The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,<br />
the series “Region Studies: Philosophy, History, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Political Sciences and Culturology” The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,
the series “Region Studies: Philosophy, History, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Political Sciences and Culturology”
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#4 / 2012

Phylosophy

  • I.V.Boldyshev
    Philosophical theory of the reflex nature of the human mind

    This paper shows the significance of criterion characteristics of the reflex nature of the human mind. A variant of philosophical research of reliability and objectivity of historical knowledge is suggested.

    pdf boldyshev2012_4.pdf  (448 Kb)

  • I.B. Chernova
    A new dimension of the state and confessional relations in Russia

    The paper discusses the problematic aspects and prospects of development of the state and confessional relations in Russia and the principle of secularism. Groundlessness of manifestations of xenophobia concerning social activity of the Russian Orthodox Church is substantiated.

    pdf chernova2012_4.pdf  (519 Kb)

    History

  • S.P. Markova
    At sources of the European University education

    This paper sheds light on the conditions which have caused powerful educational, scientific and cultural movement in Western Europe at a boundary of the 12th and 13th centuries and led to emergence of the universities which have become a prototype of a contemporary system of the higher education. Using the sources and special literature the author analyzes the process of formation of the first, most ancient European universities of Bologna and Paris similarly to which all the subsequent universities were created.

    pdf markova2012_4.pdf  (1 Mb)

  • V.V. Suvorova
    Military and technical cooperation of the USA and Saudi Arabia (the 1990s – the beginning of the 21st century)

    This paper addresses the relations of the USA and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the military and technical sphere from 1991 to the present time. Attention is focused on deliveries of arms and military equipment from the USA to Saudi Arabia and on personnel training programs.

    pdf suvorova2012_4.pdf  (939 Kb)

  • T.V. Korotko
    The higher education in the Turkish Republic

    The paper examines a system of the higher education in the Turkish Republic, its gradual formation and development. Turkey is a European secular state, which tends to keep up and even overtake some European and Asian countries in their development. At the beginning of the 20th century Turkey has remained one of the most backward countries of Europe and Asia in science and education. Turkey did not have the state system of education and the masses were illiterate. Primary education institutions at the mosques spread bases of religious knowledge. The event, which initiated the formation of the school, close to European standards, was the victory of the Kemalist national liberation revolution, led by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.

    pdf korotko2012_4.pdf  (466 Kb)

  • A.D. Elmurzayeva
    On some family and marriage features of the relations in Daghestan (the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century)

    This paper addresses understudied issues in the traditional study of Daghestan on the actual age of marriage, cradle and young collusion of the persistence of the levirate and sororate.

    pdf elmurzayeva2012_4.pdf  (425 Kb)

  • M.A. Khadzhimuradova
    Hospitality and friendship in ethnosocial tradition of the people of Northwest Daghestan and Chechnya in the 19th - the beginning of the 20th centuries

    This paper discusses the traditions of hospitality of the people of Northwest Daghestan and Chechnya, the reasons of their emergence and their significance in a traditional public life of mountaineers. As a result of long joint cultural development the neighbouring people formed an original ethics and culture of hospitality and friendship. Differing in details, they have had common features.

    pdf khadzhimuradova2012_4.pdf  (688 Kb)

  • S.A. Golovanova, V.G. Schnaider
    A concept of “frontier” in the Caucasus modern literature

    An analysis is made of the current state of the concept of “frontier”, developed by foreign and domestic historians. The authors show the terminological difficulties in the use of the concept “frontier” because of uncertainty and vagueness of its characteristics. The paper is focused upon prospects of adaptation of the theory of “frontier” to the North Caucasus regional geopolitical situation.

    pdf golovanova2012_)4.pdf  (697 Kb)

    Sociology

  • A.R. Atlaskirov, A.N. Sokolova, V. N. Kurbatov
    West and East: Russia in dialogue of cultures

    This paper examines problems of the civilizational choice facing Russia. The paper sheds light on the content of a concept of civilization and positions of some scientists concerning the global tendencies in strengthening and development of various civilizations. The sociological data showing split in the Russian society as regards the civilizational identity are provided.

    pdf atlaskirov2012_4.pdf  (662 Kb)

  • V.A. Aleksentsev, R.B. Unarokova
    Conceptual substantiation of research of North Caucasian ethnicity in management sociology

