#4 / 2012
Philosophical theory of the reflex nature of the human mind
This paper shows the significance of criterion characteristics of the reflex nature of the human mind. A variant of philosophical research of reliability and objectivity of historical knowledge is suggested.
A new dimension of the state and confessional relations in Russia
The paper discusses the problematic aspects and prospects of development of the state and confessional relations in Russia and the principle of secularism. Groundlessness of manifestations of xenophobia concerning social activity of the Russian Orthodox Church is substantiated.
At sources of the European University education
This paper sheds light on the conditions which have caused powerful educational, scientific and cultural movement in Western Europe at a boundary of the 12th and 13th centuries and led to emergence of the universities which have become a prototype of a contemporary system of the higher education. Using the sources and special literature the author analyzes the process of formation of the first, most ancient European universities of Bologna and Paris similarly to which all the subsequent universities were created.
Military and technical cooperation of the USA and Saudi Arabia (the 1990s – the beginning of the 21st century)
This paper addresses the relations of the USA and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the military and technical sphere from 1991 to the present time. Attention is focused on deliveries of arms and military equipment from the USA to Saudi Arabia and on personnel training programs.
The higher education in the Turkish Republic
The paper examines a system of the higher education in the Turkish Republic, its gradual formation and development. Turkey is a European secular state, which tends to keep up and even overtake some European and Asian countries in their development. At the beginning of the 20th century Turkey has remained one of the most backward countries of Europe and Asia in science and education. Turkey did not have the state system of education and the masses were illiterate. Primary education institutions at the mosques spread bases of religious knowledge.
The event, which initiated the formation of the school, close to European standards, was the victory of the Kemalist national liberation revolution, led by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
On some family and marriage features of the relations in Daghestan (the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century)
This paper addresses understudied issues in the traditional study of Daghestan on the actual age of marriage, cradle and young collusion of the persistence of the levirate and sororate.
Hospitality and friendship in ethnosocial tradition of the people of Northwest Daghestan and Chechnya in the 19th - the beginning of the 20th centuries
This paper discusses the traditions of hospitality of the people of Northwest Daghestan and Chechnya, the reasons of their emergence and their significance in a traditional public life of mountaineers.
As a result of long joint cultural development the neighbouring people formed an original ethics and culture of hospitality and friendship. Differing in details, they have had common features.
S.A. Golovanova, V.G. Schnaider
A concept of “frontier” in the Caucasus modern literature
An analysis is made of the current state of the concept of “frontier”, developed by foreign and domestic historians. The authors show the terminological difficulties in the use of the concept “frontier” because of uncertainty and vagueness of its characteristics. The paper is focused upon prospects of adaptation of the theory of “frontier” to the North Caucasus regional geopolitical situation.
A.R. Atlaskirov, A.N. Sokolova, V. N. Kurbatov
West and East: Russia in dialogue of cultures
This paper examines problems of the civilizational choice facing Russia. The paper sheds light on the content of a concept of civilization and positions of some scientists concerning the global tendencies in strengthening and development of various civilizations. The sociological data showing split in the Russian society as regards the civilizational identity are provided.
V.A. Aleksentsev, R.B. Unarokova
Conceptual substantiation of research of North Caucasian ethnicity in management sociology
The paper discloses the theoretical and methodological aspects of the problem. The authors define initial bases of the scientific analysis of influence of administrative culture on development of the international relations in contours of the North Caucasian ethnos.
N.I. Boldysheva, S.V. Makeev
Analytical substantiation of research on family values in sociology of the culture
The paper addresses problematic aspects of sociocultural dynamics of values in a modern family. The authors show prospects of sociological research of family values of youth in sociology of the culture.
Historical education in formation of uniform sociocultural space
An analysis is made of the formation of uniform sociocultural space and preservation of integrity of Russia. The paper focuses upon the contents and a role of historical education in formation of the world outlook of youth. A variant of designing the philosophy of history, approving civilizational unity of the peoples of Russia, is suggested.
Social results of sociology of crisis management
The present paper discusses the modern sociological content of the administrative socially focused technologies of mobilizing development for the business sphere.
Charity in programs of social management
The present research focuses upon modern techniques of the theory and practice of social work as a complex result of administrative decisions and PR in noncommercial technologies of social work.
The subject of social action in the conditions of modernization
The paper discusses the role of changes of types of social action in the development of modern society. The author shows that the instrumental type of social action, the subject of which is a citizen, promotes industrialization of a society and transition to the market economy.
Modern migratory processes in the Stavropol Territory and their influence on a social and economic situation
The paper addresses questions of migration and integration of internally displaced persons. The work discusses the factors and reasons of migratory process in the Stavropol Territory, the influence of migratory movement on movings, structure, reproduction of the population, etc.
