#2 / 2005
Historical and political Sciences
A.Sh. Buzarov, S.A. Nadyukov
Christianity in Shapsugiya: historical aspect
The paper describes the Caucasus as one of the ancient centres of Christianity where the doctrine of the Christ began to penetrate in the same centuries as in the Roman Empire. The Northwest Caucasus has gone through two waves of Christianization. The first wave – Orthodox – dates back to 7th-13th centuries. It is associated with the influence of the Byzantian Empire. The second wave – Catholic – is related to occurrence in the region in the 1260s – 1270s of a plenty of Genoeses and other natives from the Apennines. This period lasted till 1470s and has resulted in distribution of Catholicisms in Zikhiya-Circassia. And though there have already been two episcopal faculties in Zikhiya in the middle of the 14th century, the Christian religion has not received deep penetration and Circassians perceived only an external basically ceremonial system the elements of which were densely bound with a fabric of Adyghe Paganism.
F.A. Shcherbina as a historian and chronicler of the Russian-Circassian War
The paper is a narrative of life and activities of F.A. Shcherbina – a historian and chronicler of the Russian-Circassian War.
Power and the population of the North Caucasus during the revolution and the First World War (1917-1920)
The paper reveals the attitude of the population in the North Caucasus to the new government generated after October, 1917. The paper gives an analysis of the recognition of the Soviet authority by the population of the region, specific features of its responses to various actions of the government in the region and realization of a political line of the Bolshevik regime in relation to various layers of the North Caucasian society.
On the major steps undertaken by the government of the USSR in the area of international activity on prevention of unleashing of the Second World War and aggression of the German fascism against the Soviet state
In the paper the author reveals complexity of an international situation on the eve and during the Second World War, positions of forces of the world community, steps undertaken by the Soviet state on bridling fascist aggression and barring from unleashing the Second World War and discusses the results of the Second World War.
Sociological and Cultural Studies
The phenomenon of deviation: theoretical-methodological foundations
In the present research the author discloses the theoretical-methodological foundations of such a complicated social phenomenon as deviation of behaviour and its role in etiology of criminality. The problem of deviating behaviour assumes to result from easing of normative regulation of behaviour of the individual, as well as disorganization of public relations and structures in the social-normative model of the juvenile politics of the state. Such concepts as a social control, the sanction, norm etc. are used. The author comes to a conclusion that the scientific substantiation of the phenomenon of deviation of behaviour in the youth environment has defined occurrence of some theoretical-methodological approaches to the present problems.
Sciences of Law
Jurisprudence and the problems of perfection of the legislation
The activity of the Russian legislators should be based on scientific legal concepts. The main problem of scientists in the field of the legislation is the development of concepts of the future legal acts designed both for the current execution and for the long-term prospect.
Powers of republics as the subjects of the Russian Federation in the field of international relations (as shown by the Adygheya Republic)
In the paper the analysis is made of various concepts in a science of the international law concerning participation of the subjects of federation in the international relations and their international legal status. On the basis of such analysis the author comes to a conclusion that the members of federation can be subjects of international law. This takes place if, first, such an opportunity is stipulated in the federal constitution, and, second, such opportunity is supposed by the international community or, at least it silently recognizes the right of the subjects of federation to participate in the international relations.
Implementation of public prosecutions on affairs about the murders accomplished by socially dangerous way
The usual criminal situation points to growth of the crimes accomplished by socially dangerous way (with application of explosives). The paper discloses implementation of public prosecutions on investigation of these crimes by the Office of Public Prosecutor.
On the right of republics to exit from the structure of the Russian Federation
The paper is devoted to one of the most controversial problems in a science of the constitutional law - the right of subjects to exit from the structure of a federative state. The author proves that the subjects of federation can put a question as to their exit from the federation only if such right is provided by the federal constitution. In absence of such clause this question can be raised only by subjects of the federation representing the form of self-determination of the nations and peoples.
Political Sciences and Social Movements
National interests and safety of Russia in context of geopolitics
The geopolitics is closely connected with national safety of the state. It examines models of construction of the World Order, determines the basic concepts of global safety and safety of separate regions. Transformation of geopolitical thinking makes a great impact on the formation of new approaches to national safety. Factors of national safety are realized in geopolitical space.
Ethnic policy: the theory and practice
In the paper the author raises the questions of ethnic policy. Theoretical and practical problems are considered.
The training of music teachers in higher schools: cultural science aspects
In the paper the substantiation is given for a cultural approach as a methodological basis of person- focused education in higher schools and a source of developing the person of the future teacher, his professional skills. A cultural orientation of the person of music teacher is regarded as a component of the general and pedagogical culture. The concept is presented on nonconventional knowledge of the person essence as a component of pedagogical culture and its axiological and educational potential in the training of music teacher in higher schools.