    The paper discloses the theoretical and methodological aspects of the problem. The authors define initial bases of the scientific analysis of influence of administrative culture on development of the international relations in contours of the North Caucasian ethnos.

    pdf aleksentsev2012_4.pdf  (468 Kb)

  • N.I. Boldysheva, S.V. Makeev
    Analytical substantiation of research on family values in sociology of the culture

    The paper addresses problematic aspects of sociocultural dynamics of values in a modern family. The authors show prospects of sociological research of family values of youth in sociology of the culture.

    pdf boldysheva2012_4.pdf  (366 Kb)

  • M.M. Kuchukov
    Historical education in formation of uniform sociocultural space

    An analysis is made of the formation of uniform sociocultural space and preservation of integrity of Russia. The paper focuses upon the contents and a role of historical education in formation of the world outlook of youth. A variant of designing the philosophy of history, approving civilizational unity of the peoples of Russia, is suggested.

    pdf kuchukov2012_4.pdf  (574 Kb)

  • S.I. Kolesnik
    Social results of sociology of crisis management

    The present paper discusses the modern sociological content of the administrative socially focused technologies of mobilizing development for the business sphere.

    pdf kolesnik2012_4.pdf  (481 Kb)

  • N.V. Aleksentseva
    Charity in programs of social management

    The present research focuses upon modern techniques of the theory and practice of social work as a complex result of administrative decisions and PR in noncommercial technologies of social work.

    pdf aleksentseva2012_4.pdf  (331 Kb)

  • V.V. Arutyunyan
    The subject of social action in the conditions of modernization

    The paper discusses the role of changes of types of social action in the development of modern society. The author shows that the instrumental type of social action, the subject of which is a citizen, promotes industrialization of a society and transition to the market economy.

    pdf arutyunyan2012_4.pdf  (714 Kb)

  • A.V. Shcherbakova
    Modern migratory processes in the Stavropol Territory and their influence on a social and economic situation

    The paper addresses questions of migration and integration of internally displaced persons. The work discusses the factors and reasons of migratory process in the Stavropol Territory, the influence of migratory movement on movings, structure, reproduction of the population, etc.

    pdf shcherbakova2012_4.pdf  (435 Kb)

  • O.A. Volosatova
    Network community as intercultural dialogical space

    The paper provides an analysis of the Internet community as a subject of intercultural communications. The increasing role of virtual space as a culture-forming factor is emphasized. The author takes aim at finding new possibilities of development of the intercultural dialogue which is carried out by means of modern network technologies.

    pdf volosatova2012_4.pdf  (826 Kb)

  • R.G. Chernyavsky
    Role and features of an institutionalization of intersector social partnership in the Russian society

    The paper discusses the role and urgency of intersector social partnership. The author gives his interpretation of an institutionalization, features and obstacles in development of intersector social partnership in the Russian society.

    pdf chernyavsky2012_4.pdf  (586 Kb)

  • A.R. Guchetl
    Sociocultural adaptation of students in Adygheya: expert’s opinion

    An analysis is made of level and mechanisms of adaptation of students in the Adygheya Republic to norms and values of modern society by means of a qualitative method of sociological research – expert’s poll. An attempt is undertaken to identify ways of minimization of the problems related to the adaptable period of young generation.

    pdf guchetl2012_4.pdf  (755 Kb)

  • T.N. Dukhina, P.A. Leontyev
    Sociological concept of legal relationships as a special type of social interaction

    The paper discusses the motives and levels of legal integration defined in social interaction of the personality on the basis of methodology of management sociology. The content of concept of legal regulation is disclosed in aspect of how the rule of law regulates public human relations.

    pdf dukhina2012_4.pdf  (387 Kb)

  • S.N. Kirichenko, S.V. Ivanov
    Societal interaction concepts for intellectual property

    The paper defines the vectors of socially focused culture of management for the personality and for the society which make it possible to conceptualize promising sociological installations of guarantees and safety of intellectual property.

    pdf kirichenko2012_4.pdf  (509 Kb)

  • O.A. Roin, T.A.Yudina
    Administrative process in the sociological analysis of the information sphere

    A short analysis is made of sociological mechanisms of management in the construction and realization of information infrastructure of society focused on increasing the administrative culture and on development of forms of the safe organization for this sphere.

