#2 / 2010
Nikolay Berdyaev about the nation and national relations (after N.A.Berdyaev's collection of works “Destiny of Russia”)
The paper discusses the importance of the national and a correlation of the national and the universal analyzed by Russian religious philosopher N.A. Berdyaev in the book “Destiny of Russia”. The author shows that Berdyaev has foreseen a sharpness of many today's problems. Therefore his outlook has a gnosiological value and the urgency in modern Russia.
Reconstruction of process of formation and development of ethnocultural and ethnoreligious outlook of Adyghe ethnos
In the paper, stages of formation and evolution of spiritual culture of Adyghe ethnos are considered through specificity of interaction of ethnic (Adyghe Studies) and religious (Islam) ideologies.
Problems of research of reciprocal influence of the person and the nature
The paper examines the human problematics in various aspects: in terms of a human biofield and an organic inclusiveness of the person in processes of universal scale. The author considers the psychogenic, social and educational technologies.
The concept and the characteristic of the transition period of a society: the philosophical comprehension
The paper elucidates the comprehension of the concept “The transition period in society development”. Òhå author defines the basic indications of the society in a transitive condition among which are the discrepancy between the legislation and relations existing in a society; decrease in a level of production and standard of living of people; radical restructurings in social-class structure of a society; political manipulations; a choice of new culture etc.
Intelligentsia in the conditions of crisis sociocultural space
The urgency of questions related to preservation and development of a phenomenon of intelligence is caused today by necessity of opposition to an impact of the crisis phenomena of the present, to processes of standardization and depersonalization of a society. Intelligence studies as a new area of scientific knowledge is urged to overcome amorphism of standards of education of a spiritual-moral orientation and to optimize adaptation of young generation in inconsistent space of social cataclysms and disbalanced cultural values.
Optimization of the crisis phenomena in professional work: an acmeological aspect
In the conditions of the modern economic transformations determined by the crisis phenomena, of sharp urgency are questions related to optimization of professional formation, development and self-realization of the future experts the essence of which is the object of acmeological researches. In the paper, on the basis of the philosophical-acmeological approach, the author shows the objective reasons of contradictions of professional formation of the modern young man. Problems and the ways of their decision are revealed: processes of optimization of personality-professional potential in the conditions of crisis are described in a complex.
On principles of landed property and land tenure of the Kuban Cossacks at the end of the 18th – beginning of the 20th centuries
The paper discusses the evolution of system of landed property and land tenure of the Kuban Cossacks at the end of the 18th – beginning of the 20th centuries. The analysis is made of value perception by Cossacks of principles of land tenure in the Black Sea region, and then in the Kuban area. Conformity of system of landed property to tsarism interests is traced.
English agents in the Northwest Caucasus in the first half of the 19th century
The paper discusses the intensified subversive activity of anti-Russian English agency among mountaineers of the Northwest Caucasus in the first half of the 19th century. They called the Adyghes to revolt against Russia in connection with an aggravation of struggle for the Caucasus between Russia, Turkey and England.
Formation of the Soviet public health care system in the Kuban region at the beginning of the 1920s
The paper examines politics and activity of the Soviet party-and-state structures concerning the formation of public health care system during the first years of Soviet power in the Kuban region as an example. It was carried out in terms of class positions and was directed to the realization of most-favored regime regarding the poorest people of the nation. The examination of historical experience of solving the problems of public health care in the Soviet State is of interest for the analysis and formation of the politics of public health care system in modern Russia, which is its legal successor.
A.P. Mikhailov, A.A. Fedoseeva
Sociocultural factors in an aetiology of youth’s deviating behaviour
The paper examines the bases of cultural - legal approach to problems related to youth’s deviating behaviour. An analysis is made of the criminal subculture and problems of its escalation to modern youth community as the factor causing the deviating behaviour.
Problems of re-socialization in a modern society: the sociocultural analysis
The paper is devoted to elucidation of alternative strategies of repressive and regenerative re-socialization. The author, analyzing the European models of an execution of the punishment concerning representatives of delinquent groups, gives arguments for possibility of use of foreign experience in conditions of the Russian society taking into account its modern sociocultural potential.
“Life strategies” of youth: definition problems in a sociological discourse
The paper substantiates the interest of modern social – humanities science to such concepts as “life strategy”, “life plan”, “life appointments” etc., as well as the significance of problems related to studying the condition and tendencies of formation of long-term orientations in the youth’s environment. The author gives a treatment of the concept “life strategies” and describes its key aspects on the basis of analysis of various concepts, models and approaches to determination of life strategies formed in domestic sociology.
Cultural deviations in a context of the theory of anomia: the sociological analysis
The paper is devoted to the problems of deviation of the person from the point of view of the sociocultural approach. The author considers the problems in a context of the theory of anomia, using scientific approaches of classical sociology.
Sociocultural factors of minimizing the influence of groups of risk: a regional profile
The paper provides an analysis of the sociocultural factors influencing functioning of groups of risk and minimization of their negative influence on the population.
Differentiation of starting potentialities of studying youth as the basis of formation of life strategies
The paper examines the factors, making the most serious impact on process of development by youth of the life plans and life strategies. The author gives the materials of own research supporting methodological independence of the proposed approach to the analysis of formation of studying youth’s life strategies.
