The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,<br />
the series “Region Studies: Philosophy, History, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Political Sciences and Culturology” The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,
the series “Region Studies: Philosophy, History, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Political Sciences and Culturology”
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#4 / 2005

Historical and political Sciences

  • L.D. Fedoseeva
    Yermolov on Caucasus

    In clause the period of A.P. Yermolov’s activity is considered. Connected with his stay on Caucasus (1816-1827) as the commander of the Caucasian case and manager by a civil part on Caucasus and in Astrakhan Areas. Is opened not only his military activity, on and outstanding abilities of the manager and state man.

    pdf fedoseeva1_2005_4.pdf  (217 Kb)

  • L.D. Fedoseeva
    Foreign intervention in the Caucasian War

    The paper discusses the aspiration of the largest foreign powers, namely England, Austria, France, Turkey to influence internal policy of Russia, including the Northwest Caucasus, during the Caucasian War. To attain the object all available means were used, namely money, the weapon and people (the officers, agents and military advisers were sent by them).

    pdf fedoseeva2_2005_4.pdf  (179 Kb)

  • L.V. Burykina
    Peasants’ migration to the Northwest Caucasus in the 1820s – 1850s

    The migration of peasants from the central and southern areas of the Russian empire to the Northwest Caucasus in the 1820s – 1850s is analyzed in the paper. The author emphasizes that resettlement of peasants not only laid the foundation for the future economic well-being of the region but also promoted easing of agrarian crisis in other parts of the country.

    pdf burykina2005_4.pdf  (154 Kb)

  • E.A. Kir'yanova
    Food problem in the 1930s: state and ways of its decision (according to data from some areas of the Central Russia)

    The paper discusses provision of agricultural population of the Central Russia in the 1930s with the foodstuffs basing on data from the Moscow, Ryazan and Tula areas united before 1937 in the uniform Moscow area. Ways of the decision of a grain problem are analyzed, namely an increase of areas under crops, introduction of crop rotations and improvement of a seed affair and agricultural specialization of areas. Productivity of actions made by the Communist Party and State structures is appreciated

    pdf kiryanova2005_4.pdf  (193 Kb)

    Sociological and Cultural Studies

  • S.A. Rezin'kova, S.A. Korzhakova
    Basic elements of a subject domain in an expert system of monitoring of social stratification

    The analysis is given of measurements of the social stratification, a basis of an expert system of monitoring of social stratification.

    pdf rezinkova2005_4.pdf  (179 Kb)

    Sciences of Law

  • E.M. Afamgotov
    Theoretical problems of the suffrage of the Russian Federation

    Theoretical problems of the suffrage of the Russian Federation are considered.

    pdf afamgotov2005_4.pdf  (150 Kb)

  • N.S. Skhabo
    Some aspects of the evolution of a principle of freedom of the contract in domestic civil law

    An attempt is made to consider a principle of freedom of the civil-law contract from the point of view of its evolution that is to investigate it in a context of its change and development. In this connection an experience of pre-revolutionary civil law, works of the Soviet scientists – jurists, and also a state of modern domestic civil law are generalized and investigated.

    pdf shabo2005_4.pdf  (140 Kb)

  • B.I. Shekultirov
    Constitutional-legal regulation of the international activity of the regions of the Russian Federation

    An analysis is made of the constitutional-legal regulation of the international activity of the regions in the Russian Federation. The paper gives a detailed differentiation of powers between the centre and subjects of the Russian Federation for achievement of mutual benefit and observance of the constitutional – legal principles.

    pdf shekultirov2005_4.pdf  (230 Kb)

  • N.I. Gerasimova
    The mechanism of protection of property rights for the participants of the limited liability company

    The paper is devoted to a pressing question of modern civil law: to a problem of protection of property rights of the Open Company participants. The general and special ways of protection of their property rights, as well as specific features of the mechanism of pre-judicial and judicial protection of the broken rights of the participants of the limited liability company are considered.

    pdf gerasimova2005_4.pdf  (263 Kb)

  • L.A. Burkova
    On legal problems of lease of land-plots

    Legal collisions of ground and civil law concerning lease of land as civil-law bargain are examined in the paper.

    pdf burkova2005_4.pdf  (129 Kb)

  • M.S. Pshizov
    On opportunities of criminalistic researches of the hand-written texts executed in Adyghe

    Necessity of development of a technique of criminalistic researches of hand-written texts executed in Adyghe is considered.

    pdf pshizov2005_4.pdf  (137 Kb)

  • Å.Ì. Kurbanova
    On functions of a search

    In the paper the following functions of a search are recognized: a reconnaissance function of a search, a function of fixing and certification, research and constructive functions. The tasks decided at each of stages are determined.

    pdf kurbanova2005_4.pdf  (135 Kb)

  • M.G. Zaretskaya
    Qualifying attributes of taking bribes

    Basing on judicial-investigatory practice the author considers problems of qualification of the qualified kinds of taking bribes. Allocating a clause with qualifying attributes, the legislator recognizes that these attributes essentially influence a degree and character of public danger of the given act according to which the certain limits of its punishability are established. Those are: taking bribes by the person occupying the state post of the Russian Federation or the state post of the subject of the Russian Federation, and equally by the head of institutions of local government (P.3, item 290 in Criminal Code of the Russian Federation); taking bribes by a group of persons on preliminary arrangement or the organized group (item ”a”, P.4, item 290 in Criminal Code of the Russian Federation); corruption passive par sollicitation (P.4 item 290 in Criminal Code of the Russian Federation); reception of a bribe for illegal actions (inactivity) (item 2 of item 290 in Criminal Code of the Russian Federation); the large size of a bribe (P.4, item 290 in Criminal Code of the Russian Federation).