    pdf roin2012_4.pdf  (386 Kb)

  • A.V. Karmanov
    Military training and education in the Russian army: search for a new paradigm

    The paper addresses topical issues of need of modernization of army and system of military training and education in our country, taking into account domestic and foreign experience.

    pdf karmanov2012_4.pdf  (611 Kb)

    Jurisprudence

  • A.I. Trakhov, Z.M. Beshukova
    Arrest as a type of criminal punishment: problems and prospects

    The paper examines the legal regulation of application of arrest as a type of criminal punishment. The authors arrive at a conclusion that the system of criminal punishments nowadays is deformed and is not complete and uniform unity. It represents the uncoordinated list of types of the punishments, not meeting a social, economic and political situation in the Russian Federation. As a result of the analysis of actual problems of application of arrest, the authors substantiate a suggestion on its elimination from the system of criminal punishments.

    pdf trakhov2012_4.pdf  (681 Kb)

  • E.M. Afamgotov
    Fight against a drug trafficking

    The paper discusses a distribution of drug addiction in the country. Experience of the foreign states in the sphere of prevention of a narcotization of the population is examined. The author suggests changes in the legislation which can lower a drug trafficking.

    pdf afamgotov2012_4.pdf  (542 Kb)

    Culturology

  • S.D. Bakulina
    Historical method as a principle of studying the value specificity of a place (as shown by the regions of West Siberia)

    The contemporary subjects of the Russian Federation (regions, territories, areas and autonomies) show a tendency to depart from the unified criteria for sociocultural development. Priority of the directions focused on formation and maintenance of regional specificity is set by the transformation of Russia at a boundary of the 1980-1990s, which caused increase of the Russian regionalism and regionalization processes. The historicism as a principle of studying the world and features of formation of social and cultural realities in the dynamics of their change makes it possible to see sociocultural changes of a place and its representation on the basis of the historical and cultural originality influencing formation of strategic models and prospects of the region development. This problem is inseparably linked with research of the geopolitical, historical and social conditions influencing transformation of value priorities in multicultural space of West Siberia.

    pdf bakulina2012_4.pdf  (1 Mb)

    Political Science

  • D.I. Bekizheva, V.N. Kulyabtseva
    Activity of women’s public organizations in modern political process

    Civil activity is displayed in the form of the organized actions of various public and non-profit organizations, initiative groups and individual citizens directed to social, economic and civil development of society. Uniting efforts for realization of actions and social partnership are the most important mechanisms of strengthening the effect of public progress and development. The civil organizations operate as key subjects in political process at the expense of approval of alternative social practices and introduction of new discourses which organize the social world, reproduce and serve it. The women's public organization is the multipurpose public organization uniting women, engaged in the solution of a wide range of the social problems. It is based on membership and joint activity for protection of common interests and achievement of common purposes.

    pdf bekizheva2012_4.pdf  (875 Kb)

  • O.A. Kryzhanovskaya, S.V. Petrova
    Historical roots of the Georgian-Ossetins conflict and its development in modern realities

    The paper discusses the key stages of development of the Georgian-Ossetins relations and participation of Russia in this process in modern conditions. The authors show the historical retrospective review of formation of the Georgian-Ossetins conflict and its escalation.

    pdf kryzhanovskaya2012_4.pdf  (776 Kb)

  • E.V. Grigoryev
    Image of the public politician in local mass-media: quantitative research

    The paper provides the results of research of six Internet editions of the Saratov region, carried out by using the methods of a content and event analysis. A chronological framework of studying was limited by 2011. Media images of six Saratov politicians have become the object of author's attention. On the basis of definitely selected empirical materials, separate mechanisms of designing a politician’s image are analyzed.

    pdf grigoryev2012_4.pdf  (720 Kb)

  • Kh.Kh. Kazakov
    Integration of national public organizations into regional political system (as shown by the Karachaevo-Circassia)

    The paper discusses sociopolitical and organizational problems of formation of national cultural public organizations and their integration into regional political system. Using the materials of Karachaevo-Circassia, the author shows the factors promoting politicization of national cultural public organizations and increase of their importance in regional political process.

    pdf kazakov2012_4.pdf  (763 Kb)