Identity of Russian youth in conditions of sociocultural transformation
An analysis is made of formation of identity of the Russian youth in conditions of sociocultural transformation. The author discloses the essence of civil identity and its structural elements. The basic directions of the state activity on formation of civil identity of youth are defined.
Innovational behaviour as a way of the human interaction with the world during the vital self-realization
The paper provides the understanding innovational behaviour as a way of the human interaction with the world during the vital self-realization. The attention is focused on the value contents of innovational behaviour specifying frameworks of the new life standard which is not limited to social and economic functioning of a society. It is shown that the innovational behaviour in the conditions of transferring an opportunity in the reality, characterized by a simultaneous presence between balance and stability alongside with an openness is a special way of the human interaction with the world during the vital self-realization.
Student's youth and law-enforcement system: problems of interaction in the conditions of globalization
The paper is devoted to the sociological analysis of interaction of law enforcement bodies and student's youth. On the basis of the presented empirical base the author allocates tendencies of legal consciousness development in the conditions of globalization.
Youth and students as social groups and an object of the sociological analysis
The paper, from a position of a sociological science, gives modern characteristics of youth and students, a definition of students as a special social group which has different living conditions, work and way of life, social behaviour, psychology and a system of value orientations.
Aggression and violence in a context of social interactions
The display forms of aggression and violence are various, they existed and exist everywhere, during all historical epochs and at all levels of a society. However, despite prevalence of these phenomena, researchers did not manage to answer definitively a question as to what underlies each of them. In the paper, the author provides different variants of understanding the essence of general scientific categories “aggression” and “violence”. Also, having subjected them to all-round philosophical analysis and considering them in close interrelation, the author gives his own variant of definition of these phenomena of human life.
Obvious and latent questions of the national conflict: a view of the sociologist
The paper examines the problems of working out and realization of the state strategy in sphere of sociocultural international practice, dictated by objective factors - multiethnicity and multiculture of our state.
Religious and nonreligious consciousness of the Russian society in the epoch of changes: problems of typologization
The paper gives an explanation of religious and not religious consciousness of a contemporary society. The author provides the sociological analysis of transformation of public consciousness in changing Russian society in which the degree and levels of religiousness are reflected and the variety of religious practices and forms of sociocultural identification are typologically classified. The basic research concepts of religious practice of people which are used in social sciences already throughout several decades (a faith, a believer, a religiousness etc.) are analyzed. On the basis of conceptual generalization of the concepts of religion sociology the author presents his own definitions of world outlooks of public consciousness which possess the relevant indications allowing more objective characterization of the event and processes, occurring in Russia during the periods of sociocultural transformations.
Sociocultural institutionalization of a domestic small business
The paper discusses the questions related to an establishment of sociocultural factors of ensuring a sustainable development of a society. The author distinguishes the spiritual-moral component in the state and regional development and elucidates priorities of sociocultural dynamics of small business in modern Russia.
Correlation of the subjective right and the institute of legal capacity in social management
The paper substantiates that in modern conditions, the legal information, namely - its accumulation, processing, registration, presentation, distribution and advertising maintenance, has turned to the independent branch functioning under usual laws of the market.
Cultural legitimation of traffic rules
The paper provides the results of the sociological researches carried out by the Russian sociological centres, as well as the empirical materials obtained by the author during studying public opinion of the population of the Adygheya Republic, and legitimation of toughening the responsibility of citizens for infringement of rules of traffic.
The general laws of implementation of norms of international law in the national legislation
The paper is devoted to problems of interaction of the international and national law, in particular, to questions of implementation norms of international law in the interstate legislation. The national mechanism of implementation of norms of international law of each specific state has features inherent only in it depending on features of internal legal system. However a number of indications are the general for any state. Standard are: a principle of interpretation of national norms according to international law; the interpretation of laws showing friendship to international law, a presumption that the legislator has no intention to break the international obligations. In order to avoid possible collisions between the international and internal law it is accepted to resort first of all to interpretation of norms allowing solution of the contradiction in favour of international law.
On the Russian traditions of two-chamber legislature
The paper considers the basic stages of development of a two-chamber system of the organization and parliament functioning in Russia. The author reveals a place and a role of parliaments in modern political-legal system of the Russian Federation. It is inferred that in modern Russia search for the optimal and effective model of functioning of a two-chamber parliament continues.
On the content of constitutional-legal guarantee of ecological rights of the person and the citizen in the Russian Federation
In the paper, promising directions of perfection of the ecological legislation in sphere of protection of human rights are analyzed.
National aspects of development of the Russian statehood
The paper is devoted to formation and development of the statehood in Russia. The influence of national aspect on development of the Russian statehood is considered.
Administrative-legal ways of the resolution of the juridical conflict
All the ways of resolution of juridical conflicts are created and applied to the prompt consideration of the arisen dispute and its termination for the future time. The end of the conflict should be the core for any variant.
Legal features of payment systems
The paper presents the various points of view on concepts and the content of payment systems. It is inferred that a payment system includes a number of participants, as well as mutual relations between them the purpose of which is issue of bank cards, processing the financial information and carrying out, on its basis, mutual settlement of accounts between participants of the system. It is worthy of noting that the payment system takes gradually a leading place in the international monetary streams.