    pdf zareckaya2005_4.pdf  (238 Kb)

  • O.I. Gerasimova
    Separate aspects of the criminal liability of minors

    The present paper is devoted to one of the most acute questions of the present, namely to the criminal liability of minors. This problem is of great importance especially in conditions of significant growth of criminality among minors and perpetrating by them of heavy, violent, profit-motivated crimes. The paper examines both the general bases of the criminal liability stipulated by working criminal legislation of the Russian Federation, and the basis of attraction to the criminal liability of the persons who have not reached full age. Besides the author investigates age groups of minors and gives the characteristic of each of them and provides arguments for decreasing age of the criminal liability for minors. The author uses foreign experience in the decision of a problem of attraction of minors to the criminal liability and considers various approaches to this question of domestic experts.

    pdf gerasimova2_2005_4.pdf  (184 Kb)

  • R.E. Mirzoyan
    The historical precondition of the development of non-cash monetary circulation

    The development of non-cash monetary circulation in Russia occurred under the direction of the State. The initial stage is characterized by absence of due legal regulation in the legislation of the Russian Federation. In the Soviet period regulation of settlement relations was carried out by circulars of the State Bank of the USSR. Civil Code of the Russian Federation provides 4 forms of calculations: payment orders, the letter of credit, the collection and the check. The main principles of realization of non-cash monetary circulation are generated at a level of the law.

    pdf mirzoyan2005_4.pdf  (169 Kb)

  • V.I. Margiev
    The concept of international law subjectivity

    The concept “law subjectivity” refers to legal categories that are seldom used in normative-legal acts of the states and in sources of international law. For this reason neither the general theory of law nor the theory of international law has a generally recognized definition of this concept. Some scientists under subjectivity of law understand the precondition of the law relation, others, an opportunity of being the participant of the law relation, consisting of two elements – legal capacity and capability of actions.

    pdf margiev1_2005_4.pdf  (175 Kb)

  • V.I. Margiev
    Evolution of the theory and practice of international law subjectivity

    The theory and practice of international law subjectivity have passed long evolution. In different epochs of human development the circle of subjects of international law frequently varied. Thus, in Ancient Rome the basic subjects of international law were the peoples and their governors and at present time those are the states, nations and peoples, the international organizations and state-like formations. Separate lawyers expand a circle of the subjects of international law.

    pdf margiev2_2005_4.pdf  (219 Kb)

  • M.M. Tkharkakho
    On legal institutes of the state of emergency in foreign countries

    The paper is devoted to legal institutes of the state of emergency in foreign countries. The author gives information on the kinds of the state of emergency in the USA, Great Britain and France. It is examined which agencies in these countries have the right to solve the problem on introduction of the state of emergency, the bases for introduction of this state and the consequences of its introduction.

    pdf tharkaho2005_4.pdf  (142 Kb)

  • I.N. Gaidareva
    The social right in the system of jurisprudence

    The sociology of the right is a young science the potential of which was realized not to the full. It is an independent scientific discipline, the root system of which reaches the territory of both jurisprudence and the general sociology.

    pdf gajdareva2005_4.pdf  (147 Kb)

    Political Sciences and Social Movements

  • A.I. Utkin, V.V. Kulakov
    Basic sources of financing of the left-wing radical parties of Russia in the beginning of the 20th century

    The basic sources of financing of the left-wing radical parties of Russia in the beginning of the 20th century are considered.

    pdf utkin2005_4.pdf  (240 Kb)

  • H.I.Tuguz
    The Osetin-Ingush conflict: problems of territory

    The paper discusses the principal cause of the Osetin-Ingush interethnic conflict ended in bloodshed on October 31 and on November 1 and 2, 1992. The basis of the conflict was an immemorial territorial question that was warmed up and became more complicated at three political regimes: at czarism, at the Soviet power and in the modern Russian Federation. Two fraternal people went to its overcoming for a long period of time, but this process is difficult because of the opposite concepts and approaches.

    pdf tuguz2005_4.pdf  (371 Kb)

  • A.S. Buzarov, A.I. Utkin, V.V. Kulakov
    Political-philosophical-methodological principles of comprehension of historic facts, phenomena, tendencies and processes

    The political-philosophical-methodological principles of comprehension of historic facts, phenomena, tendencies and processes are considered.

    pdf buzarov2005_4.pdf  (415 Kb)

  • Z.K. Stash
    On some features of the political regime in modern Russia

    The paper gives the characteristic features of the political regime in modern Russia. The political regime in Russia is regarded as a composite conglomerate of elements of various political regimes.

    pdf stash2005_4.pdf  (121 Kb)

  • E.A. Parasyuk
    Public corporations and bodies of the government in Russia: setting up and development of the mechanism of interaction

    The paper discusses the essence of public corporations as institutes of a civil society. The legislative base determining their legal status is analyzed; the characteristic is made of the mechanism of interaction of public associations and bodies of the government during the formation of a civil society and a lawful state in modern Russia; special attention is given to setting up and development of the mechanism of social partnership.

    pdf parasjuk2005_4.pdf  (169 Kb)