#3 / 2005
Historical and political Sciences
Barter with the mountaineers on the east coast of the Black Sea in the first half of the 19th century
The paper shows the development of trade, economic and cultural relations of Adyghes with Russian population on the east coast of the Black Sea in the first half of the 19th century. The meanings of both a barter form of trade and such new forms as fair, market, farming etc are disclosed.
The German colonies of the Northwest Caucasus in the second half of the 19th century: historiographic aspect
The paper gives a historiographic review of the formation of German settlements in the Northwest Caucasus in the second half of the 19th century. Achievements of a domestic historiography and the problems of studying related to creation of a generalizing picture of social and economic, political and ethno-cultural processes in German settlements are examined.
General A.I.Denikin, the leader of the White South
The analysis is given of A.I.Denikin’s activity as the Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces in the South of Russia.
The state system of White Russia
The paper is devoted to the organization of the State authority in the South of Russia after the Voluntary army has occupied the Black Sea and Stavropol provinces, with the centre in Ekaterinodar.
The White’s movement in the South of Russia
The paper is devoted to ideology of the White’s movement in the South of Russia.
Professional work of city workers during the Civil War: social liberation of the epoch of economic decline
The paper is devoted to various aspects of work of city workers in force majeure of system crisis of the Russian society and the State which have struck the country during the revolutionary shocks and Civil War of 1917 – 1921. Also an influence of various political, social, economic and ideological factors on work of city workers during the Civil War was examined. A study was also made on the character of the changes that have taken place among the workers and in the sphere of professional work of city workers.
Social and political activity of the legal Muslim organizations in France and Germany
This study is devoted to coexistence of representatives of various faiths within the framework of uniform political, economic and cultural space. The experience of some European countries related to a protection of the significant Muslim population from the influence of radical currents in Islam is suggested for justification of complicated interethnic and interconfessional problems in the modern Russian Federation.
A system of youth selection for higher educational institutions of Bulgaria and Poland: socialist experience (1948-1989)
The paper is devoted to evolution of a policy of formation of a student's contingent in Bulgaria and Poland. The basic attention is given to the comparative analysis of principles and criteria of selection of youth in higher schools, such as success in the certificate about secondary education, results of entrance examinations, the experience of work, a social origin, a territorial belonging, age and a state of health. Studying of experience of youth selection in higher schools will remain acute until there is a limited access to a system of higher education.
Sciences of Law
Legislation as one of the sources of the right
The paper is devoted to investigation of legislation, one of the most important sources of the right at the present stage. Speaking about a correlation of the right and the legislation, the author proves that the legislation is one of the forms of the right.
The role of the Constitution in formation of legal systems of the countries - members of the CIS
The paper examines the role of the Constitution as the center of legal systems. Constitutions of the countries – members of the CIS define the main principles of formation of legal systems, create strong normative base of the constitutional changes, legally provide their necessity and stimulate processes of reforming in the countries of the CIS.
Legal bases of protection of honour and dignity of the person of military men (the Military Commissariat of the Republic of Adygheya)
The paper examines the legal order of protection of honour and dignity of the person of military men in a society, the order of a refutation of slanderous statements and measures of administrative and a civil liability to offenders.
Reasons and the conditions promoting perpetration of robbery
The basic determinants of self-interest – violent criminality, in particular robbery are considered.
Analogies in jurisprudence and in right-applying practice
The paper deals with one of the most acute problems of methodology of a modern legal science. Continuing to study heuristic opportunities of a method of analogy, the author offers an original classification of analogies with reference to jurisprudence and right-applying practice. Of special interest is such analysis of analogies as isomorphism and homomorphism.
Gift of the linguist and the teacher (Review of the book of Professor M.H. Shkhapatseva “Linguistics and Linguodidactics”)
Issue of the book of M.H.Shkhapatseva “Linguistics and Linguodidactics” is a significant event. It consists of two parts containing papers on problems of linguistics, modern Russian and technique of training to Russian at Russian and Adyghe schools. This is a peculiar report on the long-term activity of the scientist.