Network community as intercultural dialogical space
The paper provides an analysis of the Internet community as a subject of intercultural communications. The increasing role of virtual space as a culture-forming factor is emphasized. The author takes aim at finding new possibilities of development of the intercultural dialogue which is carried out by means of modern network technologies.
Role and features of an institutionalization of intersector social partnership in the Russian society
The paper discusses the role and urgency of intersector social partnership. The author gives his interpretation of an institutionalization, features and obstacles in development of intersector social partnership in the Russian society.
Sociocultural adaptation of students in Adygheya: expert’s opinion
An analysis is made of level and mechanisms of adaptation of students in the Adygheya Republic to norms and values of modern society by means of a qualitative method of sociological research – expert’s poll. An attempt is undertaken to identify ways of minimization of the problems related to the adaptable period of young generation.
T.N. Dukhina, P.A. Leontyev
Sociological concept of legal relationships as a special type of social interaction
The paper discusses the motives and levels of legal integration defined in social interaction of the personality on the basis of methodology of management sociology. The content of concept of legal regulation is disclosed in aspect of how the rule of law regulates public human relations.
S.N. Kirichenko, S.V. Ivanov
Societal interaction concepts for intellectual property
The paper defines the vectors of socially focused culture of management for the personality and for the society which make it possible to conceptualize promising sociological installations of guarantees and safety of intellectual property.
O.A. Roin, T.A.Yudina
Administrative process in the sociological analysis of the information sphere
A short analysis is made of sociological mechanisms of management in the construction and realization of information infrastructure of society focused on increasing the administrative culture and on development of forms of the safe organization for this sphere.
Military training and education in the Russian army: search for a new paradigm
The paper addresses topical issues of need of modernization of army and system of military training and education in our country, taking into account domestic and foreign experience.
A.I. Trakhov, Z.M. Beshukova
Arrest as a type of criminal punishment: problems and prospects
The paper examines the legal regulation of application of arrest as a type of criminal punishment. The authors arrive at a conclusion that the system of criminal punishments nowadays is deformed and is not complete and uniform unity. It represents the uncoordinated list of types of the punishments, not meeting a social, economic and political situation in the Russian Federation. As a result of the analysis of actual problems of application of arrest, the authors substantiate a suggestion on its elimination from the system of criminal punishments.
Fight against a drug trafficking
The paper discusses a distribution of drug addiction in the country. Experience of the foreign states in the sphere of prevention of a narcotization of the population is examined. The author suggests changes in the legislation which can lower a drug trafficking.
Historical method as a principle of studying the value specificity of a place (as shown by the regions of West Siberia)
The contemporary subjects of the Russian Federation (regions, territories, areas and autonomies) show a tendency to depart from the unified criteria for sociocultural development. Priority of the directions focused on formation and maintenance of regional specificity is set by the transformation of Russia at a boundary of the 1980-1990s, which caused increase of the Russian regionalism and regionalization processes. The historicism as a principle of studying the world and features of formation of social and cultural realities in the dynamics of their change makes it possible to see sociocultural changes of a place and its representation on the basis of the historical and cultural originality influencing formation of strategic models and prospects of the region development. This problem is inseparably linked with research of the geopolitical, historical and social conditions influencing transformation of value priorities in multicultural space of West Siberia.
D.I. Bekizheva, V.N. Kulyabtseva
Activity of women’s public organizations in modern political process
Civil activity is displayed in the form of the organized actions of various public and non-profit organizations, initiative groups and individual citizens directed to social, economic and civil development of society. Uniting efforts for realization of actions and social partnership are the most important mechanisms of strengthening the effect of public progress and development.
The civil organizations operate as key subjects in political process at the expense of approval of alternative social practices and introduction of new discourses which organize the social world, reproduce and serve it. The women's public organization is the multipurpose public organization uniting women, engaged in the solution of a wide range of the social problems. It is based on membership and joint activity for protection of common interests and achievement of common purposes.
O.A. Kryzhanovskaya, S.V. Petrova
Historical roots of the Georgian-Ossetins conflict and its development in modern realities
The paper discusses the key stages of development of the Georgian-Ossetins relations and participation of Russia in this process in modern conditions. The authors show the historical retrospective review of formation of the Georgian-Ossetins conflict and its escalation.
Image of the public politician in local mass-media: quantitative research
The paper provides the results of research of six Internet editions of the Saratov region, carried out by using the methods of a content and event analysis. A chronological framework of studying was limited by 2011. Media images of six Saratov politicians have become the object of author's attention. On the basis of definitely selected empirical materials, separate mechanisms of designing a politician’s image are analyzed.
Integration of national public organizations into regional political system (as shown by the Karachaevo-Circassia)
The paper discusses sociopolitical and organizational problems of formation of national cultural public organizations and their integration into regional political system. Using the materials of Karachaevo-Circassia, the author shows the factors promoting politicization of national cultural public organizations and increase of their importance in regional political process.