation of legal culture of the Adyghe ethnos. From the point of view of the author, the legal culture of the Adyghe ethnos combines in itself the Adat, Muslim and European legal values.
Sociocultural conditions of formation of positive perception of law-enforcement agencies by modern civil society
This paper examines the degree of trust of civil society to law-enforcement system in modern Russian reality. The author makes the theoretical analysis of influence of image of representatives of law-enforcement agencies on efficiency of their interaction with the population of Russia.
Tendencies in development of the leisure sphere of physically disabled people during the post-Olympic period (as shown by Sochi 2014)
This paper is intended to illustrate how the infrastructure of the city, favorable for handicapped national groups, created in Sochi, provided the maximum possibility of free movement for physically disabled people. Authors make an attempt to find out how representatives of this target group could diversify the leisure now, thanks to those changes which happened in social and cultural objects of the resort.
Correctional sociology and its place in research of mechanisms of the personality’s social justification
This paper analyzes the social deviations resulting from "failures" in activity of agents and institutes of socialization and impact on it of asocial or criminal elements at various stages of socialization of the personality, as well as makes a search for the most effective ways to socially justify the personality who has undergone this influence. According to the author, there is a need to use the term "correction" in modern sociology as more relevant one in comparison to "resocialization" when we speak about an incomplete cycle of socialization of the personality or when there is no need for radical change of system of values and vital strategy of the personality.
Features of formation of students’ professional identity at higher education institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
This paper discusses the questions of interrelation of professional identity and professional adaptation. On its basis the author shows the general and private between two phenomena, and direct dependence of professional adaptation on professional identity of students of educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, as well as negative factors of each of psychological phenomena which can become a source and the activator of professional deformation of staff of law-enforcement agencies.
Khlabystova N.V., Khokhlov D.S.
Social influence: conformism and conformality of the personality
In the paper, the essence of conformism and conformality are studied. The authors provide classifications of these concepts and examine the factors influencing conformism and conformal behavior of the personality. Motivational submission of the personality to social influence is described.
Mechanisms of formation of social consciousness in the context of ecological safety
The author shows that the social consciousness represents result of communication of carriers of various outlook principles. The paper studies the mechanisms and factors of formation of social consciousness in the context of problems of ecological safety. The positive and negative role of modern information space, and information products in actualization of ecological problems are analyzed. Problems of reflection of ecological subject at the level of social consciousness are revealed and analyzed.
Specific features of the Canadian impressionism in painting of the 21st century in the context of ethnoculture
The Canadian impressionism is the unusual phenomenon. At the beginning of the 21st century it became one of the main directions of the modern fine arts of Canada and at the same time one of the uniting factors of the civil nation of Canadians in the context of ethnoculture. However this subject, being important line of the Canadian multiculturalism, was not clarified in a domestic and foreign Canada-related studies. The Canadian impressionism today has specific features in subject and technology of genre and landscape painting that distinguish it from the European impressionism of the beginning of the 20th century.
The August Channel: problems and prospects of development
This paper is dedicated to the August Channel as the hydraulic engineering construction, its reconstruction and components. The place of the August Channel in river system of area is defined; natural features of the August Channel and monuments of architecture are analyzed; the characteristic of modern infrastructure of the channel is given in detail; and further prospects of development of the August Channel are described.
Some features of system of a sound recording of rock music in the USSR and countries of Eastern Europe in a historical communication retrospective
In the paper, the communication history in the sphere of a musical sound recording in the USSR and countries of Eastern Europe is presented in the form of a certain conditional system which is disclosed in the context of development of national rock music in each of former socialist countries in the second half of the 20th century. Object of this publication is the system of a sound recording of rock music, the subject of paper is made by features of organizational and creative interaction of a sound recording and rock music in the USSR, Czechoslovakia, GDR, Yugoslavia, Poland, Bulgaria and Romania.
Theoretical core around which methodological bases of research are grouped is the theory of communication with broad attraction of knowledge from cultural science and the intellectual law. All methodological approaches to the analysis of the social phenomena act as priorities: specific historical and descriptive methods, comparative and legal, dialectic system, and structurally functional analyses.
Models of the organization of a gramophone recording are retrospectively analyzed, consistent patterns of development and features of functioning of sound recording establishments are determined. Using an example of release of some "sign" phonograph records with record of the western rock groups, we show the non-standard character of the musical management working in those conditions, and first of all at the choice of phonographic repertoire for the purpose of the official publication for mass consumption, in particular according to the scheme: "from anonymous advance – to anonymous musical material". Similarities and distinctions are defined in the organization of systems of a sound recording of rock music in the abovementioned countries. Finally we offer the understanding of an institution of a sound recording of rock music in the USSR and countries of Eastern Europe as complex cluster of communications where steady rules were created and the specific principles worked.
Tolerance as the principle of the international relations in multiethnic Karachay-Cherkessia
The paper explores the specific features of formation of the tolerant relations between the people and cultures of Karachay-Cherkessia in multiethnic society, as well as prospects of preservation of their originality. Of great significance in it is mentality of the contacting people. Tolerant relations are being developed for centuries, especially at the ethnic and national levels.
Evolution of concepts of nuclear control
This paper explores the evolution of policy of nuclear control. The author examines nuclear doctrines of the states and various concepts， put forward by scientists and politicians. On the basis of the studied material the conclusion is drawn that at the beginning of the history the nuclear weapon was perceived as the acceptable means of warfare. However during an aggravation of ideological opposition during Cold War, in an international and political discourse, the nuclear weapon was considered as means of military-political control. Special attention in research is paid to studying a role and a place of new nuclear powers in policy of nuclear control.